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31. Black, Cyril E : The relevance of theories of modernization for normative and institutional efforts at the control of intervention., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The relevance of theories of modernization for normative and institutional efforts at the control of intervention. / Black, Cyril E

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 53-69. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

 
32. Gurr, Ted Robert : The relevance of theories of internal violence for the control of intervention., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The relevance of theories of internal violence for the control of intervention. / Gurr, Ted Robert

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 70-91. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* våld = violence = väkivalta
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: USA : 6357

 
33. Burton, John W. : The relevance of behavioral theories of the international system., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The relevance of behavioral theories of the international system. / Burton, John W.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 92-110. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

 
34. Young, Oran R. : Systemic bases of intervention., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Systemic bases of intervention. / Young, Oran R.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 111-126. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

 
35. Rosenau, James N. : Foreign intervention as adaptive behavior., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Foreign intervention as adaptive behavior. / Rosenau, James N.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 129-151. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

 
36. Reveley III, Taylor W. : Constitutional aspects of united states participation in foreign internal conflicts., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Constitutional aspects of united states participation in foreign internal conflicts. / Reveley III, Taylor W.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 152-189. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* grundlag/författning = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: USA : 6357

 
37. Brown Firmage, Edwin : The "war of national liberation and the third world, 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The "war of national liberation and the third world / Brown Firmage, Edwin

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 304-347. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* befrielsekrig = war of liberation = vapaussota
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* våld = violence = väkivalta
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* u-länder = developing countries = kehitysmaat
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus

 
38. Cohen, Jerome Alan : China and intervention, 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

China and intervention : theory and practice / Cohen, Jerome Alan

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 348-379. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* non-intervention = non-intervention = puuttumattomuusperiaate
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: China : 7117

NOTE (GENERAL): U N charter

 
39. Butler, William E. : Soviet attitude toward intervention, 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Soviet attitude toward intervention / Butler, William E.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 380-398. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* intervention = intervention = interventio
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: USSR : 8150

 
40. Schachter, Oscar : The United Nations and internal conflict, 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The United Nations and internal conflict / Schachter, Oscar

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 401-445. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* UN = FN = YK
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

NOTE (GENERAL): U N charter

 
41. Schwebel, Stephen M. : Wars of liberation - as tought in U.N. organs., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Wars of liberation - as tought in U.N. organs. / Schwebel, Stephen M.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 446-457. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* befrielsekrig = war of liberation = vapaussota
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* UN = FN = YK
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* kolonisation = colonization = siirtokunnan perustaminen

 
42. Frey - Wouters : The relevance of regional arrangements to internal conflicts in the developing world., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The relevance of regional arrangements to internal conflicts in the developing world. / Frey - Wouters

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 458-496. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* u-länder = developing countries = kehitysmaat
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt
* intervention = intervention = interventio

 
43. Taubenfeld, Howard J. : The applicability of the laws of war in civil war., 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The applicability of the laws of war in civil war. / Taubenfeld, Howard J.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 499-517. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* UN = FN = YK
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

 
44. Baxter, Richard R. : Ius in bello interno, 1974
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Ius in bello interno : the present and future law / Baxter, Richard R.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Law and civil war in the modern world / Norton Moore, J. (ed.), p. 518-536. - Baltimore : The John Hopkins U. P., 1974.

ISBN 0801815983

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* krigets lagar = laws of war = sodan oikeussäännöt

 
45. Benitez Manaut, Raul : La teoria militar y la guerra civil en El Salvador, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

La teoria militar y la guerra civil en El Salvador / Benitez Manaut, Raul, 365 p.. - San Salvador : UCA Editores, 1989.

