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1. Weil, Pierre : The art of living in peace, 2002
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The art of living in peace : guide to education for a culture of peace / Weil, Pierre, 122 p.. - Paris : UNESCO, 2002.

ISBN 92-3-103804-4

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS: Introduction. Introduction to the second edition. PART ONE : Preliminary consideration on the methodology. PART TWO : The paradigm shift in science and its influence on education for peace. Chapter 1: Peace. A fragmentary vision of peace. A holistic vision of peace. Chapter 2: Education. The fragmented view of education. The holistic view of education. Chapter 3: Towards a holistic view of education for peace. Methods of education. PART THREE: Training others in the art of living in peace. Chapter 1: The art of living in peace with oneself. The destruction of peace process. Methods of education. The awakening and development of inner peace. Methods of education. Chapter 2: The art of living in peace with others. Pathogenic consensus and social expression of energy. Education for peace. Methods of education. Chapter 3: The art of living in peace with the environment. Human nature and nature of the environment. Towards a method of ecological education. Methods of education. Conclusion. Appendices. Venice Declaration. Charter of Transdiciplinarity. Declaration of Human Responsibility for Peace and Sustainable Development. The four pillars of education. Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace. Manifesto 2000 for a culture of peace and non-violence. Some personalities who express the universal values of non-fragmentation and interdependence. UNIPAIX. The author.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsfostran = education for peace = rauhankasvatus
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* hållbar utveckling = sustainable development = kestävä kehitys
* miljöskydd = environmental protection = ympäristönsuojelu

 
2. Pensamiento Propio : Esquipulas IV, la paz posible, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Esquipulas IV, la paz posible / Pensamiento Propio

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 58., p. 11-25. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Esquipulas IV, the peace possible is a serie of articles published by Pensamiento Propio the peace process is presented, from the beginning on the small Panamanian island Contadora to the threaties of Esquipulas II. The series include the chronology of the process, articles of Edwin Saballos, Joan Palomes from the meeting in El Salvador, and chronicles of Ralf Leonhard from the contra-camps in Honduras. The Nicaraguan vice-minister of exterior Miguel de'Escoto gives a view to the eight years of war and about the principles of democracy of his own state, and the Guatemalan ambassador in Nicaragua talks about the importance given by the Guatemalan president Vinicio Cerezo to the Central American Parlament.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Central America / Latin America : 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
3. Pensamiento Propio : Esquipulas IV: Cumbres Borrascosas (Comentario), 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Esquipulas IV: Cumbres Borrascosas (Comentario) / Pensamiento Propio

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 57., p. 1-2. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: A short view on the Peace Process Esquipulas IV, where Gorostiaga takes separately the cases of Nicaragua and El Salvador, talking also about the significance of the International Community for the advancing of the process.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Central America / Latin America : 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
4. Tuennermann B., Carlos : Nicaragua cumplio: ? lo haran los otros?, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Nicaragua cumplio: ? lo haran los otros? / Tuennermann B., Carlos

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 60., p. 12-17. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Carlos Tunnermann observes the peace process in Central America, pointing out that the agreements signed by the five presidents demand reforms in each country. Observing the reforms realized in each country, it can be said, that only Nicaragua has been taken serious steps towards a real democracy. In Nicaragua two important legislative changes have been accomplished: the reform of the electoral legislation, and the establishment of a general law for the media and communication systems. Guatemala is very close to a military coup, and US has been put more pressure on Panama. In El Salvador the repression increases with the right wing ARENA in power.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
5. Leon Talavera, Jose : El consenso tecnico no supera las discrepancias politicas, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

El consenso tecnico no supera las discrepancias politicas / Leon Talavera, Jose

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 60., p. 18-19. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Nicaragua agrees, according to the vicecanciller Jose Leon Talavera, on the international verification of the human rights and the forming of international peace forces of the UN to observe and verificate that not one of the Central American states uses its territory to attack neighbouring states. The canciller thinks that the verification is closely dependent of the political will of the government of the five states.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
6. Pensamiento Propio : El fin de una epoca, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

El fin de una epoca / Pensamiento Propio

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 62., p. 12-14. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: This time there were no helicopters over the US embassy, no frenetic soldiers trying to leave. The event was not as dramatic as the leaving of the US in Saigon. But the results of the reunion of the five presidents in Tela in the first days of August, have the same historical taste and they also mean the losing of the game for the United States. The agreements of Tela have been named as the second act of independence, and this is true, many things must have been happen in the region before the countries have come to such a grade of mistrust against the United States like they are now.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
7. Leonhard, Ralf Yamales : La expulsion del paraiso, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

