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31. Långström, Tarja : Transformation in Russia and international law, 2003
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Transformation in Russia and international law / Långström, Tarja - (The Eric Castrén Institute monographs oninternational law and human rights ; vol. 6), xxii, 494 p.. - Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 2003.

ISBN 90-04-13754-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:: Introduction. 1. The Scholarship of International Law in Russia:. 1.1 The Russian Empire and International Law, 1.2 The Soviet Union and International Law, 1.2.1 Revolution and International Law (1924-30), 1.2.2 Socialism in One Country and International Law (1931-38), 1.2.3 Stalinism and International Law (1938-55), 1.2.4 De-Stalinisation and International Law (1955-85), 1.2.5 Perestroika and International Law (1985-1991), 1.3 The Russian Federation and International Law, 1.3.1 Democratisation and Foreign Policy, 1.3.2 International Law as it is Taught in Russia, 1.3.3 Ideological Pluralism and International Law Scholarship, 1.4 Concluding Remarks: The Doctrinal Development of International Law, 1.4.1 A Point of Continuity: The Scholarship’s Function, 1.4.2 Return to the Idea of the Legal Consciousness of the People as the Ultimate Source of Law, 1.4.3 About the Concept of International Law. 2. Succession of States in the Former Soviet Union, 2.1 Law of State Succession Revisited, 2.2 Does Status Determine Continuity of Re1ations or Vice Versa? 2.2.1 About the Thesis of Continuity between the USSR and the Russian Federation, 2.2.2 About the Baltic States' Legal Restorationism 2.3 Treaties of the Former Soviet Union, 2.3.1 Arms Control and Disarmament Treaties: Flexible Solutions in the Interest of Security, 2.3.2 Human Rights and Humanitarian Law Treaties: A Special Category? 2.3.3 No Succession to the Membership in International Organisations, 2.3.4 Bilateral Treaties: Pragmatic Solutions Treaty by Treaty, 2.4 Re-Allocation of the Assets and Liabilities of the Former Soviet Union 2.4.1 State Property Located within the Territory of the Former Soviet Union, 2.4.2 Soviet Debt and Property Located outside the USSR -Continuity through Succession, 2.5 State Succession in the Former Soviet Union and Borders, 2.5.1 Former Administrative Borders between the Soviet Republics Internationalised, 2.5.2 Continuity of External Frontiers of the Soviet Union, 2.6 Regulation of Nationality of the Former USSR Citizens in Russia, 2.7 Concluding Remarks about State Succession in the Former Soviet Union, 2.7.1 About the 'State-Continuator' Concept, 2. 7.2 The Malleability of the Law of State Succession and the Relevance of Other Doctrines. 3. The Relation of International and Domestic Law, 3.1 From Soviet to Russian Treaty-Making: Procedures Fixed in a Special Law, 3.1.1 The Conclusion of Treaties, 3.1.2 The Component Units of the State and Treaties, 3.1.3 Initiating the Treaty-Making Process, 3.1.4 The Control of Constitutionality of Treaties, 3.1.5 The Provisional Application of Treaties, 3.1.6 The Publication of Treaties, 3.1.7 The Termination of Treaties, 3.2 The Domestic Implementation of International Law, 3.2.1 The Relation of International and Domestic Law in the Soviet Union, 3.2.2 Human Rights Revisited: Perestroika and Constitutional Supervision, 3.2.3 The 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation: A Monist Basic Solution, 3.3 International Law in Courts, 3.4 Concluding Remarks about the Relation of International and Domestic Law, 3.4.1 Treaty-Making: Democratic Procedures against an 'Imperial Tradition', 3.4.2 Implementing the Monist Idea. 4. Conclusions: The 'Democratisation' of Russia and International Law, Bibliography and Table of Cases, Index.

INDEX WORDS:
* självstyrelse = self-government = itsehallinto
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* sedvanerätt = customary law = tapaoikeus
* dubbelt medborgarskap = dual citizenship = kaksoiskansalaisuus
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* humanitär intervention = humanitarian intervention = humanitaarinen interventio
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* ICJ = iCJ = ICJ
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* nationalism = nationalism = nationalismi
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus
* ratificering = ratification = ratifiointi
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* rättsstatsprincip = rule of law = oikeusvaltioperiaate
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti

NOTE (GENERAL): Vienna conventionon the law of treaties; ICESCR; ICCPR;

LIBRARY LOCATION: Off.rätt.

URL http://www.brill.nl/m_catalogue_sub1.htm

 
32. Andreu-Guzman, Federico : Military jurisdiction and international law , 2004
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Military jurisdiction and international law / Andreu-Guzman, Federico - ( Military courts and gross human rights violations ; vol. 1), 396 p.. - Geneva : International Commission of Jurists, 2004.

ISBN 92-9037-102-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* övervakning av mänskliga rättigheter = human rights monitoring = ihmisoikeuksien valvonta
* CAT Committee = CAT Committee = CAT Committee
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* CRC Committee = CRC Committee = CRC Committee
* specialrapportör = special rapporteur = erityisraportoija
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* nationell lagstiftning = national legislation = kansallinen lainsäädäntö

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Brazil / Colombia / Ecuador / Guatemala / Paraguay / Peru / Suriname / Argentina / Austria / Belgium / Cameroon / Canada / Centra African Republic / Chad / Chile / China / Congo / Costa Rica / Cuba / Ecuador / France / Germany / Iran / Italy / Netherlands / Norway / Paraguay / Peru / Poland / Romania / Spain / Switzerland / United Kingdom / USA / Uruguay / Venezuela / Equatorial Guinea / Somalia

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: s ICJ

 
33. Doria, José : Angola, 2005
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Angola : a case study in the challenges of achieving peace and the question of amnesty or prosecution of war crimes in mixed armed conflicts / Doria, José

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Yearbook of international humanitarian law : 2002 : vol. 5 / Fischer, H.; McDonald, A. (eds.), p. 61-106. - Hague : T. M. C. Asser Press, 2005. - ISSN 1389-1359

ISBN 90-6704-189-0

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* sedvanerätt = customary law = tapaoikeus
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* krigsförbrytare = war criminals = sotarikolliset
* legosoldat = mercenary = palkkasotilas
* personligt straffansvar = individual criminal responsibility = yksilöllinen rikosvastuu
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: South Africa

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; UN charter-Chapter VII; OAU convention for the elimination of mercenarism;

 
34. Boyle, David : Establishing the responsibility of the Khmer Rouge leadership for international crimes, 2005
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Establishing the responsibility of the Khmer Rouge leadership for international crimes / Boyle, David

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Yearbook of international humanitarian law : 2002 : vol. 5 / Fischer, H.; McDonald, A. (eds.), p. 167-218. - Hague : T. M. C. Asser Press, 2005. - ISSN 1389-1359

ISBN 90-6704-189-0

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* Specialdomstolen för Kambodja = Extraordinary Chamber for Cambodia = Kambodzan erityistuomioistuin
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* offer = victims = uhrit
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* rättsställning = legal status = oikeudellinen asema

NOTE (GENERAL): ICCPR-14;

 
35. Stover, Eric : Bremer's "Gordian knot", 2005
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Bremer's "Gordian knot" : transitional justice and the US occupation of Iraq / Stover, Eric ; Megally, Hanny ; Mufti, Hania

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Human rights quarterly : vol. 27; no. 3., p. 830-857. - Baltimore MA : John Hopkins U., 2005. - ISSN 0275-0392

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* utrikespolitik = foreign policy = ulkopolitiikka
* ockupation = occupation = miehitys
* invasion = invasion = invaasio
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Iraq / USA

 
36. Zwanenburg, Marten : Accountability of peace support operations, 2005
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Accountability of peace support operations / Zwanenburg, Marten - ( International humanitarian law series ; vol. 9), ix, 363 p.. - Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 2005.

ISBN 90-04-14350-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Table of Contents:. Introduction. 1. Definition and Characteristics of Peace Support Operations. 2. Attribution of Conduct of Peace Support Operations. 3. Scope of Application of International Humanitarian Law to Peace Support Operations. 4. Legal Consequences of Accountability for Breaches of International Humanitarian Law by Peace Support Operations. 5. Existing Mechanisms for Invoking Accountability for Violations of International Humanitarian Law by Peace Support Operations. 6. Proposals for New Mechanisms for Invoking Accountability. Findings and Conclusions;

INDEX WORDS:
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* Afrikanska Unionen = African Union = Afrikan Unioni
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* diplomatiskt skydd = diplomatic protection = diplomaattinen suoja
* EU = EU = EU
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* fredsframtvingande åtgärder = peace enforcement = rauhaan pakottaminen
* krigsfångar = prisoners of war = sotavangit
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* Specialdomstolen för Sierra Leone = Special Court for Sierra Leone = Sierra Leonen erityistuomioistuin
* Världsbanken = World Bank = Maailmanpankki
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Austria / Belgium / Colombia / Canada / Germany / Greece / Italy / Netherlands / Switzerland / United Kingdom / USA

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; Dayton peace agreement; ECHR; Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions;

URL http://www.brill.nl/m_catalogue_sub1.htm

 
37. Feyter, K. de (ed.) : Out of the ashes , 2005
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Out of the ashes : reparation for victims of gross and systematic human rights violations / Feyter, K. de (ed.) ; Parmentier, S. ; Bossuyt, M. ; Lemmens, P., xix, 522 p.. - Oxford : Intersentia, 2005.

