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31. Gleditisch, Nils Petter : Democracy and peace, 1992
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Democracy and peace / Gleditisch, Nils Petter

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Journal of peace research : vol. 29; no. 4., p. 369-376. - London : SAGE, 1992. - ISSN 0022-3433

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

 
32. Higgins, Rosalyn : Peace and security, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Peace and security : achievements and failures / Higgins, Rosalyn

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] : the United Nations jubilee issue = Journal europeen de droit international : vol. 6; no. 3., p. 445-460. - München : C. H. Beck, 1995. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Peace and Security Achievements and Failures Peace and Security Achievements and Failures Rosalyn Higgins *1 The history of the United Nations, 1945-1995, in the field of peace and security, would be a scholarly enterprise of several volumes. One is struck first of all by the sheer magnitude of all that has happened relating to the UN's role in peace and security during these years. The texts, the problems, the events, the attempts, the developments, the successes, the failures, the new problems - come teeming upon each other. But, looking back over the last fifty years, it seems to me that certain trends and patterns are clearly discernible. We cannot understand where we are now, and what problems the United Nations faces today in the field of peace and security, without understanding what was intended, and what has actually occurred in the intervening period time. And only then can we explore what is happening today - and the implications for tomorrow. I. The First Phase: What was Intended To look at the text of the Charter, and to remind ourselves of what was originally intended, is to see how far we have come from the original ideas of the founding fathers. The United Nations Charter was intended to provide a comprehensive set of prescriptions on conflict resolution and the use of force. On the one hand there were the provisions for settling disputes between States, and the prescriptions as to when force could or could not be used. On the other was the intended capability of the United Nations itself to provide collective security, if necessary by enforcing the peace. Chapter VI of the Charter indicates the appropriate methods of settling international disputes and gives the Security Council certain powers in relation to these. Whether decisions taken by the Security Council under Chapter VI can be binding has been the subject of some controversy . But it is agreed that generally speaking, resolutions under Chapter VI will be recommendatory, rather than decisions which bind the membership at large by reference to Article 25. The International Court of Justice in the Namibia case made the extremely important observation (which has implications for other chapters of the Charter as well) that resolutions may in any event have operative effect - that is to say, the findings of fact, or applications of law within an organ's own competence, are determinative.2 As for the entitlement of States to use force, the matter was meant to be resolved by the combined application of Article 2(4) and Article 51. All use of force save in self-defence was prohibited under Article 2(4) (as the International Court in the Corfu Channel case was to affirm in its judgment in 1949). Article 51 did not entirely `match' Article 2(4), in that under the former a State could use force `if an armed attack occurs', but the latter provision prohibited the threat or use of force. (Years later, in the Nicaragua v. United States case (Merits), the International Court was further to underline that Articles 2(4) and 51 were not fully obverse sides of the same coin, by its finding that not all illegal uses of force constituted an armed attack, and that the right to self-defence was available only in regard to the latter).3

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* FN = UN = YK

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter-45-47

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
33. Sylvester, Christine : UN elites, 1980
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

UN elites : perspectives on peace / Sylvester, Christine

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Journal of peace research : vol. 17; no. 4., p. 305-324. - Oslo : Universitetsforlaget, 1980. - ISSN 0022-3433

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* FN = UN = YK
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

 
34. Wallensteen, Peter ... [et al.] : Towards a security community in the Baltic region, 1994
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Towards a security community in the Baltic region : patterns of peace and conflict / Wallensteen, Peter ... [et al.] - (Peoples of the baltic : session ; 7), 40 p.. - Uppsala : Uppsala Univ. The Baltic University, 1994.

ISBN 91-506-1048-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* finlandssvenskar = Swedish-speaking Finns = suomenruotsalaiset
* demilitarisering = demilitarisation = demilitarisointi
* EU = EU = EU

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Russian Federatio / Finland

LOCAL GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Aaland Islands

NOTE (GENERAL): Hague conventions; UN charter; OAS charter; OAU charter; Helsinki final act;

LIBRARY LOCATION: Folkrätt

SHELF CODE: s Peoples of the ..

 
35. Möttölä. Kari (ed.) : The Arctic challenge, 1988
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The Arctic challenge : Nordic and Canadian approaches to security and cooperation in an emerging international region / Möttölä. Kari (ed.), xvi, 335 p.. - Boulder : Westview Press, 1988.