La expulsion del paraiso / Leonhard, Ralf Yamales

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 63., p. 40-42. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
8. Codina, Teresa : Guerra de espejos, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Guerra de espejos / Codina, Teresa

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 69., p. 36-37. - Managua, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
9. Marin, Raul : Punto final a Esquipulas, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Punto final a Esquipulas / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 69., p. 22. - Managua, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The sixth reunion of the Central American presidents in Montelimar, Nicaragua, was the final point on the peace plan of Oscar Arias. That the Nicaraguan contras would be demobilized effectively, would be the only concrete result of this reunion. Other themes, like the demilitarisation of the societies, or the democratization of the political systems in each state, are not to be found in the final text full with cortesies and political complements. From now on it can be said, that the round of Esquipulas is closed, and since now only "the club of inversionists" shall be united.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
10. Codina,. Teresa : Una presencia disuasiva, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Una presencia disuasiva / Codina,. Teresa

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio, p. 25. - Managua , 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Latin America : 6245

 
11. Codina, Teresa : Un capitulo de Macondo, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Un capitulo de Macondo / Codina, Teresa

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 70., p. 31. - Managua, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
12. Moya, Jose : Fue empate, no derrota, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Fue empate, no derrota / Moya, Jose

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 70., p. 29-30. - Managua, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Central America / Latin America : 6245 / 6200

 
13. Ungo, Jose Guillermo : El Salvador: dialogo en encubadora, 1985
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

El Salvador: dialogo en encubadora / Ungo, Jose Guillermo

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 21., p. 31-33. - Managua : INVIES, CRIES, 1985.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Jose Guillermo Ungo is known as an important figure of the traditional political life in El Salvador. In 1972 he candidated as the vice-president of Jose Napoleon Duarte, they won, but the Party of National Conciliation, PCN, which was in the power of the militaries, anulated the votes. In 1979 Ungo was a member of the Junta formed by civilian and military members, but this only lasted three months. Since then he is one of the founders and the actual president of the FDR, Democratic Revolutionary Front, and is working in the political diplomatic commission of the FMLN-FDR. In this interview Ungo views the possibilities to continue the dialogue process, which for the moment has been stopped, after the meeting in La Palma and Ayagulo. Ungo thinks that the actitud of the Latin American countries shall be important, as well as the role of the Socialist International and other international friends of the Salvadoran opposition.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
14. Pensamiento Propio : Coyuntura de la negociacion en Centroamerica: logicas confrontadas, 1986
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Coyuntura de la negociacion en Centroamerica: logicas confrontadas / Pensamiento Propio

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 31., p. 3-2. - Managua : INVIES, CRIES, 1986.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The debate among the crisis in Central America - the crisis of the imperialist domination - is going on in Latin America as a political subject, as an own voice who wants to determinate the destiny of the continent. The declaration of Carabelleda, the Contadora Group and the Support Group have been forming a strong basis to detain the traditional "canon policy" of the United States. The last moves towards democratization and opening in Central America show the necessity to open a certain independent space for the five countries, even if the United States keeps considering the region as its "backyard" or the "forth fromt".

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Central America / Latin America : 6200

 
15. Marin, Raul : Guatemala: dialogo en voz baja , 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Guatemala: dialogo en voz baja / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 58., p. 33-34. - Managua, 1989.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: After being retarded for over eight months, nobody really believed that the promised national dialogue would still take place. The process started when the archbishop Rodolfo Quesada Toruno announced to the Commission of National Conciliation the necessity to call a national dialogue, where the government, the armed forces, the political parties, the private enterprises, the trade unions, the popular organizations, the universities and other representative organisms of the society would participate. The goal would be: to reach a broad compromise which guarantee the continuity of the process of democratic transition.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
16. Marin, Raul : Guatemala: Dialogo bajo fuego cruzado, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Guatemala: Dialogo bajo fuego cruzado / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 72., p. 9-10. - Managua, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
17. Marin, Raul : Guatemala: sin lugar para la paz, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Guatemala: sin lugar para la paz / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 69., p. 16-17. - Managua, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The "Oslo agreements" between the National Revolutionary Liberation Front of Guatemala - URNG - and the Commission for National Conciliation open the ways for the dialogue. Yet the war and the violance continue to dominate the Guatemalan society. The eldest of the civil wars in Latin America has lasted more than 30 years. It resulted directly from the cold war, as United States overthrew the reformist president Arbenz in the name of the "struggle against the international communism".