ISBN 90-5095-451-0

LANGUAGE: ENg

ABSTRACT: Contents:. PART ONE. GENERAL FRAMEWORK. The United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Reparations: Context and Contents - Dinah Shelton. Victims and Citizens: The Discourse of Reparation(S) at the Dawn of the New Millennium - John Torpey. PART TWO. KEY ISSUES. Reparation as a Component OF Transitional Justice: Pursuing Reparative Justice in the Aftermath OF Violent Conflict - Rama Mani. Deserving and Undeserving Victims: Political Context and Legal Framework of Hard Cases of Reparation - Elazar Barkan. Victims Expectations, Needs and Perspectives After Gross and Systematic Human Rights Violations - Martien Schotsmans. The Dilemmas of Reparations: in Search of a Process-Driven Approach - Brandon Hamber. Reparations for Gross Human Rights Violations as an Outcome of Criminal Versus Civil Court Proceedings - Jeremy Sarkin. PART THREE. CASE STUDIES. The Expanding Scope and Impact of Reparations - Awarded by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights Douglas Cassel. The Trust Fund for Victims of the International Criminal Court: Between Possibilities and Constraints - Pablo De Greiff and Marieke Wierda. Reparation by the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina - Manfred Nowak. Reparation Practices in Sierra Leone and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission - William A. Schabas. Reparation for Victims in Rwanda: Caught Between Theory and Practice - Heidy Rombouts and Stef Vandeginste. PART FOUR. ANTWERP/LEUVEN RESEARCH PROJECT. The Right to Reparation for Victims of Gross and Systematic Violations of Human Rights - Heidy Rombouts, Pietro Sardaro and Stef Vandeginste.

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* offer = victims = uhrit
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* FN = UN = YK
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* internationell rätt = international law = kansainvälinen oikeus
* nationell rätt = national law = kansallinen oikeus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet

 
38. Lenzerini, Federico (ed.) : Reparations for indigenous peoples , 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Reparations for indigenous peoples : international and comparative perspectives / Lenzerini, Federico (ed.), xxvii, 650 p.. - Oxford : Oxford U. P., 2008.

ISBN 978-0-19-923560-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Contents:. I. INTERNATIONAL LAW, REPARATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ RIGHTS:. 1. Reparations for Indigenous Peoples in International and Comparative Law: An Introduction, Federico Lenzerini (University of Siena). 2. Reparation for Indigenous Peoples: Is International Law Ready to Ensure Redress for Historical Injustices?, Francesco Francioni (European Uni versity Institute—Florence). 3. Reparations for Indigenous Peoples: The Present Value of Past Wrongs, Dinah Shelton (George Washington University Law School). 4. The Trail of Broken Dreams: The Status of Indigenous Peoples in International Law, Federico Lenzerini (University of Siena). 5. Indigenous Peoples, Afro-Indigenous Peoples and Reparations, Gerald Torres (Law School, University of Texas). 6. Indigenous Peoples and Psychosocial Reparation: The Experience with Latin American Indigenous Communities, Nieves Gómez (ECAP—Guatemala). II. REPARATIONS FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES: INTERNATIONAL, REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC PRACTICE:. 7. Reparations for Indigenous Peoples: Global International Instruments and Institutions, Claire Charters (Victoria University of Wellington). 8. Reparations for Cultural Loss, Ana F Vrdoljak (European University Institute—Florence). 9. In Praise of Guilt: How the Yearning for Moral Purity Blocks Reparations for Native Americans, David C Williams (Indiana University School of Law ). 10. Repairing Reparations in the American Indian Nation Context, Sarah Krakoff (University of Colorado Law School) and Kristen Carpenter (Univers ity of Denver Sturm College of Law ). 11. Indigenous Peoples of Canada and their Efforts to Achieve True Reparations, Bradford W Morse (University of Ottawa). 12. Reparations for Indigenous Peoples in the Case Law of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Gabriella Citroni (University of Milano-Bicocca) and Karla I Quintana Osuna (Harvard University). 13. Reparations for Indigenous Peoples in Two Selected Latin American Countries, Marzia Rosti (University of Milan). 14. Reparations for Indigenous Peoples in Europe: The Case of the Sámi People, Stefania Errico (University Federico II of Naples) and Barbara Ann Hocking (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane). 15. Reparations and Africa’s Indigenous Peoples, Nsongurua J Udombana (Central European University, Budapest). 16. International Law and Reparations for Indigenous Peoples in Asia Phutoli Shikhu Chingmak (Eleutheros Christian Society, Tuensang Nagaland, India). 17. Reparations for Masyarakat Adat in Indonesia: A Sombre Tale Adérito de Jesus Soares (East Timor National University. 18. Why the Persistent Absence of a Foundational Principle? Indigenous Australians, Proprietary and Family Reparations, Barbara Ann Hocking (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane) and Margaret Stephenson (University of Queensland, Brisbane). 19. Reparations for Maori Grievances in Aotearoa New Zealand Catherine J Iorns Magallanes (Victoria University of Wellington). III. OPERATIONAL STRATEGIES AND BEST PRACTICES FOR ENSURING REPARATION FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES´:. 20. Reparations for Neglect of Indigenous Land Rights at the Intersection of Domestic and International Law— the Maya Cases in the Supreme Court of Belize, S James Anaya (Rogers College of Law, University of Arizona). 21. Conclusive Notes: Defi ning Best Practices and Strategies for Maximizing the Concrete Chances of Reparation for Injuries Suffered by Indigenous Peoples, Federico Lenzerini (University of Siena).

INDEX WORDS:
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee
* CERD Committee = CERD Committee = CERD Committee
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = inter-amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* afrikanska kommissionen för människans och folkens rättigheter = African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights = Afrikan ihmisoikeustoimikunta
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* assimilering = assimilation = assimilaatio
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* autonomi = autonomy = autonomia
* biologisk mångfald = biodiversity = biodiversiteetti
* barn = children = lapset
* adoption = adoption = adoptio
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* kollektiva rättigheter = collective rights = kollektiiviset oikeudet
* kolonialism = colonialism = kolonialismi
* sedvanerätt = common law = tapaoikeus
* kulturell mångfald = cultural diversity = kulttuurien monimuotoisuus
* kulturella rättigheter = cultural rights = sivistykselliset oikeudet
* ekonomisk utveckling = economic development = taloudellinen kehitys
* EU = EU = EU
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* människovärde = human dignity = ihmisarvo
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* självständighet = independence = itsenäisyys
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* politiskt deltagande = political participation = poliittinen osallistuminen
* äganderätt = right to property = omistusoikeus
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* landrättigheter = land ownership rights = maanomistusoikeus
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* nationella minoriteter = national minorities = kansalliset vähemmistöt
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* rasism = racism = rasismi
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* självstyrelse = self-government = itsehallinto
* rättsstatsprincip = rule of law = oikeusvaltioperiaate
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* hållbar utveckling = sustainable development = kestävä kehitys
* tortyr = torture = kidutus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Argentina / Australia / Belize / Botswana / canada / Chile / Colombia / Denmark / India / Indonesia / Italy / Japan / Malaysia / New Zealand / Nigeria / Norway / Philippines / South AFrica / Sweden / United Kingdom / USA

NOTE (GENERAL): Vienna convention on the law of treaties; Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples; ACHPR; ICESCR; ECHR; ICCPR; Convention concerning the indigenous and tribal peoples in independent countries (ILO convention no. 169); UDHR;

 
39. Scovazzi, Tullio : The struggle against enforced disappearance and the 2007 United Nations convention, 2007
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The struggle against enforced disappearance and the 2007 United Nations convention / Scovazzi, Tullio ; Citroni, Gabriella, xviii, 432 p.. - Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 2007.