ISBN 0-8133-7545-2

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Canada / Denmark / Iceland / USSR / Finland / Norway

 
36. Thee, Marek (ed.) : Peace! by the peace prize laurates, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Peace! by the peace prize laurates : an anthology / Thee, Marek (ed.), 570 p.. - Paris : UNESCO, 1995.

ISBN 92-3-103193-7

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* fredsbevarande styrkor = peace-keeping forces = rauhanturvajoukot
* nedrustning = disarmament = aseidenriisunta
* nationalism = nationalism = nationalismi
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* UNHCR = UNHCR = UNHCR
* UNICEF = UNICEF = UNICEF
* rasdiskriminering = racial discrimination = rotusyrjintä
* människovärde = human dignity = ihmisarvo

 
37. Special theme ; nation-building, internal conflicts and humanitarian intervention in Africa, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Special theme ; nation-building, internal conflicts and humanitarian intervention in Africa /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: African yearbook of international law = Annuaire Africain de droit international : vol. 2 : 1994 / Yusuf, A. A. (ed.), p. 3-94. - Hague : Kluwer Law International, 1995. - ISSN 1380-7412

ISBN 0-7923-3284-9

LANGUAGE: ENG, FRE

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. Reflections on the fragility of state institutions in Africa, by Abdulqawi A. Yusuf. 2. Internal conflicts in Africa : is there a rights of humanitarian action, by Edward Kwakwa. 3. United Nations peacekeeping role : the Angolan experience, by Mpazi Sinjela. 4. Le mecanisme de l'OAU pour la prevention, la gestion et le reglement des conflicts, by M. Dijena Wembou

INDEX WORDS:
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* avkolonisering = decolonization = siirtomaavallan purkaminen
* självständighet = independence = itsenäisyys
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat
* rättfärdighet = equity = oikeus
* intern konflikt = internal conflict = sisäinen selkkaus
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* domstolsutslag = judicial judgment = tuomioistuinpäätös
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Burundi / Southern Africa / Angola / Rwanda / Liberia / Somalia / Central Africa / East Africa / West Africa

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; OAS charter; OAU charter; Genocide convention; Convention on the right and duties of states; ACHPR;

LIBRARY LOCATION: Folkrätt

SHELF CODE: s African YB

 
38. Bedjaoui, Mohammed : The new world order and the Security Council, 1994
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The new world order and the Security Council : testing the legality of its acts / Bedjaoui, Mohammed, xix, 531 p.. - Dordrecht : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 1994.

ISBN 0-7923-3434-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* FN = UN = YK
* tolkning = interpretation = tulkinta
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* fredsbevarande styrkor = peace-keeping forces = rauhanturvajoukot
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter;

 
39. Slaughter Burley, Anne-Marie : International law in a world of liberal states, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

International law in a world of liberal states / Slaughter Burley, Anne-Marie

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [EJIL] = Journal européen de droit international : vol. 6; no. 4., p. 503-539. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1995. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: International law and international politics cohabit the same conceptual space. Together they comprise the rules and the reality of `the international system', an intellectual construct that lawyers, political scientists, and policymakers use to describe the world they study and seek to manipulate. As a distinguished group of international lawyers and a growing number of political scientists have recognized, it makes little sense to study one without the other. In keeping with this tradition, this article seeks to develop an integrated theory of international law and international relations. Previous efforts in this vein fall into several categories. Myres McDougal and Harold Lasswell, progenitors of the New Haven school, used a theory of domestic politics and domestic law to rethink the nature and definition of international law. The international legal process school, pioneered by scholars such as Abram Chayes and Louis Henkin, sought to explore and take account of the actual impact of international legal rules on international political processes, from crises to routine decision-making. The task was to determine to what extent law shapes `how nations behave'.2

INDEX WORDS:
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* domstolsutslag = judicial judgment = tuomioistuinpäätös

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
40. Part I : issues of international peace and security, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Part I : issues of international peace and security /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: The United Nations at age fifty : a legal perspective / Tomuschat, C. (ed.) - (Legal aspects of international organization ; vol. 23), p. 3-196. - Hague : Kluwer, 1995.

