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1. Yusuf, Abdulqawi (ed.) : African yearbook of interational law, 2001
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

African yearbook of interational law : vol. 8 : Special Theme : Refugees and displaced persons in Africa. / Yusuf, Abdulqawi (ed.), xi, 541 p.. - Hague : Kluwer Law, 2001.

ISBN 90-411-1659-1

LANGUAGE: ENG, FRE

INDEX WORDS:
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* landrättigheter = land ownership rights = maanomistusoikeus
* afrikanska kommissionen för människans och folkens rättigheter = African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights = Afrikan ihmisoikeustoimikunta
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* u-länder = developing countries = kehitysmaat
* EU = EU = EU
* utvisning = expulsion = maastakarkotus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* AIDS = AIDS = AIDS
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* invandring = immigration = maahanmuutto
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* IMF = IMF = IMF
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* tortyroffer = torture victims = kidutusuhrit
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* icke-inblandning = non-interference (principle) = puuttumattomuusperiaate
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* återsändningsförbud = non-refoulement principle = palautuskielto
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* rättsstatsprincip = rule of law = oikeusvaltioperiaate
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* främlingshat = xenophobia = muukalaisviha
* afrikanska unionen = African Union = Afrikan Unioni
* tvångsförflyttade personer = displaced persons = hätäsiirtolaiset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Africa / Algeria / Bosnia-herzegovina / Brazil / Botswana / Burkina Faso / Burundi / Cameroon / Canada / Chad / Chile / Croatia / Egypt / Eritrea / Ethiopia / Finland / Gabon / germany / Guinea Bissau / Hungary / India / Indonesia / Irak / Italy / Ivory Coast / Kenya / Lesotho / Liberia / Madagascar / Malawi / Malaysia / Mali / Morocco / Netherlands / North America / Norway / Pakistan / Paraguay / Russian Fedeartion / Rwanda / Senegal / Sierra Leone / Spain / Sri Lanka / Sudan / Swaziland / Taiwan / Togo / Uganda / USA / Uruguay / Western Sahara / Yugoslavia / Zaire / Zambia / Zimbabwe

NOTE (GENERAL): ACHPR; African charter on the rights and welfare of the child; UN charter; Charter of economic rights and duties of states; OAU charter; CEDAW; CAT; OAU refugee convention USED FOR OAU convention governing the specific aspects of refugee problems in Africa; Refugee convention; Vienna convention on consular relations; OAU convention on the status of refugees; Geneva conventions; Cartagena declaration; UDHR;

 
2. Schwelb, Egon : Termination or suspension of the operation of a treaty as a consequence of its breach, 1967
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Termination or suspension of the operation of a treaty as a consequence of its breach / Schwelb, Egon

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): The Indian journal of international law : 7., p. 309-334. - New Delhi : Indian Sopciety of International Law, 1967 .

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* traktaträtt = law of treaties = sopimusoikeus
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* internationell rätt = international law = kansainvälinen oikeus
* internationella fördrag = international treaties = kansainväliset sopimukset
* upphävande av avtal = suspension of treaty = sopimuksen purkaminen

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR; CERD; ECHR

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: articles

 
3. Bassiouni, M. Cherif (ed.) : The international criminal court, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

The international criminal court : observation and issues before the 1997-98 : Preparatory Committee and administrative and finacial implications : joint project of International Associaltion of Penal Law, International Human Rights Law Institute, DePaul University, International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences, International Law Association, American Branch, Committee on ICC / Bassiouni, M. Cherif (ed.), vi, 288 p.. - Chicago : DePaul University. International Human Rights Law Institute, 1997.

ISBN 1-889001-02-3

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. U. N. General assembly resolution on the establishment of an international criminal court. 2. Observations concerning the 1997-98 Preparatory Committee's work, by M. Cherif Bassiouni. 3. Organization of the international criminal court : administrative and financial issues, by Thomas S. Warrick. 4. The establishment of an international criminal court at a crossroads : issues and prospects after the first session of the Preparatory Committee, by Mauro Politi. 5. International Law Association - American Branch; Committee on a Permanent International Criminal Court. 6. First Committee report on jurisdiction, definition of crimes and complementarity, by Leila Sadat Wexler. 7. Reports to the Committee:. - Jurisdiction, definition of crimes and triggering mechanism, by Christopher L. Blakesley.

INDEX WORDS:
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat
* jurisdiktion = jurisdiction = lainkäyttö
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* allmän ordning = public order = yleinen järjestys
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Former Yugoslavia / Rwanda

NOTE (GENERAL): Genocide convention; Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; Nuremberg charter;

 
4. Meron, Theodor : Classification of armed conflict in the Former Yugoslavia, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Classification of armed conflict in the Former Yugoslavia : Nicaragua's fallout / Meron, Theodor

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 92; no. 2., p. 236-241. - Washington, DC : American Society of International Law, 1998. - ISSN 0002-9300

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Nicaragua / Former Yugoslavia

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions;

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
5. Nash, Marian : Contemporary practice of the United States relating to international law, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Contemporary practice of the United States relating to international law / Nash, Marian

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 92; no. 2., p. 243-272. - Washington, DC : American Society of International Law, 1998. - ISSN 0002-9300

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* fredlig lösning av tvister = dispute settlement = riitaisuuksien rauhanomainen selvittäminen
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: USA

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter;

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
6. Skurbaty Zelim : As if peoples mattered , 2000
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

As if peoples mattered : critical appraisal of 'peoples' and 'minorities' from the international human rights perspective and beyond / Skurbaty Zelim - (The Raoul Wallenberg Institute human rights library ; vol. 4), xxvii, 498 p.. - Hague : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 2000.