ISBN 978-90-04-16149-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Contents:. Chapter I. The Dimension and Purposes of Enforced Disappearance. Chapter II. Overview of International Case Law on Enforced Disappearance. Chapter III. The Existing International Legal Framework on Enforced Disappearance. Chapter IV. The 2007 Convention and its Main Legal Issues. Conclusions. Post Scriptum. Text of the Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.

INDEX WORDS:
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* barn = children = lapset
* bevisbörda = burden of proof = todistustaakka
* Committee on enforced disappearances = Committee on enforced disappearances = Committee on enforced disappearances
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* utomrättsliga avrättningar = extrajudicial executions = mielivaltaiset teloitukset
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = inter-amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* intern väpnad konflikt = internal armed conflict = sisäinen aseellinen selkkaus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* reservationer = reservations = varaumat
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* non-state actors = non-state actors = non-state actors
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* vederlag = restitution = palauttaminen
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Afghanistan / Africa / Algeria / Argentina / Bolivia / Bosnia-Herzegovina / Chile / China / Colombia / Cyprus / Ecuador / Egypt / El Salvador / Germany / Guatemala / Honduras / Iraq / Italy / Morocco / Nepal / Paraguay / Peru / Philippines / Russian Federation / Sri Lanka / Sudan / Sweden / Syria / Turkey / United Kingdom / Uruguay / Venezuela / Zaire

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR; Dayton peace agreement; ECHR; Principles of reparation; Interamerican convention on forced disappearances of persons; ICCPR;

 
40. Spolander, Mia Mari : Menettelyn joutuisuus oikeudenmukaisen rikosoikeudenkäynnin osatekijänä, 2007
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Menettelyn joutuisuus oikeudenmukaisen rikosoikeudenkäynnin osatekijänä : erityisesti ihmisoikeustuomioistuimen ratkaisukäytännön valossa / Spolander, Mia Mari - (Suomalaisen lakimiesyhdistyksen julkaisuja; A-sarja ; 278), xlix, 346 p.. - Helsinki : Suomalainen lakimiesyhdistys, 2007. - ISSN 0356-7206

ISBN 978-951-855-267-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* medborgerliga och politiska rättigheter = civil and political rights = kansalaisoikeudet ja poliittiset oikeudet
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* författning/grundlag = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; ICCPR; ICES; ECHR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties;

 
41. Chapman, Audrey R. (ed.) : Truth and reconciliation in South Africa, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Truth and reconciliation in South Africa : did the TRC deliver? / Chapman, Audrey R. (ed.) ; van der Merwe, Hugo - (Pennsylvania studies in human rights) , x, 347 p.. - Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

ISBN 978-0-8122-4059-7

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. PART I: The victim hearings. PART II. Amnesty hearings. PART III: Truth findings. PART IV: Responses to the TRC. PART V: Conclusion.

INDEX WORDS:
* Sanningskommissioner = Truth Commissions = Totuuskomissiot
* offer = victims = uhrit
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* tortyr = torture = kidutus

URL http://www.upenn.edu/pennpress/book/14370.html

 
42. Buyse, Antoine : Post-conflict housing restitution, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Post-conflict housing restitution : the European human rights perspective, with a case study on Bosnia and Herzegovina / Buyse, Antoine - (School of human rights research series ; vol. 25), xvi, 439 p.. - Antwerpen : Intersentia, 2008.

ISBN 978-90-5095-770-0

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 The problem in a nutshell – the Blecic case 1.2 The changing face of conflict 1.3 Housing and property restitution: contribution to peace? 1.4 Central research question 1.5 Research framework 1.6 Structure 1.7 The case study of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 Conclusion. PART I: THE NORMATIVE SYSTEM: Chapter 2: Respect for the Home 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Underlying concepts: security, privacy and attachment 2.3 The notion of ‘home’ under the ECHR 2.4 Nature of the right 2.5 Non-interference 2.6 Positive obligations 2.7 Conclusion. Chapter 3: The Protection of Property: 3.1 Introduction 3.2 The concept of possessions under the ECHR 3.3 Nature of the right 3.4 Non-interference 3.5 Positive obligations 3.6 Conclusion. Chapter 4: Non-Discrimination and Minority Rights: 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Protection against discrimination 4.3 System of review by the Court 4.4 Non-discrimination and restitution 4.5 Minority protection: the Framework Convention 4.6 Minority protection: the European Convention on Human Rights 4.7 Conclusion. Chapter 5: Restitution as a Remedy for Human Rights Violations: 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Remedies for violations of international law 5.3 Restitution as the preferred remedy 5.4 Restitution as reparation for human rights violations 5.5 The Basic Principles: towards a right to restitution? 5.6 Which reparations does the Strasbourg Court provide? 5.7 Reparation: right or probability? 5.8 Conclusion. Chapter 6: Housing Restitution as a Right on its Own?: 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Stock-taking of practice at the United Nations 6.3 Rules of war, peace treaties and other state practice 6.4 The Principles on Housing and Property Restitution 6.5 Conclusion. Chapter 7: The Right to Housing Restitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 7.1 Introduction 7.2 The right to housing restitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.3 Human Rights Chamber case law: the right to respect for the home 7.4 Human Rights Chamber case law: protection of property 7.5 Human Rights Chamber case law: non-discrimination 7.6 Human Rights Chamber case law: restitution as a remedy 7.7 Conclusion. PART II THE OPERATING SYSTEM: Chapter 8. Elements of an Operating System for Housing Restitution: 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Application of the operating system to housing restitution 8.3 The ECHR as an operating system with barriers 8.4 ECHR requirements for the national operating system: the right to an effective remedy 8.5 The road ahead: the following chapters. Chapter 9: A Lifeline in Time? Non-Retroactivity and Continuing Violations under the ECHR: 9.1 Introduction 9.2 The principle of non-retroactivity 9.3 Distinctiveness of human rights treaties? 9.4 Exceptions to non-retroactivity 9.5 The concept of continuing violations under human rights treaties 9.6 Application of non-retroactivity under the European Convention on Human Rights 9.6.1 Temporal scope of the ECHR – the Commission and the Court 9.7 The link with housing restitution 9.8 Conclusion. Chapter 10: Beyond their Grasp? Territorial Scope of the ECHR: 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The context of international law 10.3 The territorial scope of human rights treaties other than the ECHR 10.4 Extraterritorial application of the ECHR by the Commission 10.5 Extraterritorial application of the ECHR by the Court 10.6 Application of the ECHR in areas where the state has lost control 10.7 The link with housing restitution 10.8 Conclusion. Chapter 11: The Operating System for Housing Restitution in Post-Dayton Bosnia: 11.1 Introduction 11.2 The Commission for Real Property Claims of Displaced Persons and Refugees 11.3 The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina 11.4 The Commission on Human Rights 11.5 Other institutions involved 11.6 Tested from above: the link between the Bosnian and European human rights operating systems 11.7 Conclusion. PART III APPLICATION IN PRACTICE: Chapter 12: Housing Restitution in Practice: 12.1 Introduction 12.2 The first post-war years: obstruction and low priority for housing restitution 12.3 United we stand, divided we (re-)act 12.4 Changing the legal structures 12.5 Implementing change: the Property Law Implementation Plan (PLIP) 12.6 The tough part: enforcement through evictions 12.7 Time to harvest: the results of the PLIP 12.8 The underlying shifts: from returns to restitution, from pragmatism to rule of law 12.9 The final stage: consensus dissolves. Chapter 13: 13.1 Introduction 13.2 The right to housing restitution: incomplete emergence 13.3 The operating system: stumbling blocks and discrepancies 13.4 The Bosnian experience 13.5 Lessons from Bosnia 13.6 Assessing the theory 13.7 Concluding recommendations. Samenvatting (summary in Dutch). Résumé (summary in French). Sažetak (summary in Bosnian).

INDEX WORDS:
* CERD Committee = CERD Committee = CERD Committee
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* internflyktingar = internally displaced persons = maan sisäiset pakolaiset
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* expropriation = expropriation = perusoikeudet
* EU = EU = EU
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* rättsstatsprincip = rule of law = oikeusvaltioperiaate
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* äganderätt = right to property = omistusoikeus
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* Världsbanken = World Bank = Maailmanpankki
* prövningsmarginal = margin of appreciation = harkintamarginaali
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* vederlag = restitution = palauttaminen

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; ICCPR; ECHR; UDHR; AMR; ACHPR; ADRD; Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM);

 
43. Responsibility and obligations to protect in international law, 2006
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Responsibility and obligations to protect in international law /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Völkerrecht als Wertordnung : common values in international law : Festschrift für/Essays in honour of Christian Tomuschat / Dupuy, Pierre-Marie ... [et al.], p. 281-462. - Kehl : N.P. Engel Verlag, 2006 .