ISBN 90-411-0145-4

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. The United Nations, guarantor of international peace and security, by Mohamed Bennouna. 2. Some reflections on disarmament, by Nabil Elaraby. 3. The United Nations as guarantor of international peace and security : past, present and future, by Thomas M. Franck. 4. Use of force made or authorized by the United Nations, by Giorgio Gaja. 5. The United Nations as guarantor of international peace and security : past, present and future : a United Kingdom view, by Christopher Greenwood. 6. The crucial role of the United Nations in maintaining international peace and security, by Qizhi He. 7. The United Nations, fragmenting states and the need for enlarged peacekeeping, by Winrich Kühne. 8. The road to hell is paved with good intentions : the United Nations as guarantor of international peace and security : a French perspective, by Alain pellet. 9. The humanitarian dimension of conflict management : minimizing the damaging effects of weapons, by Vladimir Petrovsky. 10. The United Nations and international peace and security : an Indian perspective, by Pemmaraju Sreenivasa Rao. 11. The United Nations at its turning point : a Japanese perception, by Chusei Yamada.

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* FN = UN = YK
* nedrustning = disarmament = aseidenriisunta
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat
* landminor = landmines = maamiinat
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* användning av maktmedel = use of force = voimakeinojen käyttö

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Rwanda / Former Yugoslavia / Central Africa

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter-42-47;

 
41. Section I : theory and practice of international law, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

Section I : theory and practice of international law /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Perspectives on international law : dedicated to judge Manfred lachs for his lifelong and lasting contribution to international law / Jasentuliyana, N. (ed.), p. 3-118. - London : Kluwer, 1995.

ISBN 90-411-0884-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. Fundamentals of international law, by Rosalyn Higgins. 2. Equity in international law, by Thomas Franck. 3. International law in the context of the changing world order, by ian Brownlie. 4. The new international legal system, by Edith Brown Weiss. 5. International law in the twenty-first century, by Ved Nanda.

INDEX WORDS:
* rättfärdighet = equity = oikeus
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* EU = EU = EU
* internationell rätt = international law = kansainvälinen oikeus
* hållbar utveckling = sustainable development = kestävä kehitys
* äganderätt = right to property = omistusoikeus
* humanitär intervention = humanitarian intervention = humanitaarinen interventio
* miljöskydd = environmental protection = ympäristönsuojelu
* rätt till utveckling = right to development = oikeus kehitykseen
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* FN = UN = YK
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat
* u-hjälp = development aid = kehitysapu
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; Lomé conventions; Declaration on the rights of the minorities; Convention on the law of the sea; Stockholm declaration on the human environment; Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples; AMR

 
42. Oellers-Frahm, Karin : Das Statut des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs zur Verfolgung von Kriegsverbrechen im ehemaligen Jugoslawien, 1994
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Das Statut des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs zur Verfolgung von Kriegsverbrechen im ehemaligen Jugoslawien = The statute of the International Tribunal for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 (summary) / Oellers-Frahm, Karin

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht [=ZaöRV] : 54/2., p. 416-445. - Heidelberg : Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, 1994. - ISSN 0044-2348

LANGUAGE: GER

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* FN = UN = YK
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Former Yugoslavia

NOTE (GENERAL): ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; , Statute of the international tribunal (full text in English)

URL http://www.zaoerv.de/54_1994/54_1994_2_b_416_445.pdf

 
43. Feist, Christian : Die Tätigkeit der International Law Commission in den Jahren 1993 und 1994, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Die Tätigkeit der International Law Commission in den Jahren 1993 und 1994 / Feist, Christian

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: German yearbook of international law [GYIL] : 1995 : vol. 38 / Delbrück, J. (ed.), p. 376-388. - Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 1996. - ISSN 0344-3094

ISBN 3-428-08521-3

LANGUAGE: GER

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Former Yugoslavia

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter

 
44. War crimes offences and responsibility, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

War crimes offences and responsibility /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: War crimes in international law / Dinstein, Y. ; Tabory, M. (eds.), p. 1-182. - Hague : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 1996.

ISBN 90-411-0237-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles:. 1. The distinctions between war crimes and crimes against peace, by Y. Dinstein. 2. Crimes under the I.L.C. 1991 draft code, by L. C. Green. 3. Crimes against the peace and security of mankind and the recalcitrant third state, by C. Tomuschat. 4. War crimes and state responsibility, by S. Rosenne. 5. Ethnic cleansing, by N. Lerner. 6. Violations of human rights in time of war as war crimes, by H. S. Levie. 7. The modern pattern of war criminality, by G. I. A. D. Draper.