ISBN 90-411-1342-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. PART I : THE PROBLEMATIQUE:. 1. Introductory reflections or invitation to 'legitimate suffering'. 2. Corpus juris : the crystallization of concepts and codification of standards relevant to the international 'minority rights'. 3. Test case for international human and 'minority rights' : Chechnya, world order and the 'right to be left alone'. PART II : THE CRITIQUE:. 4. The twilight of state sovereignty : 'great expectations'. 5. 'Peoples' and self-determination : erasing the mark with a skull and cross-bones. 6. Coming to grips with a 'legitimate minority' : backward in coming forward. PART III : THE DIAGNOSTICS :. 7. 'Games played with peoples' : trading off the insecurity of future gains against the 'security' of present pains. PART IV: THE RESOLUTIQUE:. 8. Beyond games : from 'sovereignty' to equality, from 'nation states' to fully functioning groups' via individuation.

INDEX WORDS:
* affirmative action = affirmative action = affirmative action
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* autonomi = autonomy = autonomia
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* etnisk rensning = ethnic cleansing = etninen puhdistus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* grupprättigheter = group rights = ryhmäoikeudet
* HCNM = HCNM = HCNM
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* intern konflikt = internal conflict = sisäinen selkkaus
* människovärde = human dignity = ihmisarvo
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* nationalism = nationalism = nationalismi
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* PLO = PLO = PLO
* rasdiskriminering = racial discrimination = rotusyrjintä
* religiösa minoriteter = religious minorities = uskonnolliset vähemmistöt
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* statslösa personer = stateless persons = valtiottomat henkilöt
* UNESCO = UNESCO = UNESCO
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset

NOTE (THESIS): Jur.dr., Lund University, [2000]

NOTE (GENERAL): ICCPR; CERD; ACHPR; AMR; ADRD; OAS charter; CDE; Genocide convention; ECHR; Convention on the rights and duties of states; Covenant of the League of Nations; Covenant of the unrepresented nations and peoples organization (UNPO); Declaration on the elimination of all forms of intolerance and of discrimination based on religion or belief; Declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples; Declaration on race and racial prejudice; Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples; Declaration on the rights of minorities; European charter for regional and minority languages; ESC; Framework convention for the protection of national minorities; Friendly relations declaration; Inter-American convention on rights and duties of states; ICESCR; UN charter; UDHR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; Vienna convention on succession of states in respect of treaties;

URL http://www.brill.nl

 
7. Making better international law, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Making better international law : the International Law Commission at 50 : proceedings of the United Nations Colloquium on progressive development and codification of international law = Pour UN meilleur droit international : la Commission du Droit International a 50 ans /, xi, 451 p.. - New York : United Nations, 1998.

ISBN 92-1-033076-5

LANGUAGE: ENG, FRE

ABSTRACT: The chapters are:. 1. An over-view of the international law-making process and the role of the International Law Commission. 2. Major complexities encounteres in contemporary international law-making. 3. Selections of topics for codification and progressive development by the Commission and its working-methods. 4. The Commission's work and the shaping of international law. 5. Enhancing the Commission's relationship with other law-making bodies and relevant academic and professional institutes. 6. Making international law more relevant and readily available. 7. The influence of the International Court of Justice on the work of the International Law Commission and the influence of the Commission on the work of the Court. 8. The International Law Commission and the process of law-formation, by Hisashi Owada. 9. La Commission du droit international, la codification et le processus de formation de droit international, par Georges Abi-Saab. 10. Overview of the international law-making and the role of the International law Commission, by Yuri M. Kolosov. 11. Major complexities encountered in contemporary international law-making, by Peter Tonka. 12. Complexities in contemporary international law-making : challenges for the ILC, by Francisco Orrego Vicuna. 13. The ILC : methods of work and selection of topics, by Christopher W. Pinto. 14. Choix de sujets pouvant etre retenus par la Commission aux fins de lacodification et du developpment progreeif et methods de travail de la Commission, par Maurice Kamto. 15. Selection of topics for codification and progressive development by the Commission and its working-methods, by M. K. Nawaz. 16. The ILC's work and the shaping of international law, by Kenneth Keith. 17. The work of the ILC and the shaping of international law : in commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Commission, by Huang Huikang. 18. Enhancing the ILC's relationship with other law-making bodies and relevant academic and professional institutions, by Christine Chinkin. 19. Making international law more relevant and readily available, by Tiyanjana Maluwa. 20. L'information relative au droit international en general et la Commission du droit international en particulier, par Brigitte Stern. 21. Report of the ILC on the work of its forty-eight session : decisions and conclusions of the Commission on its programme, procedures and working methods. 22. Statute of the ILC.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta

LIBRARY LOCATION: UN-library

SHELF CODE: E./F.98V.5

 
8. Maluwa, Tijanjana : International law in post colonial Africa, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

International law in post colonial Africa / Maluwa, Tijanjana - (Studies and materials on the settlement of international disputes ; vol. 4), xxi, 346 p.. - Hague : Kluwer, 1999.