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
18. Ejercito, principal obstaculo para el dialogo y respeto de los derechos humanos, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Ejercito, principal obstaculo para el dialogo y respeto de los derechos humanos /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Enfoprensa : 5., 8. - Guatemala City : Agencia centromaericana de noticias, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: An interview with the director of the Guatemalan Center for investigation and promotion of the Human Rights - CIEPRODH. He estiomates the role of the Guatemalan military forces, claiming that they form the major obstacle for the advance of the national dialogue and the respect of the human rights in Guatemala. He gives some concrete cases of human rights violations committed by the governmental armed forces and security troups, demanding the investigation of the unresolved cases. Speaking about the possibilities of the national dialogue, he points out that the main opposition is to be found inside the Guatemalan army. He also thinks that the national conciliation is the only way to resolve the deepgoing crisis, that no political party alone can resolve it through separate programs.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
19. Buvollen, Hans Petter : Low-intensity warfare and the peace plan in Central America, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Low-intensity warfare and the peace plan in Central America / Buvollen, Hans Petter

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Bulletin of Peace Proposals : No. 20(3)., p. 319-334. - Oslo : SAGE Publications, 1989.

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Central America has been in turmoil for the past decade, mainly due to the succesful Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua and the high priority given by the Reagan Administration to reverse the revolutionary process. Even after the US Congress has provided the contra-revolutionaries with USD 273 million as well as unknown sum for covert action since 1981, the Sandinistas are still in power in Nicaragua. And in El Salvador the gerrilla is still on the offensive, despite heavy US military assistance. Honduras has been converted into a virtual US military base; while Costa Rica, long famous as the country with no military forces, has been drastically militarized during this perios. On the northern end of the subcontinent, Guatemala, with probably the best anti-guerrilla army in Latin America, manages with minor involvement from the United States.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Central America / Latin America : 6200

 
20. FMLN : La Paz una aspiracion del pueblo salvadoreno, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

La Paz una aspiracion del pueblo salvadoreno / FMLN, 46. - El Salvador : Ediciones Liberacion, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Ten peace proposals of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front, El Salvador, from the years of the civil war 1981-1989. In the proposals FMLN-FDR expresses its demands of the necessary reforms to build up a democratic state of El Salvador, and by political negotiations bring an end to the bitter civil war, where already 70 000 civilians have been killed.

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
21. Naciones Unidas / United Nations : Acuerdo sobre Derechos Humanos El Salvador, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Acuerdo sobre Derechos Humanos El Salvador / Naciones Unidas / United Nations - San Jose, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: 26the of July, 1990, the Government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front signed an agreement about the human rights as a part of the peace process and the political dialoge going on since 4ht of April 1990 with United Nations as an intermediate. The agreement is the first which has been signed by the two parts in conflict, and it gets into power only after the other problems being agreed also during the dialoge and peace process of El Salvador.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
22. Marin, Raul : La paz gana espacios, 1991
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

La paz gana espacios / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 9(79)., p. 12-13. - Managua : CRIES, 1991.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The article deals with the s.c."Communities of resistance" formes by the members of the people of Ixil by the Lake of Atitlan, in Guatemala. The population has risen to civil resistance instead of abandoning their lands, instead of the attacks of the Guatemalan armed formes, which accuse them being colaborators of the gerrillas.The procurator for human rights has studied the possibilities to accept these communities as a parcial peace plan, and as a step towards the end of the civil war fought in Guatemala for more than 20 years.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* etniska minoriteter = ethnic minorities = etniset vähemmistöt
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
23. Marin, Raul : Lejos en el horizonte: la paz, 1991
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Lejos en el horizonte: la paz / Marin, Raul

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 9(80)., p. 14-15. - Managua : CRIESS, 1991.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: A commentary of the situation in Guatemala after the peace agreements signed in April 1991 by the government and the URNG guerrilla forces.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
24. Beretta, Gianni : Buscando ser opcion real, 1991
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Buscando ser opcion real / Beretta, Gianni

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 9(80)., p. 26-27. - Managua : CRIES, 1991.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Ruben Zamora, one of the leaders of the Democratic Convergence, is convinced that the time when the government and the guerrilla formes of El Salvador, are going to sign an agreement, while the accusations of the extreme rights against President Criatiani and the military offensives realized by the governmental armed forces and by the guerrilla, are supposed to aim each side at the negotiations table.Zamora wants his political group to become at least the second political force in El Salvador.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
25. La paz navega sin rumbo, 1991
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

La paz navega sin rumbo /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Pensamiento propio : 9(83)., p. 33-35. - Managua : CRIES, 1991.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: For the moment the dialogue between the Guatemalan government and the guerrilla forces are floating.Nobody is able to present a proposal which would bring an end to the civil war fought for over 30 years.Since the peace talks iniciated, the human rights violations have notably increased.The crimes and threaths against religious and popular leaders have dramatically increased.The popular organizations played an active role iniciating the national dialogue, but now feel that they havce been let outside the game.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
26. Sanford : Pobreza, conflicto y esperanza: un momento critico para Centroamerica, 1989
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Pobreza, conflicto y esperanza: un momento critico para Centroamerica / Sanford, 181 p.. - Madrid : Instituto de Cooperacion Iberoamericana Editorial Tecnos, 1989.