ISBN 3-88357-136-9

LANGUAGE: ENG, GER, FRE

ABSTRACT: ARTICLES:. 1. Rudolf Dolzer: Schirmklauseln in Investitutionsschutzverträgen. 2. Pierre-Marie Dupy: L'Etat et ses emannations dans le contentieux du droit international des investissements. 3. Andrea Gattini: La renonciation au droit d'invoquer la resposnibilité. 4. Rainer Hofmann: Victims of violations of international humanitarian law. do they have an individual right to reparation against states under international law?. 5. Eckart Klein: Völkerrechtliche Grenzen des staatlichen Verzichts auf diplomatischen Schutz. 6. Philip Kunig: Das Völkerrecht und die Interessen der Bevölkerung. 7. Frank Montag: Völkerrechtliche immunität internationaler Organisationen und europäisches Kartellrecht. 8. W. Michael Reisman and Mahnoush H. Arsanjani: The question of unilateral governmental statements as applicable law in invetsment disputes. 9. Bruno Simma: Eine endlose Geschichte? Artikel 36 der Wiener Konsularkonvention in Todesstrafenfällen vor dem IGH und amerikanischen Gerichten. 10. Ingo Winkelmann: "Responsibility to protect":Die Verantwortung der internationalen Gemeinschaft zur Gewährung von Schutz.

INDEX WORDS:
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* offer = victims = uhrit
* diplomatiskt skydd = diplomatic protection = diplomaattinen suoja
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; ECHR; AMR; ACHPR; The statute of the ICC;

 
44. The international and transnational judicial function, 2006
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The international and transnational judicial function /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Völkerrecht als Wertordnung : common values in international law : Festschrift für/Essays in honour of Christian Tomuschat / Dupuy, Pierre-Marie ... [et al.], p. 462-702. - Kehl : N.P. Engel Verlag, 2006 .

ISBN 3-88357-136-9

LANGUAGE: ENG, GER

ABSTRACT: ARTICLES:. 1. Pierre D'Argent: Compliance, cessation, reparation and restitution in the wall advisory opinion. 2. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes: La procedure consultative de la cour internationale de justice et la promotion de la regle de droit: remarques les conditions d'acces et de participation. 3. Lucius Caflisch: Provisional measures in the international protection of human rights:the Mamatkulov case. 4. Giorgio Gaja: The review by the European Court of Human Rights of member states' acts implementing European Union law:"Solange" yet again?. 5. Constance Grewe: Quelques reflexions sur la fonction de juger a partir de l'arret Mamatkulov v. Turquie rendu par la Cour europeenne des droits de l'homme le 4 fevrier 2005. 6. Kay Hailbronner: Der Europäische Haftbefehl und die deutsche Staatsbürgerschaft. 7. Karin Oellers-Frahm: Der Rückritt der USA vom fakultativprotokoll der Konsularrechtskonvention. 8. Stefan Oeter: The international legal order and its judicial function: is there an international community - despite the fragmentation of judicial dispute settlement?. 9. Christoph Schreuer:Shareholder protection in international investment law. 10. Vladen S. Vereshchetin: On the expanding reach of the rulings of the international Court of Justice. 11. Joe Verhoven: Jura novit curia et le juge international. 12. Gerhard Werle: Von der Ablehnung zur Mitgestaltung: Deutschland und das Völkerstrafrecht. 13. Luzius Wildhaber: The execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights: recent developments. 14. Andreas Zimmermann: Two steps forward, one step backwards? - Security FCouncil resolution 1593 (2005) and the Council's power to refer situations to the international criminal court.

INDEX WORDS:
* rådgivande yttrande = advisory opinion = neuvoa-antava mielipide
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* klagomål/besvär = complaints = valitus
* vederlag = restitution = palauttaminen
* ICJ = ICJ = iCJ
* interima åtgärder = interim measures = väliaikaiset toimenpiteet
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* EU-rätt = EU-law = EU-oikeus
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; UN charter (Chapter VII);

 
45. Waiting for justice, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Waiting for justice : the politics of delay in the administration of justice in torture cases : practice, standards and responses /, 49 p.. - London : Redress, 2008.

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* effektiva rättsmedel = effective remedy = tehokas oikeussuojakeino
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin

 
46. Enforcing reparations, 2006
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Enforcing reparations : enforcement of awards for victims of torture and other international crimes /, 91 p.. - London : Redress Trust, 2006.

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* effektiva rättsmedel = effective remedy = tehokas oikeussuojakeino
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* internationella domstolar = international courts = kansainväliset tuomioistuimet
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* tortyroffer = victims of torture = kidutusuhrit
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* CAT Committee = CAT Committee = CAT Committee
* sanningskommissioner = Truth Commissions = totuuskomissiot
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö

NOTE (GENERAL): ECHR; ICCPR; CAT;

 
47. García-Godos, Jemima : Victim reparations in transitional justice, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Victim reparations in transitional justice : what is ar stake and why / García-Godos, Jemima

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Nordisk tidsskrift for menneskerettigheter = Nordic journal of human rights : vol. 26; no. 2., p. 111-130. - Oslo : Universitetsförlaget, 2008. - ISSN 1503-6480

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* offer = victims = uhrit
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* offrets rättigheter = victim's rights = uhrin oikeudet
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): ICC statute;

 
48. Garcia-Godos, Jemima : Victim reparations in transitional justice: what is at stake and why, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Victim reparations in transitional justice: what is at stake and why / Garcia-Godos, Jemima

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Nordisk tidsskrift for menneskerettigheter = Nordic journal of human rights : vol. 26; nr 2., p. 111-130. - Oslo : Universitetsforlaget, 2008. - ISSN 1503-6480

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* offer = victims = uhrit
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): Statute of the ICC;

URL http://www.humanrights.uio.no/forskning/publikasjoner/ntmr/2008/2/sammendrag.html

 
49. Gottlieb, Yaron : Shattered stones, shattered societies, 2005
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Shattered stones, shattered societies : confronting destruction of cultural property in post-transitional societies / Gottlieb, Yaron

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Netherlands quarterly of human rights (NQHR) : vol. 23; no. 4., p. 613-636. - Utrecht : SIM, 2005. - ISSN 0169-3441

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* kulturell egendom = cultural property = kulttuuriomaisuus
* straffrätt = criminal justice = rikosoikeus
* sanningskommissioner = Truth Commissions = totuuskomissiot
* offer = victims = uhrit
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* författning/grundlag = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* islam = Islam = islaminusko

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Cambodia / Afghanistan

URL http://www.nqhr.net/pdf/?articleId=76fc01ec224f0bc2-2d4dfd7396fef80

 
50. Zwanenburg, Marten : The Van Boven/Bassiouni principles, 2006
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The Van Boven/Bassiouni principles : an appraisal / Zwanenburg, Marten

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Netherlands quarterly of human rights (NQHR) : vol. 24; no. 4., p. 641-668. - Utrecht : SIM, 2006. - ISSN 0169-3441

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* rehabilitering av offer = rehabilitation of victims = uhrien kuntouttaminen
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* non-state actors = non-state actors = non-state actors
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions (II);

 
51. Smeulers, Alette (ed.) : Supranational criminology, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Supranational criminology : towards a criminology of international crimes / Smeulers, Alette (ed.) ; Roelof Haveman - (Series supranational criminal law:capita selecta ; vol. 6), xiv, 593 p.. - Antwerp : Intersentia, 2008.