ISBN 90-411-1089-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. I. CREATING AND SITUATING INTERNATIONAL LAW:. 1. Custom, authority and the craetion of international law. 2. Situating international law in municipal leagl systems in Africa. II. PRE-INDEPENDENCE TREATY OBLIGATIONS AND THE POST-COLONIAL STATE:. 3. The newly emergent state and the devolution of pre-independence treaties. 4. Succession to treaties and international fluvial law in Africa : the Niger treaties. III. HUMAN RIGHTS:. 5. Contextualizing democracy and human rights in Africa. 6. Protecting human rights in the constitution : the case of Malawi. IV. REFUGEE RIGHTS:. 7. The refugee problem inpost-apartheid Southern Africa. 8. Refugees, law and politics : the evolution of refugee policy in Malawi. V. TERRITORY, SOVEREIGNTY AND DISPUTE SETTLEMENT:. 9. The peaceful settlement of international disputes in post-colonial Africa : the first two decades. 10. Regulating the common utilization and mangagement of international watercourses : the Senegal regime. VI. IMPLEMENTING NEW INTERNATIONAL LAW:. 11. Southern African land-locked states and rights of access and treaties under the new law of the sea. 12. Environment and development in Africa in the 1990s : some legal issues.

INDEX WORDS:
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* afrikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights = Afrikan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* skiljedom = arbitration = sovittelu
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* miljöskydd = environmental protection = ympäristönsuojelu
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* självständighet = independence = itsenäisyys
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* erkännande av stat = recognition of state = valtion tunnustaminen
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* slaveri = slavery = orjuus
* statssuccession = state succession = valtioseuraanto

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Algeria / Benin / Botswana / Central African Republic / Congo / Cote d'Ivory / Egypt / Eritrea / Ethiopia / Rhodesia / Ghana / Guinea / Libya / Malawi / Mali / Mauritania / Mozambique / Namibia / Niger / Nigeria / Senegal / South Africa / Zaire / Zambia / Zimbabwe

NOTE (GENERAL): ACHPR; AMR; OAU refugee convention; CEDAW; Declaration on the granting of independence; ECHR; UDHR; ICCPR; ICESCR; Convention on the law of the sea; Protocol on mediation, conciliation and arbitration; Protocol on the establishme nt of an African Court on Human and peoples' Rights; Rio declaration; Slavery convention; Vienna convention on succession of states in respect of treaties; UDHR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; OAU charter; CRC; Stockholm declaration;

URL http://www.wkap.nl/book.htm/90-411-1089-5

 
9. Kelly, Michael J. : Restoring and maintaining order in complex peace operations, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Restoring and maintaining order in complex peace operations : the search for a legal framework / Kelly, Michael J. - (International humanitarian law series ; vol. 2), xxvii, 311 p.. - Hague : Kluwer, 1999.

ISBN 90-411-1179-4

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1. The US-led UNITAF intervention -into the breach. 2. The Australian experience in Somalia. 3. UNSOM II - the mission derailed. 4. The legal framework alternatives for dealing with collapsed state emergencies. 5. The historical development of the laws of occupation. 6. The current state of the laws of occupation and their application to peace operations. 7. Obligation meets utility - the provisions of the laws of occupation. 8. The challenge of intervention and the laws of occupation. 9. The practical implications for military forces - meeting the challenge.

INDEX WORDS:
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* UNESCO = UNESCO = UNESCO
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* lågintensitetskonflikt = low intensity conflict = matalan tehon sota
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* fångar = prisoners = vangit
* sanktioner = sanctions = pakotteet
* Världsbanken = World Bank = Maailmanpankki
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Africa / Angola / Australia / Belgium / Bosnia-Herzegovina / Cambodia / Canada / Cuba / Czechoslovakia / Ethiopia / Egypt / France / Germany / United Kingdom / Haiti / Grenada / Iraq / Israel / Italy / Japan / Malaya / Morocco / Mozambique / Pakistan / Palestine / Philippines / Somalia / Spain / Turkey / Thailand / USSR / Yugoslavia / Zimbabwe

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; Chemical weapons convention; Protocol IV on blinding laser weapons; Ottawa convention; ICCPR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; UN charter; Dayton peace agreement;

URL http://www.wkap.nl/book.htm/90-411-1179-4

 
10. Kälin, Walter : Die Schweiz und die UNO-Menschenrechtspakte, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Die Schweiz und die UNO-Menschenrechtspakte = La Suisse et les pactes des Nations Unies relatifs aux droits de l'homme / Kälin, Walter ; Malinverni, Giorgio ; Nowak, Manfred. - 2. enlarg. ed.., xliv, 713 p.. - Bruylant : Helbing & Lichtenhahn, 1997.