ISBN 84-309-1771-3

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: Today, Central America is a place of profound political and academic debate about Latin America.The possible alternatives for a solution to the region within prolonged national conflicts, which, in many cases has been interpreted as a result of the east-west-conflict - which again, is all the time weaker, have been discussed on different international forums. The Sanford Commission, formed by centralamerican, european, northamerican and japanese cientists, aimes to find degociated ways from the multilateral point of view.Its 47 members represent wide social, economic and academic sectors, and the presence of the centralamerican guarantees, that the work of the commission does not have the character of extraregional imposement, but works within and for the region.

INDEX WORDS:
* rätt till utveckling = right to development = oikeus kehitykseen
* konflikter = conflicts = selkkaukset
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Central America / Latin America : 6200

 
27. El informe Moakley - Jesuitas martires impulsan la paz, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

El informe Moakley - Jesuitas martires impulsan la paz /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Envio : 9(104)., p. 19-41. - Managua : Universidad Centromericana y del Instituto Historico Centroamericano, 1990.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: In May 1990 the dialogue between the Salvadoran government and the FMLN gerrilla movement produced an important advance: the parts agreed on a working agenda to achieve the peace in shortest time possible.The Salvadoran government agreed to discuss themes like the depuration of the armed forces, the reduction and redefining of the armed forces, significant reforms on the constitution, etc.During the eleven years of armed conflict this is the first time when the Salvadoran government accepts to negociate these themes.It is certain that the negociation process shall be a prolonged one and including political and military conflict in this small centralamerican country, both parts aiming to reach the best possible positions at the negotiation table. But it is sure that winds of peace at last are to be heard in the patria of Monsenor Oscar Arnulfo Romero.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
28. Taracena, Luis Pedro : Guatemela 1990.Retroceso o avance en la transicion?, 1990
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Guatemela 1990.Retroceso o avance en la transicion? / Taracena, Luis Pedro

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Estudios Centroamericanos (ECA) : 54 ., p. 137-153. - Costa Rica, 1990. - ISSN 0303-9676

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: In Guatemala, the year 1990 is dominated by two political processes: the generale elections, and the dialogue process between the insurgents and different organized social sectors.Both can be considered as products of a political transition, although of different nature, both processes express how important are the contents and the results of this transition.Taracena, a Guatemalan historian, analyses the different factors affecting these processes, and the perpectives for a more democratic development in Guatemala.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
29. Acuerdos de Mexico, 1991
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Acuerdos de Mexico / - (Alternativa) - San Salvador, 1991.

LANGUAGE: SPA

ABSTRACT: The agreement signed by the Salvadoran government and FMLN gerrilla in Mexico, May 1991.The agreement includes the constitutional changes to submit the armed forces under civilian control, to form a National Civil Police under the direct authority of the president, to reform the judicial system, and to form mechanisms to guarantee the respect of the human rights.The agreement also states that the United Nations shall form a verification commission in El Salvador to investigate the serious cases of human rights violations during the 80s, and to control the development of the hukman rights situation in the country.

INDEX WORDS:
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Central America / Latin America : 6231 / 6200

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: countries

 
30. Handy, Jim : Democracy, military rule, and agrarian reform in Guatemala, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Democracy, military rule, and agrarian reform in Guatemala / Handy, Jim

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Central America, democracy, development, and change. - p. 21-34 - New York : Praeger Publishers, 1988.

ISBN 0-275-93049-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: In January a civilian president, the Cristian Democrat Vinicio Cerezo Arevalo, took the president's office after relatively free elections.This ended the open military dominance in Guatemala, which had been the form of governemant after the overthrow of the liberal president Arbenz in 1954.The main concern of the military forces has been the agrarian reform, which since Arbenz's time has made little progress.The counterinsurgency program has replaced the local governments in the highland by almost complete military control.The Cerezo's civil government has limited possibilities to respond on the demands of the rural poor, again rising the cuestions of the land ownership.A real land reform would mean that real power would be shifted to the rural poor population.This, again, would lead to a quick end to Guatemala's democracy.

INDEX WORDS:
* jordreform = land reform = maareformi
* antisubversiv verksamhet = counterinsurgency = kumouksen vastainen strategia
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / Central America / Latin America : 6236 / 6200

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24.11.1999