ISBN 978-90-5095-791-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: TABLE OF CONTENTS:. PREFACE. I. CRIMINOLOGY IN A STATE OF DENIAL - TOWARDS A CRIMINOLOGY OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES: SUPRANATIONAL CRIMINOLOGY, Roelof Haveman and Alette Smeulers. 1. Introduction. 2. Th e Harvest of a Century. 3. Pros, Cons and Denial. 4. Tentative Demarcation of the Field of Study of Supranational Criminology. 5. Outline of the Book. 5.1. Defi ning and Conceptualising International Crimes. 5.2.Quantifying and Mapping Crimes. 5.3. The Aetiology of International Crimes. 5.4. The Response to Crime. 5.5. Victimology 5.6. Preventive Strategies. 6. Conclusion. PART I. DEFINE AND CONCEPTUALIZE INTERNATIONAL CRIMES AND STATE CRIME:. II. TOWARDS A CRIMINOLOGY OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES: PRODUCING A CONCEPTUAL AND CONTEXTUAL FRAMEWORK, by David O. Friedrichs. 1. Introduction: Criminology post-Maastricht. 2. Criminology in Transition. 3. International Crime and Supranational Criminology: Terminological Confusion. 4. Crime, Social Harm and Supranational Criminology. 5. A Provisional Genealogy for a Supranational Criminology 6. A Criminology of Genocide, War and Humanitarian Intervention. 7. Supranational Criminology and Related Concerns. 8. On Context: Globalisation, a Postmodern World and the American Empire. 9. The Global Justice Movement and Supranational Crime. 10. International Crime and Global Governance. 11. In Conclusion: An Agenda for a Supranational Criminology. III. TOWARDS AN INTEGRATIVE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES AND STATE-CORPORATE CRIMINALITY: A RECIPROCAL APPROACH TO GROSS HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, by Gregg Barak. 1. Introduction. 2. Political Economy and Nation-State Neutrality. 3. A Critical Taxonomy of International Crimes and State Criminality. 4. Supranational Criminology: An Integrative Perspective. 5. Peacemaking, Non-violence and Social Change. 6. Conclusion. PART II. MEASURE AND MAP INTERNATIONAL CRIMES: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:. IV. MISSING PIECES. SOME THOUGHTS ON THE METHODOLOGY OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES AND OTHER GROSS HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, by Catrien Bijleveld. 1. Introduction. 2. For Studying International Crimes. 3. Particularities and a Research Methodology for International Crimes. 3.1. The Doubly-Dark Number. 3.2. Baseline Data. 3.3. Victim Surveys. 3.4. Security Issues. 3.5. Underreporting/Non-Response. 3.6. Use of Secondary Data. 3.7. Collating Information from Other Sources. 4. Examples. 4.1. Using Capture-Recapture Methods for Studying Prevalence (Number of Victims). 4.2. Integrating Meso and Micro Perspectives through Multilevel Analysis. 5. Discussion and a Research Agenda. V. THE UNACCOUNTABLE GENOCIDE. A CASE STUDY OF THE ROLES OF THE U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT AND U.S. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE IN CALCULATING THE DARFUR DEATH TOLL, by John Hagan. 1. Genocide Accountability. 2. 'Complex Humanitarian Emergencies' and the Population Health Paradigm. 3. The Humanitarian Strategic Embrace. 4. The Atrocities Documentation Survey. 5. Early Findings from the World Health Organization Surveys. 6. A Gathering Consensus. 7. The Consensus Breaks. 8. The Osama Bin Laden Connection. 9. State's New View of Death in Darfur. 10. Re-examining the Surveys. 11. A Complimentary and Combined Approach. 12. The Unaccountability of the Government Accountability Office. 13. A New and Alternative Approach . 14. Some Conclusions. PART III. INVESTIGATE THE CAUSES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES VI. GENOCIDE, WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY IN CENTRAL AFRICA: A CRIMINOLOGICAL EXPLORATION, by Dawn L. Rothe and Christopher W. Mullins. 1. Introduction. 2. Literature Review: State Crime, Crimes of Globalization and State- Corporate Crime Studies. 3. An Integrated The theory of Supranational Crimes. 4. The Social Context and Typical Elements of the Crimes. 4.1. Global Economics. 4.2. Social Disorder. 4.3. Militias. 5. Conclusion. VII. STATE CRIME, THE COLONIAL QUESTION AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, by Chris Cunneen. 1. Introduction: Colonialism and State Crime. 2. Genocide and Mass Murder. 3. The Forced Removal of Indigenous Children. 4. The 'Stolen Generations' Inquiry. 4.1. Deprivation of Liberty. 4.2. Deprivation of Parental Rights. 4.3. Abuses of Power. 4.4. Breach of Duty of Care and Guardianship Duties. 4.5. Violation of International Human Rights Standards. 5. Institutional Racism as a Foundational Harm. 6. Forced Labour and Government Fraud.7. Loss of Civil and Political Rights .8. Aft er State Crime: The Struggle for Reconciliation and Reparation. 8.1. Principles of Reparations. 8.2. Acknowledgment and Apology 8.3. Guarantee against Repetition. 8.4. Measures of Restitution and Rehabilitation. 8.5. Monetary Compensation. 9. Conclusion. VIII. CORPORATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL CRIMES, by Wim Huisman. 1. Introduction. 2. Conceptualisation. 2.1. Corporate Crime. 2.2. State-Corporate Crime. 2.3. International Crimes. 2.3.1. International Crime and International law. 2.3.2. Corporate Accountability for International Crimes 2.4. Discussion . 3. Forms of Involvement. 4. Explanations. 4.1. Corporate Crime Theory. 4.2. Motivation and Neutralisation. 4.2. The Role of the State. 4.3. Globalisation. 5. Conclusion. IX. DESTRUCTIVE BELIEFS: GENOCIDE AND THE ROLE OF IDEOLOGY, by Alex Alvarez. 1. Introduction. 2. Typology of Genocide. 3. Defi ning Ideology. 3.1. Nationalism. 3.2. Past Victimization. 3.3. Dehumanization. 3.4. Scapegoating. 3.5. Absolutist Worldview. 3.6. Utopianism. 4. Conclusions. X. PERPETRATORS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES: TOWARDS A TYPOLOGY, by Alette Smeulers. 1. Introduction. 2. Ordinary People within Extraordinary Circumstances: Setting the Context. 2.1. Consequences and Effects of a Period of Collective Violence. 2.2. Towards a Typology. 3. The Types. 3.1. The Criminal Mastermind. 3.2. The Fanatic. 3.3. The Criminal/Sadist. 3.4. The Profiteer. 3.5. The Careerist. 3.6. The Devoted Warrior. 3.7. Followers and Conformists. 3.8. The Compromised Perpetrator. 3.9. The Professional. 4. How Do the Perpetrators Look Back?. 5. Common Features and Concluding Remarks. XI. A SOCIOLOGY OF TORTURE, by Martha K. Huggins. 1. Introduction. 2. Predicting Torture. 3. Torture 101: A Criminological Model? . 3.1. Mislabelling. 3.2. Ideology 3.3. Ad-hoc legalism . 3.4. Systemic . 3.5. Multiple Actors . 3.7. Insularity and Secrecy . 3.8. Competition Rages . 3.9. Evidence Ignored . 3.10. Impunity is Widespread . 4. Torture and Criminology . 4.1. Conducting On-Line Research. 4.2. Triangulating Data Sources . 4.2.1. Library Catalogues 4.2.2. Criminal Justice Journals and Organizations . 4.2.3. Teaching Torture . 5. Summarizing Findings 5.1. On-Line Books and Journals, Library Catalogues and On-Line Criminology Journals . 5.2. On-Line Criminology-of-Practice Web Sites . . 5.3. Academic Courses . 6. Conclusion: Criminology and Torture . XII. MILITARIZING POWER IN THE WAR ON TERROR: UNLAWFUL ENEMY COMBATANTS AND THE MILITARY COMMISSIONS ACT Michael Welch . 1. Introduction . 2. Monarchical Power in the Classical Age . 3. From Penal Reform to Counter-law . 4. Militarized Penal Power in the War on Terror . 5. Th e MCA: Military Commissions Act of 2006 . 6. Recentralizing the Economy of Penal Power .7. Conclusion PART IV. DEFINE AND ANALYZE WAYS OF DEALING WITH INTERNATIONAL CRIMES XIII. DEALING WITH INTERNATIONAL CRIMES: TOWARDS A CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF ACCOUNTABILITY AND JUSTICE Jennifer Balint . 1. Introduction . 2. 'In the Name of the State'. International Crime and Its Parameters . . 3. Individuals and Institutions. Legal Approaches to International Crime. 4. Civic Liability. Considering Institutional Accountability . 5. A Typology of International Crime? Matching Legal Redress to Specifi c Crimes .6. Reconstruction and Prevention. Justice as Social Justice? . 7. Conclusion . XIV. DEALING WITH THE LEGACY OF MASS VIOLENCE: CHANGING LENSES TO RESTORATIVE JUSTICE Stephan Parmentier, Kris Vanspauwen and Elmar Weitekamp . 1. Introduction . 2. Th e Dominant Approach: Retributive Justice . 2.1. Strengths and Weaknesses of Retributive Justice . . 2.2. Th e Triptych of Criminal Prosecutions . 3. Changing Lenses to Restorative Justice . 3.1. Understanding Mass Violence through Restorative Justice. 3.2. Truth Commissions as Possible Forms of Restorative Mechanisms. 4. Mass Violence and Post-Conflict Justice through a Restorative Lens. 4.1. Searching for Truth. 4.2. Ensuring Accountability of the Perpetrators. 4.3. Providing Reparation to the Victims. 4.4. Promoting Reconciliation. 5. Conclusion. XV. DOING JUSTICE TO GACACA, by Roelof Haveman. 1. A Gacaca. 2. A Research Question. 3. A History of the Genocide. 4. Some Numbers of the Genocide. 5. Gacaca: Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure. 5.1. The Establishment of Gacaca. 5.2. Substantive Criminal Law. 5.2.1. Genocide and Crimes against Humanity: Three Categories. 5.2.2. Three Punishments. 5.3. Criminal Procedure. 5.3.1. Three Levels, Three Phases. 5.3.2. Three Remedies. 5.3.3. Hearing and Judgment. 5.3.4. Confession, Guilty Plea, Repentance, Apology. 5.4. Participative Lay Justice. 6. Judging Gacaca. 6.1. Time and Place Specific. 6.2. Work under Construction. 6.3. Reality versus Theory. 6.4. Rethinking Human Rights. 6.5. A Comparative Approach. 6.6. Goals. 6.7. You're Damned if You Do, You're Damned if You Don't. 7. Epilogue. XVI. 'REASON' AND 'TRUTH' IN INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE - A CRIMINOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF EVIDENCE IN INTERNATIONAL TRIALS, by Uwe Ewald. 1. Introduction: Reason and Evidence in International Criminal Justice. 1.1. Why Should We Understand International Evidence Criminologically?. 1.2. Reason and Evidence - Historical Continuity and Current Diff erences. 2. Baselines of a Conceptual Framework: International Criminal Justice as Part of Public Discourse - 'Truth' and International Evidence. 2.1. Historical Truth and Evidence in International Criminal Justice. 2.2. New Global Security Discourse, Hegemonic Knowledge and Evidence. 2.3. 'Regime of Truth' - Modelling the Operational Practice of International Criminal Justice. 3. Origin of Evidence - Explorative Empirical Findings. 3.1. Evidence, Analysis and Judicial Reasoning. 3.2. Institutional Originators of (Potential) Evidentiary Information. 3.3. Personal Originators: Witnesses and 'Judicial Truth'. 4. Conclusions. PART V. VICTIMOLOGY XVII. VICTIMISATION AND SUPRANATIONAL CRIMINOLOGY, by David Kauzlarich. 1. Introduction. 2. Critical Criminology, State Crime and Supranational Criminology. 3. Types of Victims. 3.1. Direct and Indirect Victims. 3.2. Victims of Forced Obedience . 3.3. Victims of Crimes of Omission. 4. Victim Redress. 5. Conclusion. PART VI. DEVELOP PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES IN ORDER TO PREVENT INTERNATIONAL CRIMES XVIII. THE ROLE OF BYSTANDERS IN RWANDA AND SREBRENICA: LESSONS LEARNED,by Fred Grünfeld. 1. Introduction. 2. The Importance of the Bystander's Role. 3. Knowledge, Ignorance and Indiff erence. 3.1. Indifferent Onlookers. 3.2. Excluded Ignorance. 4. Early warning 4.1. Early Warning in Rwanda. 4.2. Early Warning in Srebrenica. 5. Military Strength and Rules of Engagement for Peacekeepers. 5.1. Rwanda with UNAMIR. 5.2. Srebrenica with UNPROFOR. 5.2.1. Nordbat. 5.2.2. Dutchbat. 5.2.3. No Change of Perception. 6. Right to Protect. 7. Guidelines for Preventive Strategy. Annex 1: Scheme "HURIVIC," Human Rights Violations and Conflict. XIX. INTERNATIONAL CRIMES AND CRIMINOLOGY: AN AGENDA FOR FUTURE RESEARCH, by Alette Smeulers and Roelof Haveman. 1. Introduction. 2. Conceptual and Theoretical Framework. 3. Methodological Clarity and Soundness. 4. Studying International Crimes through a Criminological Framework. 4.1. The Perpetrator. 4.2. Groups, Organisations and States. 4.3. The International Community. 5. Dealing with the Past . 5.1. International Criminal Law and International Criminal Justice . 5.2. Sentencing and Sanctioning. 5.3. The Role of the Victims and Victimology. 5.4. Alternative Means to Deal with the Past. 6. Epilogue. BIBLIOGRAPHY. CONTRIBUTORS AND EDITORS.