ISBN 84-8405-123-4

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The revolutionary movement in El Salvador and the eight years long civil war have bacome one of the most important phenomens on Latin America. This study aims to analyze them, trying to fill some gaps present in other studies, especially the military theory. The book gives the clasical military theory since Clausewitz, completes it with the experiences of Latin America, after which the author analyzes on this basis the civil war of El Salvador. The book also contains in a systematic manner the statistic information concerning the Salvadoran civil war.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* militarism = militarism = militarismi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

 
46. Hannikainen, Lauri : The implementation of international humanitarian law in Finland., 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The implementation of international humanitarian law in Finland. / Hannikainen, Lauri ; Rosas, Allan

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: International human rights norms in domestic law / Rosas, A. (ed.), p. 264-294. - Helsinki : Finnish Lawyers publ. comp., 1990 .

ISBN 951 640 509 6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* människorättskonventioner = human rights conventions = ihmisoikeussopimukset
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* civiltjänstgöring = conscientious objection = siviilipalvelus
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* undantagslag = emergency act = hätätilalaki
* straffrätt = criminal justice = rikosoikeus
* militär = military = sotaväki
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* regionala dokument = regional instruments = alueelliset asiakirjat

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Finland : 8222

NOTE (GENERAL): Hague Conventions; Geneva Conventions; ECHR; Nuremberg charter USED FOR Nürnberg charter; ;

 
47. Marin, Raul : La paz gana espacios, 1991
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

La paz gana espacios / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 9(79)., p. 12-13. - Managua : CRIES, 1991.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The article deals with the s.c."Communities of resistance" formes by the members of the people of Ixil by the Lake of Atitlan, in Guatemala. The population has risen to civil resistance instead of abandoning their lands, instead of the attacks of the Guatemalan armed formes, which accuse them being colaborators of the gerrillas.The procurator for human rights has studied the possibilities to accept these communities as a parcial peace plan, and as a step towards the end of the civil war fought in Guatemala for more than 20 years.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* etniska minoriteter = ethnic minorities = etniset vähemmistöt
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
48. Johnson, Douglas H. : The Southern Sudan, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The Southern Sudan / Johnson, Douglas H. - (MRG report ; No. 78), 11 p.. - London : Minority Rights Group, 1988.

ISBN 008 030 8317

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* minoriteter = minorities = vähemmistöt
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* självständighet = independence = itsenäisyys

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Sudan / East Africa : 5259

 
49. Hannikainen, Lauri : The Finnish civil war 1918 and its aftermath, 1992
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The Finnish civil war 1918 and its aftermath / Hannikainen, Lauri

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Implementing humanitarian law applicable in armed conflicts : the case of Finland / Hannikainen, L.; Hanski, R.; Rosas, A. (eds.), p. 8-40. - Dordrecht : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 1992.

ISBN 0 7923 1611 8

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* självständighet = independence = itsenäisyys
* fångläger = prison camps = vankileirit
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* terror = terror = terrori

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Finland : 8222

NOTE (GENERAL): Hague conventions; St.Petersburg declaration; Geneva conventions

 
50. Bernhardt, Rudolf : Encyclopedia of public international law (EPIL), 1992
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Encyclopedia of public international law (EPIL) / Bernhardt, Rudolf ; Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law - Amsterdam : Elsevier Science publ., 1992.

ISBN 0-444-86244-7

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Vol. I : Aaland Islands to Dumbarton Oaks conference (1944)

INDEX WORDS:
* utlänningar = aliens/non-citizens = ulkomaalaiset
* finlandssvenskar = Swedish-speaking Finns = suomenruotsalaiset
* EG = EC = EY
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* internationella domstolar = international courts = kansainväliset tuomioistuimet
* barnets rättigheter = rights of the child = lapsen oikeudet
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* kulturell egendom = cultural property = kulttuuriomaisuus
* utnyttjande av barn = exploitation of children = lasten hyväksikäyttö
* självstyrelse = self-government = itsehallinto
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): ACHPR; ECHR; CRC; ESC

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

 
51. Gordon R., Sara : Crisis politica y guerra en El Salvador, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Crisis politica y guerra en El Salvador / Gordon R., Sara, 347 p.. - Mexico : Siglo veintiuno editores, sa de cv, 1989.