ISBN 3-7190-1561-0

LANGUAGE: GER, FRE

ABSTRACT: ERSTER TEIL : Grundlagen: 1. Manfred Nowak : Inhalt, bedeutung und Durchsetzungsmechanismen der beiden UNO-Menschenrechtspakte. 2. Giorgio Malinverni : Les pactes et la proetction des droits de l'homme dans le cadre européen. ZWEITER TEIL : Die bedeutung der Pakte für die Schweiz. 1. Giorgio Malinverni : Les pactes dans l'ordre juridique interne. 2. Giorgio malinverni : Les reserves de la Suisse. 3. Jörg Künzli und Walter Kälin : Die Bedeutung des UNO-Paktes über wirtschaftliche, soziale und kulturelle Rechte für das schweizerische Recht. 4. Alberto Achermann, Martina Caroni und Walter Kälin : Die Bedeutung des UNO-Paktes über bürgerliche und politische Rechte für das schweizerische Recht. 5. Giorgio Malinverni : La Suisse et la protection des minorités (art 27 Pacte II).

INDEX WORDS:
* CPT Committee = CPT Committee = CPT Committee
* grundlag/författning = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* FAO = FAO = FAO
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* WHO = WHO = WHO
* UNESCO = UNESCO = UNESCO
* UNICEF = UNICEF = UNICEF
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* utlänningar = aliens/non-citizens = ulkomaalaiset
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* informationsfrihet = freedom of information = tiedonsaantivapaus
* barn = children = lapset
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* undantagstillstånd = state of emergency = hätätila
* inskränkningar = derogations = poikkeukset
* medborgerliga och politiska rättigheter = civil and political rights = kansalaisoikeudet ja poliittiset oikeudet
* kollektiva rättigheter = collective rights = kollektiiviset oikeudet
* religionsfrihet = freedom of religion = uskonnonvapaus
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* statslösa personer = stateless persons = valtiottomat henkilöt
* rätt till strejk = right to strike = lakko-oikeus
* föreningsfrihet = freedom of association = yhdistymisvapaus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* församlingsfrihet = freedom of assembly = kokoontumisvapaus
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* tvångsarbete = forced labour = pakkotyö
* val = elections = vaalit
* icke-diskriminering = non-discrimination = syrjintäkielto

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR; ICCPR; ESC; ECHR;

 
11. Hofmann, Rainer : Denationalization and forced exile, 1985
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Denationalization and forced exile / Hofmann, Rainer

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Encyclopdia of public international law : vol. 8 : human rights and the individual in international law - international economic relations / Bernhardt, R. (chief ed.), p. 128-133. - Amsterdam : Elsevier Science publ., 1985.

ISBN 0-444-87911-0

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* landsflykt = exile = maanpako
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* naturalisering = naturalisation = kansallistaminen

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR; ECHR; UDHR-15; ICCPR-12; CERD;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

 
12. Randelzhofer, Albrecht (ed.) : State responsibility and the individual , 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

State responsibility and the individual : reparation in instances of grave violations of human rights / Randelzhofer, Albrecht (ed.) ; Tomuschat, Christian (ed.), xiii, 296 p.. - Hague : Martinus Nijhoff, 1999.

ISBN 90-411-1147-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Contents:. 1. Individual reparation claims in instances of grave human rights violations : the position under general international law, by Christian Tomuschat. 2. Individual reparation claims under the international covenant on civil and political rights : the practice of the Human Rights Committee, by Eckart Klein. DISCUSSION (Part 1). 3. Compensation for human rights violations : the practice of the past decade in the Americas, by W. Michael Reisman. 4. Individual reparation claims under the European convention on human rights, by Matti Pellonpää. DISCUSSION (Part 2). 5. International obligations to provide for reparation claims?, by Ricardo Pisillo-Mazzeschi. 6. Reparation for human rights violations committed by the apartheid regime in South Africa, by Lovell Fernandez. DISCUSSION (Part 3). 7. The United Nations Compensation Commission, by Norbert Wühler. 8. The legal position of the individual under present international law, by Albrecht Randelzhofer. DISCUSSION (Part 4.) 9. Rehabilitation and compensation of victims of human rights violations suffered in East Germany (1945-1990), by Bardo Fassbender. DOCUMENTS:. Basic principles and guidelines on the right to reparation for victims of gross violations of human rights and international humanitarian law (UN doc.E/CN.4/1997/104)

INDEX WORDS:
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* reservationer = reservations = varaumat
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* kommissionen för de mänskliga rättigheterna (fn) = Commission on Human Rights (UN) = ihmisoikeustoimikunta (YK)
* specialrapportör = special rapporteur = erityisraportoija
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* judar = Jews = juutalaiset
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* sexslavar = sex slaves = seksiorjat
* EG = EC = EY
* GATT = GATT = GATT
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* individuella klagomål = individual complaints = yksilövalitus
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* allmän ordning = public order = yleinen järjestys
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* diktatur = dictatorship = diktatuuri
* utlänningar = aliens/non-citizens = ulkomaalaiset
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* äganderätt = right to property = omistusoikeus

NOTE (MEETINGS): International colloquium, Berlin, [19980926-19980928],[C]

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR; ECHR; CAT-13-14; ICCPR-14; ICCPR-OP; ICCPR-2OP; ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; OAS charter; AMR; AMR-10; CERD-6;

 
13. Bassiouni, Cherif : Crimes against humanity in international criminal law, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Crimes against humanity in international criminal law / Bassiouni, Cherif. - 2. rev. ed.., xli, 610 p.. - Hague : Kluwer, 1999.