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* offer = victims = uhrit
* överstatlig kriminologi = supranational criminology = ylikansallinen kriminologia
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* ursprungsfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* globalisering = globalisation = globalisaatio
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* tidig varning = early warning = aikainen varoitus
* viktimisering = victimization = uhriksi joutuminen

 
52. Continuing the struggle for justice and accountability in Guatemala, 2004
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Continuing the struggle for justice and accountability in Guatemala : making reparations a reality in the Chixoy Dam case /, 88 p.. - Geneva : The Centre for Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), 2004.

ISBN 92-95004-29-9

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* Världsbanken = World Bank = Maailmanpankki
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* skadeståndsskyldighet = liability = korvausvelvollisuus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR;

LIBRARY LOCATION: s COHRE

URL http://www.cohre.org/store/attachments/COHRE%20Guatemala-Chixoy-report.pdf

 
53. Doak, Jonathan : Victims' rights, human rights and criminal justice, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Victims' rights, human rights and criminal justice : reconceiving the role of third parties / Doak, Jonathan, x, 325 p.. - Oxford : Hart publ., 2008.

ISBN 978-1-84113-603-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1 The Evolution of Victims’ Rights. I. The Victim through History. II. The Rebirth of the Victim. III. The Normative Basis for Victims’ Rights. IV. Victims’ Rights and the Adversarial Process. I. Protection from Victimisation. II. Secondary Victimisation. IV. Conclusions. I. Prosecution and Pre-Trial Processes. II. The Trial Process. III. Sentencing. IV. Conclusions I. International Standards. II. The Right to a Remedy in the Domestic Legal Order. III. A Right to Truth?

INDEX WORDS:
* offer = victims = uhrit
* internationell straffrätt = international criminal justice = kansainvälinen rikosoikeus
* rättvis rättegång = fair trial = oikeudenmukainen oikeudenkäynti
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* rätt att deltaga = right to participate = oikeus osallistua
* våldtäkt = rape = raiskaus
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* speciella åtgärder = special measures = erityistoimenpiteet
* viktimisering = victimization = uhriksi joutuminen

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR; ECHR; Vienna declaration on crime and justice;

 
54. De Greiff, Pablo : The handbook of reparations , 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The handbook of reparations / De Greiff, Pablo, xxxiii, 1021 p.. - Oxford : Oxford U.P., 2008.