ISBN 968-23-1524-7

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: During the 70ies in El Salvador surged a profound political crisis.The huge insurrectional popular movement, which reached it's highest activity during 1979-1980, was masacred, and the conflict started, forming one of the main elements of the crisis in Central America - on the side of Nicaragua - increasing the US involvement.After ten years of civil war, many of the factors which caused the war, have not been resolved.Trying to give an explenation to why and how the ways to a peaceful negociated solution are blocked in a society, the author makeees a minuscious analysis of the development of the political crisis in El Salvador, combining the historical perspective and the analysis of the political tendencies.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

 
52. Burbach, Roger; Nunez, Orlando : Legacy of the Reagan decade: Central America and beyond, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Legacy of the Reagan decade: Central America and beyond / Burbach, Roger; Nunez, Orlando

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Strategic perspectives : 1., p. 3-35 . - Berkeley : Center for the Study of the Americas CENSA, 1990.

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: After a decade of social and political upheaval, the conflict in the Central American isthmus is entering a new stage.The strategic defeat of the contras and the survival of the Sandinista government in Nicaragua; the demise of Jose Napoleon Duarte and the gerrilla offensive in El Salvador; the growing social tensions in Honduras due to the presence of the US military and the contra forces - these developments have permanently altered the political and social terrain of the entire isthmus and have places the region on a new threshold as we enter the 1990s.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* antisubversiv verksamhet = counterinsurgency = kumouksen vastainen strategia
* lågintensitetskonflikt = low intensity conflict = matalan tehon sota

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Central America / Latin America : 6200

 
53. Crisis Centroamericana, Esquipulas II y Proceso de Democratizacion en El Salvador: Las elecciones 1988 como ejemplo concreto, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Crisis Centroamericana, Esquipulas II y Proceso de Democratizacion en El Salvador: Las elecciones 1988 como ejemplo concreto /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Estado, democratizacion y desarrollo en Centroamerica y Panama

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Cuadernos de ciencias sociales : 1. - San Salvador : Universidad de El Salvador, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The author analyses, referring to the Esquipulas II agreement signed by the Centralamerican presidents in 1987, the situation of the democratization and peace process in El Salvador.He claimes the elections being used only as a pretext to show the democratization process going forwards, and demands that El Salvador should abandon the low intensity conflict strategy imposed by the United States.The negociated solution should be based on wide political consensus, and the social forces, as well as the political parties, including FMLN-FDR should reorganize themselves.And the Salvadoran armed forces should be reformed and have a new king of role inside the democratization process.

INDEX WORDS:
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
54. Dinstein, Yoram : War, aggression and self-defence, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

War, aggression and self-defence / Dinstein, Yoram, 30, 292 p.. - Cambridge : Grotius, 1988.

ISBN 0 949 009 15 6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* krigsfångar = prisoners of war = sotavangit
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Finland : 8222

LIBRARY LOCATION: IRIS

 
55. Bourgois, Philippe; Hale, Charles : La Costa Atlantica de Nicaragua, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

La Costa Atlantica de Nicaragua / Bourgois, Philippe; Hale, Charles

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Estudios Centroamericanos (ECA) : 54 ., p. 157-183. - Costa Rica, 1990. - ISSN 0303-9676

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The authors aim to analyse the complexity of the Nicaraguan Atlantic Coast, referring to the situation of the indigenous population, foremost the Misquitos, involved in the armed conflict during the Sandinista regime on the side of the contras.

INDEX WORDS:
* etniska minoriteter = ethnic minorities = etniset vähemmistöt
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
56. North, Liisa L. : Democratization in El Salvador: illusion or reality?, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Democratization in El Salvador: illusion or reality? / North, Liisa L.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Central America, democracy, development, and change. - p. 7-20 - New York : Praeger Publishers, 1988.