ISBN 90-411-1222-7

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CHAPTERS:. I. Emergence in positive international criminal law. II. Sources : the law of armed conflicts. III. Threshold issues of legal philosophy. IV. Principles of legality and the law of the charter. V. Post-charter legal developments. VI. The international or jurisdictional element. VII. The method of indetifying specific contents and the contents of the specific crimes formulated in the charter and in subsequent formulations. VIII. Ratione personae and elements of criminal responsibility. IX. Defenses and exonerations. X. Individual criminal repsonsibility and international prosecutions

INDEX WORDS:
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* sedvanerätt = customary law = tapaoikeus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* deporterade personer = deported persons = karkotetut henkilöt
* slaveri = slavery = orjuus
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* judar = Jews = juutalaiset
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* etnisk rensning = ethnic cleansing = etninen syrjintä
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* tvångsarbete = forced labour = pakkotyö
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* återsändningsförbud = non-refoulement principle = palautuskielto
* slavhandel = slave trade = orjakauppa
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* våldtäkt = rape = raiskaus
* sexuellt utnyttjande = sexual abuse = seksuaalinen hyväksikäyttö

NOTE (GENERAL): ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; Treaty of Westphalia; Geneva conventions; Hague conventions; Tokyo charter; Charter of the international military tribunal (IMT charter); ICCPR; Genocide convention; Apartheid convention; Tokyo charter; CAT; UDHR; Refugee convention;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

URL http://www.wkap.nl/book.htm/90-411-1222-7

 
14. Gomaa, Mohammed M. : Suspension or termination of treaties on grounds of breach, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Suspension or termination of treaties on grounds of breach / Gomaa, Mohammed M., xxi, 201 p.. - Hague : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 1996.

ISBN 90-411-0226-4

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. CHAPTER 1: The definiton of 'material breach'. CHAPTER 2: A content analysis of material breach. CHAPTER 3: Effects of material breach. CHAPTER 4: The codification of the principle of termination or suspension for breach. CHAPTER 5: A content analysis of artcile 60 of the Vinena conventions of 1969 and 1986. CHAPTER 6:. Conditions and limitations of Article 60. CHAPTER 7: Consequences of termination or suspension of the operation of the treaty. CHAPTER 8: The determination of material breach. CHAPTER 9: Procedures for unilateral termination or suspension of a treaty for breach. CHAPTER 10: Dispute settlement.

INDEX WORDS:
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* UNESCO = UNESCO = UNESCO
* WHO = WHO = WHO
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* GATT = GATT = GATT
* skiljedom = arbitration = sovittelu
* nedrustning = disarmament = aseidenriisunta
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* sanktioner = sanctions = pakotteet
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens

NOTE (GENERAL): Biological weapons convention; Chemical weapons convention; Geneva conventions; Genocide convention; Treaty of Paris; Convention on migrant workers; ECHR; Havana convention on treaties; Vienna convention on diplomatic relations; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; EEC-treaty;

 
15. Abiew, Francis Kofi : The evolution of the doctrine and practice of humanitarian intervention, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The evolution of the doctrine and practice of humanitarian intervention / Abiew, Francis Kofi, 325 p.. - Hague : Kluwer, 1999.

ISBN 90-411-1160-3

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1. The traditional doctrine and practice of humanitarian intervention. 2. The right of humanitarian intervention in the post-charter era (1945-1989). 3. The practice of humanitarian intervention in the post-cold war era. 4. Assessing humanitarian intervention in the post-cold war period : sources of consensus

INDEX WORDS:
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* humanitär intervention = humanitarian intervention = humanitaarinen interventio
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* fredsbevarande styrkor = peace-keeping forces = rauhanturvajoukot
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Iraq / Somalia / Former Yugoslavia / Rwanda / Liberia / Haiti / Viet Nam / Pakistan / Cambodia / Uganda / Dominican Republic / Tanzania / Congo / Zimbabwe / Zaire / USA

NOTE (GENERAL): Agenda for peace; AMR; Copenhagen document; Dayton peace agreement; Declaration on principles of international law; Declaration on non-intervention; Genocide convention; UDHR; Un charter; Treaty of Augsburg; Treaty of Versailles; Vienna convention on the law of treaties;

URL http://www.wkap.nl/book.htm/90-411-1160-3

 
16. Shaw, Malcolm N. : International law, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

International law / Shaw, Malcolm N.. - 4. ed.., xlvi, 939 p.. - Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.

ISBN 0-521-57667-9

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1. The nature and development of international law. 2. International law today. 3. Sources. 4. International law and municipal law. 5. The subjects of international law. 6. The international protection of human rights. 7. The regional protection of human rights. 8. Recognition. 9. Territory. 10. Air law and space law. 11. The law of the sea. 12. Jurisdiction. 13. Immunities from jurisdiction. 14. State responsibility. 15. International environmental law. 16. The law of treaties. 17. State succession. 18. The settlement of disputes by peaceful means. 19. International law and the use of force by states. 20. The United Nations. 21. International institutionas.