ISBN 978-0-19-9544570-4

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Contents:. Part I: Case Studies:. 1. Economic Reparations for Grave Human Rights Violations: The Argentine Experience , Maria Jose Guembe 2. The Reparations Policy for Human Rights Violations in Chile , Elizabeth Lira 3. The Reparations Program in Brazil , Ignacio Cano, Patricia Ferreira 4. The Reparations Proposals of the Truth Commissions in El Salvador and Haiti: A History of Non-Compliance , Alex Segovia 5. Overview of the Reparations Program in South Africa , Chris Colvin 6. Reparations in Malawi , Diana Cammack 7. Report on Redress: The Japanese-American Internment , Eric Yamamoto, Liann Ebesugawa 8. Compensation for the Victims of September 11th , Samuel Issacharoff, Anna Morawiec Mansfield 9. The United Nations Compensation Commission , Hans van Houtte, Hans Das and Bart Delmartino 10. German Reparations to the Jews after World War Two: A Turning Point in the History of Reparations , Ariel Colonomos, Andrea Armstrong 11. Making Good Again: Compensation for Nazi Concentration Camp Inmates , John Authers. Part II: Thematic Studies:. 12. Justice and Reparations , Pablo de Greiff 13. Reparations, International Law, and Global Justice: A New Frontier , Richard Falk 14. The Relevance of Inter-American Human Rights Law and Practice to Repairing the Past , Arturo Carrillo 15. Reparations and Civil Litigation: Compensation for Human Rights Violations in Transitional Democracies , Jaime Malamud-Goti, Lucas Grosman 16. Narrowing the Micro and Macro: A Psychological Perspective on Reparations in Societies in Transition , Brandon Hamber 17. Reparations and Mental Health: Psychosocial Interventions towards Healing, Human Agency, and Rethreading Social Realities , M.Brinton Lykes, Marcie Mersky 18. Reparation of Sexual Violence in Democratic Transitions: The Search for Gender Justice , Colleen Duggan Adila M. Abusharaf 19. Financing Reparations Programs: Reflections from International Experience , Alex Segovia 20. Reparations and Microfinance Schemes , Hans Dieter Seibel with Andrea Armstrong. Part III: Primary Documents and Legislation from Case Studies:. 21. Argentina Nunca Mas: The Report of the Argentine National Commission on the Disappeared. Part VI: Recommendations and Conclusions, 'Recommendations':. Law 23.466, Pensions for the Families of Disappeared Persons (October 30, 1986) National Decree 1.228/87, Regulations for Law 23.466 on Pensions for Children under Age with Disappeared Parents (July 30, 1987) National Decree 70/91, Decree of Necessity and Urgency on Benefits for Detainees under the Jurisdiction of the National Executive Branch when Martial Law was in Force (January 10, 1991) Law 24.043, Benefits Awarded to Persons under the Jurisdiction of the National Executive Branch during Martial Law (November 27, 1991) Decree 205/97, Regulations for Law 24.043 Law 24.321, Forced Disappearance of People (May 11, 1994) Law 24.411, Absence by Forced Disappearance (December 7, 1994) National Decree 403/95, Decree of Regulations for the Law of Absence by Forced Disappearance (August 29, 1995) Law 24.823, Forced Disappearance of People (May 7, 1997) Law 25.914, Human Rights (August 30, 2004) 22. Chile Law 19.123, Establishes the Creation of the National Corporation for Reparations and Reconciliation and Awards Benefits to those Persons here Specified (February 8, 1992) Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation, Part Four, Chapter One: Proposals for Reparation 23. Brazil Law 9.140 (December 4, 1995) 24. El Salvador From Madness to Hope: the 12-year war in El Salvador: Report of the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, V. Recommendations, 'Steps Towards National Reconciliation' 25. Haiti Report of the National Truth and Justice Commission, Chapter VIII: Recommendations, 'Measures of Reparation' 26. South Africa Act 95-34, Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act 1995 (July 26, 1995) Azanian Peoples Organisation (AZAPO) and others v. President of the Republic of South Africa, Constitutional Court (July 27, 1996) Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report, Volume Five, Chapter Five: Reparation and Rehabilitation Policy Regulation 1660, Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act, 1995 (Act 34/95): Regulations Regarding Reparation to Victims (November 12, 2003) LS Newsletter 27. Malawi Constitution of the Republic of Malawi, Chapter XIII, 'National Compensation Tribunal' National Compensation Tribunal (Procedure and Rules 1997) 28. US: Japanese-American Internment Civil Liberties Act of 1988 Amendment to the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 to increase the authorization for the Trust Fund under that Act 29. US: September 11, 2001 Public Law 107-42, Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act (September 22, 2001) Code of Federal Regulations, Title 28, Chapter I, Part 104, 'September 11th Victim Compensation Fund of 2001' 30. Germany: Jewish Victims of the Holocaust Luxembourg Agreement and associated documents Federal Compensation Law 1956 Second Law to Amend the Federal Compensation Law 1965 31. Germany: Forced and Slave Labor Federal Law on the Creation of a Foundation, "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" (August 2, 2000) Property Claims Commission, Supplemental Principles and Rules of Procedure

INDEX WORDS:
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* sanningskommissioner = Truth Commissions = totuuskomissiot
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* tvångsarbete = forced labour = pakkotyö
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* offer = victims = uhrit
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* terror = terror = terrori
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* kvinnor = women = naiset
* judeförintelsen = holocaust = juutalaisvaino

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Afghanistan / Angola / Argentina / Austria / Chile / Bosnia-Herzegovina / Brazil / Burundi / Cambodia / East Timor / El Salvador / Guatemala / Iraq / Kuwait / Lagos / Malawi / Mozambique / Nicaragua / Peru / Russian Federation / Rwanda / South Africa / Ukraine / Uruguay / USA / Venezueal

 
55. Tomuschat, Christian : Human rights, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Human rights : between idealism and realism / Tomuschat, Christian. - 2. ed.., xlix, 414 p.. - Oxford : Oxford U. P. Oxford U. P., 2008.

ISBN 978-0-19-923274-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* abort = abortion = abortti
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* barn = children = lapset
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* motåtgärder = countermeasures = vastatoimet
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* diplomatiskt skydd = diplomatic protection = diplomaattinen suoja
* rätt till en sund miljö = right to environmental quality = oikeus puhtaaseen ympäristöön
* verkställande = enforcement = voimaansaattaminen
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* EU = EU = EU
* rapporter = state reports = raportit
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* individuella klagomål = individual complaints = yksilövalitus
* hybridtribunaler = hybrid tribunals = sekatribunaalit
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* intern konflikt = internal conflict = sisäinen selkkaus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* reservationer = reservations = varaumat
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* slaveri = slavery = orjuus
* Specialdomstolen för Sierra Leone = Special Court for Sierra Leone = Sierra Leonen erityistuomioistuin
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* multinationella bolag = transnational corporations (TNC) = monikansalliset yritykset
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* WTO = WTO = WTO
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* CERD Committee = CERD Committee = CERD Committee
* CAT Committee = CAT Committee = CAT Committee
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* nationell rätt = national law = kansallinen oikeus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Belgium / Burundi / Czech Republic / Dominican Republic / France / Germany / Greece / India / Ireland / Pakistan / Portugal / Russian Federation / South Africa / USSR / Spain / United Kingdom / USA

NOTE (GENERAL): Treaty of Versailles; ICJ statute; ADRD; Genocide convention; Geneva conventions; ECHRP-1; ESC; CERD; CEDAW; ICESCR; ICCPR; ICCPR-OP; AMR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties;

 
56. Knoll, Bernhard : The legal status of territories subject to administration by international organisations, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The legal status of territories subject to administration by international organisations / Knoll, Bernhard, xxxiv, 519 p.. - Cambridge : Cambridge U. P., 2008.

ISBN 978-0-521-88583-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. Introduction; 1. Creation of internationalised territories. 2. Fiduciary administration: mandates, trust and the transitory sovereignty vacuum. 3. Self-determination and the personality of internationalised territories. 4. ‘The King’s Two Bodies’: the dual functions of international administrations. 5. Extent of UN-authority in Kosovo and the problem of an open-ended institution-building mandate. 6. The status process. 7. An anomalous legitimacy cycle. 8. Properties of a transitory legal order. 9. Concluding appraisal.

INDEX WORDS:
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* väpnade styrkor = armed forces = asevoimat
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* EU = EU = EU
* rättvis rättegång = fair trial = oikeudenmukainen oikeudenkäynti
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* IMF = IMF = IMF
* rättslig prövning = judicial review = oikeudellinen harkinta
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* PLO = PLO = PLO
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Austria / Bosnia-Herzegovina / East Timor / Germany / palestine / South Africa / United Kingdom / USA

LOCAL GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Kosovo

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter (Chap. VII);

URL http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521885836

 
57. Mallinder, Louise : Amnesty, human rights and political transitions, 2008
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Amnesty, human rights and political transitions : bridging the peace and justice divide / Mallinder, Louise - (Studies in international law ; vol. 21), xlvi, 586 p.. - Oxford : Hart, 2008.

ISBN 978-1-84113-771-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. Part I: Amnesties and Peacemaking: Context and Content:. 1. Enacting Amnesties. 2. Whom do Amnesties Protect? The Personal Jurisdiction of Amnesty Laws. 3. Granting Immunity? The Material Scope of Amnesty Laws. 4. Towards Greater Accountability: The Role of Conditional Amnesties. Part II: Approach of Courts to Amnesties:. 5. Implementing the Amnesty: The Approach of National Courts. 6. International Courts and National Amnesty Laws. 7. Beyond Territoriality: Transnational Prosecutions and Amnesties. Part III: Views of Stakeholder Groups:. 8. Legal Obligations v Self-interest: The Contradictory Approach of International Actors to Amnesty. 9. Prioritising Needs: Amnesties and the Views of Victims. 10. Promoting Participation: Making Amnesties Attractive to the Targeted Groups.