ISBN 0-275-93049-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: North analyses in her article the Salvadoran democracy during the years of Cristian Democratic Duarte government.She observes the US aid given to the country, it being the third biggest aid receiver in 1987, yet the economic crisis has not been resolved.North claims that democracy has not been improving, and the human rights situation remains dreadful.The army and the security forces have been increasing from 16000 men to 57000 men, in seven years, and the militarization of the Salvadoran society contradicts strongly the possibilities of progress toward democratization.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* antisubversiv verksamhet = counterinsurgency = kumouksen vastainen strategia
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* lågintensitetskonflikt = low intensity conflict = matalan tehon sota

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

 
57. Clements, Charles : Militarization, US aid, and the failure of development in El Salvador, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Militarization, US aid, and the failure of development in El Salvador / Clements, Charles

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Central America, democracy, development, and change. - p. 121-134 - New York : Praeger Publishers, 1988.

ISBN 0-275-93049-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: In his article Clements observes the effects of the US aiod given to El Salvador during the 80s.Using as an example the FMLN's attack on the garrison El Paraiso in 1987, he demonstrates how effectively the small gerrilla forces can act against the US supported, trained and advised governmental forces.The article claims that the Salvadoran conflict is not a conflict between East and West but between North and South, and can only be resolved if the causes that led to the war, shall be resolved.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* antisubversiv verksamhet = counterinsurgency = kumouksen vastainen strategia
* lågintensitetskonflikt = low intensity conflict = matalan tehon sota
* revolution = revolution = vallankumous

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

 
58. The civilian toll 1986-1987, 1987
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The civilian toll 1986-1987 : ninth supplement to the report on human rights in El Salvador / ; Americas Watch, 325 p.. - New York : Americas Watch Committee, 1987.

ISBN 0-938579-35-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Civilian continue to suffer grievously from attacks by both sides in the eight-year conflict between the armed forces and the FMLN gerrillas in El Salvador.Accodring to this new report: "The army buys or pressures civilian to serve as informers; the FMLN, with or without warning, summarily executes them.The FMLN recruits peasants for a few days' work for the gerrillas, and the army captures and kills them.The army tries to expand into heretofore FMLN-controlled zones with its counterinsrugency programs; the FMLN detains mayors perceived to be cooperating with the army.The FMLN wins over civilian communities and the Army tries to dislodge the gerrillas through arrests and abusive treatment of those perceived to be their sympathizers."

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

 
59. A year of reckoning El Salvador a decade after the assassination of Archbishop Romero, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

A year of reckoning El Salvador a decade after the assassination of Archbishop Romero / ; Americas Watch, 200 p.. - New York : Americas Watch Committee, 1990 .

ISBN 0-929692-50-0

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Ten years after the assassination of the Archbishop Romero, human rights conditions in El Salvador have deteriorated to their worst levels since the early 1980s, illustrating the failure of US human rights policy in El Salvador throughout the decade.This report details a wide range of violationws by both the Salvadoran Armed Forces and the FMLN during 1989, and also provides a summary of human rights abuses in El Salvador in the last decade.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

 
60. Nightmare revisited 1987-88.Tenth supplement to the report on human rights in El Salvador, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Nightmare revisited 1987-88.Tenth supplement to the report on human rights in El Salvador / ; Americas Watch, 91 p.. - New York : Americas Watch Committee, 1988.

ISBN 0-929692-03-9

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: In this report Americas Watch states that murders of civilians in El Salvador for political reasons are once again on the increase.Violent abuses by the Army, death squads and the FMLN have intensified so dramatically in the first year covered by the Central American Peace Plan that many observers, ranging from the Catholic Church to the government's own human rights commission, see a return to the terror of the early 1980's. Americas Watch calles on the United States to make clear to the Salvadoran high command that Washington will no continue funding the Salvadoran military unless government and death squad violence is ended and those responsible for the coninuing violations are brought to justice.In addition, Americas Watch calls on the FMLN to end its practice of executing alleged informers or suspected army collaborators, and to take effective measures to reduce the number of civilian casualties resulting from the use of landmines.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

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24.11.1999