INDEX WORDS:
* afrikanska kommissionen för människans och folkens rättigheter = African Commission on Human and peoples' Rights = Afrikan ihmisoikeustoimikunta
* Permanent Court of Arbitration = Permanent Court of Arbitration = Permanent Court of Arbitration
* barn = children = lapset
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* rätt till utveckling = right to development = oikeus kehitykseen
* icke-diskriminering = non-discrimination = syrjintäkielto
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* fredlig lösning av tvister = dispute settlement = riitaisuuksien rauhanomainen selvittäminen
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* GATT = GATT = GATT
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* EU = EU = EU
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* HCNM = HCNM = HCNM
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* CAT Committee = CAT Committee = CAT Committee
* CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee
* CERD Committee = CERD Committee = CERD Committee
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* humanitär intervention = humanitarian intervention = humanitaarinen interventio
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* havsrätten = maritime law = merioikeus
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* erkännande av stat = recognition of state = valtion tunnustaminen
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* utlänningar = aliens/non-citizens = ulkomaalaiset
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* WHO = WHO = WHO
* kvinnor = women = naiset
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* UNESCO = UNESCO = UNESCO
* multinationella bolag = transnational corporations (TNC) = monikansalliset yritykset

NOTE (GENERAL): ECPT; ECHR; ESC; Peace of Westphalia; Geneva conventions; UN charter; Charter of the International Military Tribunal; IMT charter; Montevideo convention on the rights and duties of states; Convention on the privilegies and immunities of the United Nations; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; ECHR; EC treaty; Slavery convention; Hague convention for the protection of cultural property in time of armed conflict; Convention on the nationality of married women; CDE; Convention on reduction of statelessness; ESC; Vienna convention on diplomatic relations; European fisheries convention; CERD; ICCPR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; ACHPR; CAT; Additional protocol on the Inter-American convention on economic, social and cultural rights; Migrant workers convention; Charter of Paris; Climate change convention; Convention on biological diversity; European charter for regional or minority languages; Rio declaration; TEU; CIS charter USED FOR Charter of the Commonwealth of Independent States; Chemical weapons convention; Inter-American convention on the forced disappearances of persons; CIS convention on human rights and fundamental rights; Additional protocol to ESC; Revised ESC;

 
17. Abi-Saab, Georges : The uses of article 19, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The uses of article 19 / Abi-Saab, Georges

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 339-352. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Abstract In his First Report to the International Law Commission as Special Rapporteur on State Responsibility, Professor Crawford severely criticizes the category of `crime of state' and the attendant dual regime of responsibility introduced by Article 19 of the Draft Articles; he proposes to set it aside. This essay endeavours to respond to these criticisms by distinguishing the `text' of Article 19 from the `concept' behind it. Admitting the shortcomings of the `text', it is argued that these can be easily perfected through good draftsmanship, making it more rigorous and giving it full effect throughout the Draft Articles. The concept behind the text remains of major importance, however, reflecting as it does in the field of state responsibility the emergence in contemporary international law of a hierarchy of norms ensuing from the recognition by the international community of the pre-eminence of certain common interests and values and the consequent necessity of surrounding them with maximum legal protection. The criticism of the concept of `crime of state' based on the `domestic analogy' ignores its specificity in international law. The recommended alternative course of action of reverting to a unitary regime while making special allowance for the effects of violating jus cogens norms (and erga omnes obligations) would necessarily reintroduce a binary regime. Moreover, it is feared that the abandonment of the dual regime of responsibility would be largely perceived as a setback in the evolution of general international law.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter;

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
18. Gaja, Giorgio : Should all references to international crimes disappear from the ILC draft articles on state responsibility?, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Should all references to international crimes disappear from the ILC draft articles on state responsibility? / Gaja, Giorgio

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 365-370. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The forthcoming discussion in the International Law Commission on the Draft Articles on State Responsibility may well lead to the removal of Articles 51-53, dealing with the consequences of international crimes. If this possibility does eventuate, there will remain the question of what to do with two other references to international crimes included in the Draft Articles. Article 40(3) says that if the wrongdoing state commits a crime, `all other States' are to be considered injured states. The definition of injured states should thus be widened, because all other states must be considered as injured when any erga omnes obligation is infringed, whether or not the violation constitutes an international crime. This is not to say that the consequences of violations of erga omnes obligations are necessarily the same as those of wrongful acts that do not affect any interest of the international community. Article 19 would be clearly deprived of meaning if Part Two of the Draft Articles failed to specify any consequence for international crimes. However, if Article 19 were simply removed, the inference would be that there exists no special regime for wrongful acts that seriously affect the interests of international society. A saving clause could be usefully included in the Draft Articles to the effect that they are without prejudice to any regime that may be established in the future to deal with serious infringements of erga omnes obligations.