INDEX WORDS:
* ansvarighet = accountability = vastuullisuus
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* barnsoldater = child soldiers = lapsisotilaat
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* internationella domstolar = international courts = kansainväliset tuomioistuimet
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* nedrustning = disarmament = aseidenriisunta
* val = elections = vaalit
* rättvis rättegång = fair trial = oikeudenmukainen oikeudenkäynti
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* kombattant = combatant = taistelija
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* hybridtribunaler = hybrid tribunals = sekatribunaalit
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* tolkning = interpretation = tulkinta
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* non-state actors = non-state actors = non-state actors
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* Specialdomstolen för Sierra Leone = Special Court for Sierra Leone = Sierra Leonen erityistuomioistuin
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* Världsbanken = World Bank = Maailmanpankki

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Afghanistan / ALbania / Algeria / Angola / Argentina / Austria / Belgium / Benin / Bosnia-Herzegovina / Brazil / Bulgaria / Burma / Burundi / Cambodia / Chand / Chile / Colombia / Congo / Egypt / El Salvador / Eritea / Ethiopia / France / Gambia / Gerogia / Germany / Ghana / Greece / Guatemala / Guinea / haiti / Hungary / India / Indonesia / Iran / Iraq / Israel / Italy / japan / Kyrgyzstan / Lebanon / Lesotho / Madagascar / Malawi / Mauritania / Moldova / Morocco / Mozambique / New Caledonia / Nicaragua / Niger / Nigeria / Northern Ireland / Uganda / Panama / Peru / Pakistan / Papua New Guinea / Philippines / poland / Saudi Arabia / Sierra Leone / Slovakia / Somalia / South Africa / Spain / Sri Lanka / Tajikistan / Tanzania / Togo / Turkey / Uganda / Uruguay / Viet nam / Yemen / Yugoslavia / Zaire / Zimbabwe

NOTE (GENERAL): Dayton peace agreement; ACHPR; AMR; ADRD; UN charter; Convention for the protection of all persons from enforced disappearance; Genocide convention; Refugee convention; ECHR; Geneva conventions; Inter-American convention on forced disappearance of persons; ICESCR; ICCPR; CRC-OP; ICC statute; UDHR; Vienna convention onthe law of treaties; CAT;

 
58. Bonafe, Beatrice I. : The relationship between state and individual responsibility for international crimes, 2009
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The relationship between state and individual responsibility for international crimes / Bonafe, Beatrice I., xii, 281 p.. - Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 2009.

ISBN 978-90-04-17331-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Contents:. PART I: GENERAL APPROACHES TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STATE AND INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR INTERNATIONAL CRIMES:. 1. The general framework of the relationship between state and individual responsibility for international crimes. 2. Theoretical approaches to the relationship between state and individual responsibility for international crimes. PART II: THE OVERLAP BETWEEN STATE AND INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR INTERNATIONAL CRIMES IN INTERNATIONAL PRACTICE:. 3. The overlap of the material element: the seriousness requirement. 4. The overlap of the psychological element : mens rea v. fault. 5. Defences and circumstances precluding wrongfulness. 6. Ascribing responsibility for collective crimes : modes of liability. 7. Establishing state and individual responsibility for international crimes. PART III : THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STATE AND INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR INTERNATIONAL CRIMES:. 8. Complementarity between state and individual responsibility for international crimes. 9. Towards a dual responsibility paradigm?

INDEX WORDS:
* aggression = aggression = hyökkäys
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* personligt straffansvar = individual criminal responsibility = yksilöllinen rikosvastuu

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; Nuremberg charter; ICC statute; ICTR statute;

URL http://www.brill.nl/default.aspx?partid=210&pid=31533

 
59. McCormack, Timothy L. H. (gen.ed.) : Yearbook of international humanitarian law, 2009
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Yearbook of international humanitarian law : vol. 10, 2007 / McCormack, Timothy L. H. (gen.ed.) ; Kleffner, Jann K., xvi, 572 p.. - The Hague : T. M. C. Asser Press, 2009. - ISSN 1389-1359

ISBN 978-90-6704-270-3

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Contents:. Part I. Articles:. 1. Humanitarian law and literature: from Utopia to slaughterhouse-five, by Ove Bring. 2. The implementation of international humanitarian law: current and inherent challenges, by Marco Sassoli. 3. The use of white phosphorus and the law of war, by I. J. MacLeod and A. P. V. Rogers. 4. The return of the law of occupation, by Marten Zwanenburg. Part II. Current Developments:. 5. International criminal courts round up, by Amna Guellai and Enrique Carnero Rojo. 6. Update on United States military commission, by Sarah Finnin. 7. An appraisal of US practice relating to 'enemy combatants', by Gabor Rona. 8. The 'long year': emerging international efforts to address the humanitarian impacts of cluster munitions, 2006–2007, by John Borrie. Part III. Correspondents' Reports:. 9. A guide to state practice concerning international humanitarian law. Part IV. Documentation:. 10. Classification scheme; 11. Bibliography 2006–2007.

INDEX WORDS:
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* internationell straffrätt = international criminal justice = kansainvälinen rikosoikeus
* ockupation = occupation = miehitys
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions;

URL http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9789067042703

 
60. Ferstman, Carla (ed.) : Reparations for victims of genocide and crimes against humanity, 2009
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Reparations for victims of genocide and crimes against humanity : systems in place and systems in the making / Ferstman, Carla (ed.) ; Goetz, Mariana ; Stephens, Alan, vii, 575 p.. - Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 2009.

ISBN 978-90-04-17449-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Preface (Judge Elizabeth Odio Benito). Introduction, (Carla Ferstman, Mariana Goetz and Alan Stephens). Part I: Reparations for Victims – Key Themes and Concepts:. 1. Victims’ Rights to a Remedy and Reparation: the New United Nations Principles and Guidelines (Professor Theo Van Boven); 2. Reparation Programmes: A Gendered Perspective (Anne Saris and Katherine Lofts); 3. Massive Trauma and the Healing Role of Reparative Justice (Yael Danieli, Ph.D.). Part II: Reparations and the Holocaust:. 4. The Claims Conference and the Historic Jewish Efforts for Holocaust-Related Compensation and Restitution (Gideon Taylor, Greg Schneider and Saul Kagan); 5. The Swiss Banks Holocaust Settlement (Judah Gribetz and Shari C. Reig). Part III: The Internationalised Context of ‘Mass Claims’:. 6. Overcoming Evidentiary Weaknesses in Reparation Claims Programmes - The Mass Claims Context (Heike Niebergall); 7. International Mass Claims Processes and the ICC Trust Fund for Victims (Edda Kristjánsdóttir); 8. The United Nations Compensation Commission (Linda A. Taylor). Part IV: Reparations and International and Regional Courts:. 9. Bringing Justice to Victims? Responses of Regional and International Human Rights Courts and Treaty Bodies to Mass Violations (Dr. Lutz Oette); 10. The Concepts of ‘Injured Party’ and ‘Victim’ of Gross Human Rights Violations in the Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: A Commentary on their Implications for Reparations (Clara Sandoval-Villalba); 11. Reparation for Gross Violations of Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law at the International Court of Justice (Conor McCarthy); 12. Reparations and the International Criminal Court (Carla Ferstman and Mariana Goetz). Part V: Pursuing Extraterritorial Reparations Claims – Lawyers’ Perspectives:. 13. The Prosecution of International Crimes and the Role of Victims’ Lawyers (Luc Walleyn); 14. Compensation for the Victims of Chemical Warfare in Iraq and Iran (Liesbeth Zegveld); Part VI: Reparations in National (Territorial) Contexts: 15. Reparations and Victim Participation: A Look at the Truth Commission Experience (Cristián Correa, Julie Guillerot and Lisa Magarrell); 16. The Argentinean Reparations Programme for Grave Violations of Human Rights Perpetrated During the Last Military Dictatorship (1976-1983) (Andrea Gualde and Natalia Luterstein); 17. Reparations for Victims in Colombia: Colombia´s Law on Justice and Peace (Julián Guerrero Orozco and Mariana Goetz); 18. Policy Challenges for Property Restitution in Transition - The Example of Iraq (Peter Van der Auweraert); 19. Reparations in Dayton’s Bosnia and Herzegovina (Carla Ferstman and Sheri P. Rosenberg); 20. Goats & Graves: Reparations in Rwanda’s Community Courts (Lars Waldorf); 21. Still Not Talking: The South African Government's Exclusive Reparations Rolicy and the Impact of the R30,000 Financial Reparations on Survivors (Oupa Makhalemele); Conclusions.

INDEX WORDS:
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* kemiska vapen = chemical weapons = kemialliset aseet
* barnsoldater = child soldiers = lapsisotilaat
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* utveckling = development = kehitys
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* klagomål/besvär = complaints = valitus
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* ursprungsfolk = indigenous populations = alkuperäiskansat
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* HIV/AIDS = HIV/AIDS = HIV/AIDS
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* militär = military = sotaväki
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* våldtäkt = rape = raiskaus
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* offer = victims = uhrit
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* CAT Committee = CAT Committee = CAT Committee

NOTE (GENERAL): ACHPR; AMR; CERD; CEDAW; ECHR; Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; International convention for the protection of all persons from enforced disappearance; ICCPR; ICCPR-OP; Nairobi declaration on women's and girls' right to a remedy and reparation; ICC statute; UDHR; CAT;

URL http://www.brill.nl/default.aspx?partid=210&pid=28759

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24.11.1999