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter-19-51-53;

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
19. Dupuy, Pierr-Marie : Reviewing the difficulties of codification, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Reviewing the difficulties of codification : on ago's classification of obligations of means and obligations of result in relation to state responsibility / Dupuy, Pierr-Marie

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 371-386. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: As Special Rapporteur to the International Law Commission, Roberto Ago enlarged the vision of the scope of state responsibility, including new legal relations between the wrongdoer and the victim or third parties. He also eliminated any reference to damage in the definition of state responsibility. Finally, he proposed new classifications of wrongdoings and obligations. However, this latter makes use of a misleading terminology to designate inappropriate distinctions which do not necessarily correspond to any specific differentiation of legal regime in Part Two of the ILC's Draft Articles on State Responsibility. This is particularly the case for the classification of obligations of means and obligations of result. It is thus necessary to reassess the legal bearing of this distinction in terms of its civil law origin in order to decide whether it would be worthwhile to incorporate it, even indirectly, in the final version of the ILC's project. This is also the case for the overly sophisticated relationship established by Ago between some categories of obligations and wrongful acts. This paper argues that an opportunity now exists to make these distinctions more reliable and effective, even at the price of eliminating some of them.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
20. Chinkin, Christine : A critique of the public/private dimension, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

A critique of the public/private dimension / Chinkin, Christine

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 387-396. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The dualism between public and private spheres of action has been identified as a key feature of Western, liberal thought. Its normative consequences in domestic law have been much critiqued on both practical and theoretical grounds. The article examines how this same distinction operates in international law, inter alia through the principles of attribution for the purposes of state responsibility to delineate the reserved area from international intrusion. It questions whether the changing concept of the role of the state undermines the usefulness of the distinction and considers some of the strategies engaged for its avoidance, in particular within human rights jurisprudence.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
21. Gattini, Andrea : Smoking/no smoking, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Smoking/no smoking : some remarks on the current place of fault in the ILC draft articles on state responsibility / Gattini, Andrea

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 397-404. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The question of the place of fault in the system of state responsibility has long been avoided by the International Law Commission. The Commission chose not to dwell on what was felt to be an old academic dispute and preferred to deal with the fault issue in a pragmatic way by envisaging it as a circumstance, the absence of which must be proven by the respondent state in order to preclude the wrongfulness of its conduct. In the Draft approved on its first reading, some hidden and open references to fault were found in various chapters, from imputation to the ascertainment of the consequences of the wrongful act, but the issue was not sufficiently explored. The present author urges the ILC to bring more clarity to this fundamental topic.

INDEX WORDS:
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter-19;

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
22. Lowe, Vaughan : Precluding wrongfulness or responsibility, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Precluding wrongfulness or responsibility : a plea for excuses / Lowe, Vaughan

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 405-412. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The International Law Commission's Draft Articles on State Responsibility propose to characterize wrongful conduct in respect of which there exist exculpatory circumstances as `not wrongful'. The Commission could have characterized them as wrongful but excused. This paper explores the theoretical differences between those alternatives and, in particular, the distinction between the right of an injured state to waive its entitlement to reparation and the right of an injured state to release other states from their obligation to obey the law. It argues that even if the creation of international legal obligations is, by virtue of the principle of opposability, an essentially bilateral matter, violation of those obligations engages a wider community interest and is not a matter of concern to the law-breaker and the injured state alone. The paper suggests that, as a matter of policy, it would be preferable to regard such conduct as `wrongful but excused'. That might in practice strengthen the normative pull of rules, and make it easier to deal with situations where third state rights are affected by violations of international law

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter-19;

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
23. Gray, Christine : The choice between restitution and compensation, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The choice between restitution and compensation / Gray, Christine

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 413-425. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The recent case before the International Court of Justice, Paraguay v. USA (Provisional Measures), highlights dramatically the fundamental uncertainties as to the availability of restitution in international law, and should serve as a warning to the International Law Commission not to be unduly dogmatic or over-ambitious in its quest for universal rules in its Draft Articles on the choice between restitution and compensation. The caution of the International Court of Justice in this and other cases provides a marked contrast to the ILC's 1996 Draft Articles. The current Draft Articles take a firm view on the primacy of restitution; this inevitably entails the need for limits and exceptions to the award of restitution. The ILC has run into difficulties in trying to provide for these while maintaining its distinction between primary and secondary rules. Moreover, if the exceptions are too wide they will offer loopholes to the wrongdoing states and undermine the primacy the ILC wants to assert; if the limits are too narrow they will be unrealistic. The reactions of states to the Draft Articles shows the need for the ILC to be flexible in its approach.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
24. Pellet, Alain : Can a state commit a crime, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Can a state commit a crime : definitely, yes! / Pellet, Alain

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 425-434. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Despite the strong (probably growing) and passionate campaign against the notion of state crimes led by a handful of powerful states and relayed by some ILC members, including the new Special Rapporteur, the distinction between what is termed `delicts' and what is termed `crimes' answers an indisputable need and must be maintained. However, while the definition of crimes given in Article 19 of the ILC Draft Articles on State Responsibility is acceptable, though perhaps unduly sophisticated, the legal regime of these crimes as envisaged by the ILC is debatable. The method adopted to establish this regime has been grossly unsatisfactory and it must be accepted that the word `crime' might be misleading. The concept is nevertheless indispensable in contemporary international law.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter-19; ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind;

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
25. Crawford, James : Revising the draft articles on state responsibility, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Revising the draft articles on state responsibility / Crawford, James

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : Symposium : state responsibility : vol. 10; no. 2., p. 435-460. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1999. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: This article reviews some major issues involved in revising Part 1 of the 1980 draft on state responsibility and responds to comments made in this symposium. In the author's view: (a) there is no single principle of fault as a basis for state responsibility in international law, nor is the possibility of no-fault responsibility a priori excluded. The debate is thus a false one. Retaining Articles 1 and 3 recognizes that the particular standard of responsibility is set by the primary rules; (b) criticisms that the articles on attribution of conduct to the state embody a `very traditional' Western concept of the state fail to take into account the flexibility of the rules; (c) the distinction between obligations of conduct and of result lacks consequences within the framework of the secondary rules, and is of doubtful value; (d) the idea of international crimes as expressed is unnecessary and potentially destructive. But the idea that some obligations are owed to the international community as a whole and that grave breaches thereof may attract special consequences, is important. The problem is to find an acceptable formulation; (e) two different kinds of circumstances precluding wrongfulness are dealt with in Chapter V: some (e.g. self-defence) preclude wrongfulness; others (e.g. distress, necessity) preclude responsibility. This distinction should be more clearly made; (f) the balance between restitution and compensation needs further thought, but it is not clear that the Draft Articles as presently formulated are defective.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö

NOTE (GENERAL): CAT-1; ICCPR; Draft articles on State responsibility (full text);

URL http://www.ejil.org./
URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
26. PART II : Public international law, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

PART II : Public international law /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: The execution of Strasbourg and Geneva human rights decisions in the national legal order / Barkhuysen, T.; van Emmerik, M.L.; van Kempen, P.H.P.H.M.C. (eds.) - (International studies in human rights ; vol. 57), p. 65-114. - Hague : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 1999.

ISBN 90-411-1152-2

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The chapters are:. 1. Legal consequences of an internationally wrongful act of a state against an individual, by M. T. Kamminga. 2. The implementation of decisions of the supervisory organs under the European convention on human rights, by L. F. Zwaak. 3. Implementing the decisions of the supervisory bodies of the ECHR - exploring present possibilities, by E. A. Alkema. 4. Follow-up of the views of the United Nations treaty bodies, by I. Boerefijn.

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* statssuveränitet = state sovereignty = valtion suvereniteetti
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* tolkning = interpretation = tulkinta
* CPT Committee = CPT Committee = CPT Committee
* CERD Committee = CERD Committee = CERD Committee
* fångar = prisoners = vangit
* rättvis rättegång = fair trial = oikeudenmukainen oikeudenkäynti
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): ECHR-50; ICCPR; ICCPR-OP; CERD; CAT; AMR-63; Draft articles on state responsibility;

 
27. Rosenstock, Robert : The forty-ninth session of the International Law Commission, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The forty-ninth session of the International Law Commission / Rosenstock, Robert

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 92; no. 1., p. 107-111. - Washington, DC : American Society of International Law, 1998. - ISSN 0002-9300

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statssuccession = state succession = valtioseuraanto
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR; ICCPR;

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
28. Hall, Christopher Keith : The third and fourth sessions of the UN Preparatory Committee on the Establisment of an International Criminal Court, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The third and fourth sessions of the UN Preparatory Committee on the Establisment of an International Criminal Court / Hall, Christopher Keith

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 92; no. 1., p. 124-132. - Washington, DC : American Society of International Law, 1998. - ISSN 0002-9300

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto

NOTE (GENERAL): Nuremberg charter; Genocide convention; ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; Declaration on the protection of all persons from enforced disappearance; Geneva conventions; Declaration on basic principles of justice for victims and abuse of power;

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
29. Dennis, Michael J. : The fiftieth session of the International Law Commission, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The fiftieth session of the International Law Commission / Dennis, Michael J.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 93; no. 1., p. 236-245. - New York : American Society of International Law, 1999. - ISSN 1566-5890

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* reservationer = reservations = varaumat
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus

NOTE (GENERAL): Vienna convention on the law of treaties;

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
30. Rosenne, Shabtai : Codification revisited after 50 years, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Codification revisited after 50 years / Rosenne, Shabtai

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Max Planck yearbook of United Nations law : vol. 2 : 1998 / Frowein, J. A.; Wolfrum, R. (eds.); Philipp, C. (ass.ed.), p. 1-22. - Hague : Kluwer, 1998.

ISBN 90-411-9665-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* NF = LN = KL
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* rådgivande yttrande = advisory opinion = neuvoa-antava mielipide
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ

NOTE (GENERAL): Hague convention (I); UN charter; Convention on the reduction of statelessness; Vienna convention on diplomatic relations; Convention on the law of the sea; New York convention on the prevention and punishment of crimes agiants internationally protected persons, included diplomatic agents; Vienna convention on succession of states in respect of treaties; Vienna convention on succession of states in respect of state property, archives and debts; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; Reservations to the convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide; Helsinki final act;

URL http://www.mpil.de/shared/data/pdf/pdfmpunyb/rosenne_2.pdf

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24.11.1999