INDEX WORDS:
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* etnisk rensning = ethnic cleansing = etninen puhdistus
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha

NOTE (MEETINGS): International legal colloquium on war crimes, Tel Aviv University, [19931227- 19931229], [C]

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; Hague conventions; Genocide conventions; ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; IMT charter;

 
45. Flores Acuna, Tathiana : The United Nations Mission in El Salvador, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

The United Nations Mission in El Salvador : a humanitarian law perspective / Flores Acuna, Tathiana - (Nijhoff law specials ; vol. 14), xiv, 253 p.. - Hague : Kluwer, 1995.

ISBN 90-411-0123-2

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* FN = UN = YK
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* rapporter = state reports = raportit

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions

 
46. Merryfield, Merry M. (ed.) : Teaching about international conflict and peace, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Teaching about international conflict and peace / Merryfield, Merry M. (ed.) ; Remy, Richard C., xii, 374 p.. - New York : State University of New York, 1995 .

ISBN 0-7914-2373-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. Choosing content and methods for teaching about international conflict and peace, by Merry M. Merryfiel and Richard C. Remy. 2. A case study of unit planning in the context of school reform, by Steve Shapiro and Merry M. Merryfield. 3. Building peace : a global learning process, by Chadwick F. Alger. 4. The use and control of military power, by peter D. Feaver. 5. Diplomacy, negotiation and peaceful settlement, by David P. Barash. 6. Economic cooperation, by Karen Mingst. 7. Human rights in international perspectives, by David P. Forsythe. 8. Self-determination, by Dov Ronen. 9. Resolving conflict over the global environment, by Marvin S. Soroos.

INDEX WORDS:
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* kollektiv säkerhet = collective security = kollektiivinen turvallisuus
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* EG = EC = EY
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* gulfkriget = Gulf-war = Persianlahden sota
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* IGO = IGO = IGO
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* OECD = OECD = OECD
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus

LOCAL INDEX: Aaland Islands

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR; ECHR; ICCPR; ICESCR;

 
47. Bertrand, Maurice (ed.) : A new charter for a worldwide organisation?, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

A new charter for a worldwide organisation? / Bertrand, Maurice (ed.) ; Warner, Daniel (ed.) - (Nijhoff law specials ; vol. 22), xv, 288 p.. - Hague : Kluwer Law, 1997.

ISBN 90-411-0286-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. The necessity of conceiving a new charter for the global institutions, by Maurice Bertrand. 2. Schematic representations of the current and proposed systems, by Maurice Bertrand. 3. Working paper on the establishment of a "Charter-objective" : project for a new world organization, by Maurice Bertrand. 4. Summary of the discussions held during the colloquium. 5. United Nations reform proposals since the end of the cold war : an overview, by Victor-Yves Ghebali. 6. Commentary on Maurice Bertrand's proposal, by Saul Mendlovitz. 7. A charter for a new world organization : comments on Mr. Maurice Bertrand's proposal, by Yozo Yokota. 8. Inter-state and intra-state norms of conduct for a new world organization charter : apreliminary framework, by Victor-Yves Ghebali. 9. The political demand for change, by Susan George. 10. Reflections on a paper, by Maurice Bertrand, by A. J. R. Groom. 11. Comments on Maurice Bertrand's working papers, by Richard H. Stanley. 12. Comments on UN reform, by Charles William Maynes. 13. Collective security, regional security by Dominique David. 14. A new worldwide organisation, by Jan Woroniecki. 15. International organisation, economics and development, by Christian Comeliau. 16. Commentary on the proposed charter for a new world organisation, by Mohamed Bennouna.

INDEX WORDS:
* slaveri = slavery = orjuus
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* väpnade styrkor = armed forces = asevoimat
* barn = children = lapset
* kollektiv säkerhet = collective security = kollektiivinen turvallisuus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* u-länder = developing countries = kehitysmaat
* diktatur = dictatorship = diktatuuri
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen
* val = elections = vaalit
* undantagstillstånd = state of emergency = hätätila
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* EU = EU = EU
* EG = EC = EY
* feminism = feminism = naisasialiike
* GATT = GATT = GATT
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* högkommissarie för mänskliga rättigheter = HCHR = ihmisoikeusvaltuutettu
* gulfkriget = Gulf-war = Persianlahden sota
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* homosexuella = homosexuals = homoseksuaalit
* nationalstat = nation state = kansallisvaltio
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* fredsbevarande styrkor = peace-keeping forces = rauhanturvajoukot
* perestrojka = perestroika = perestroika
* politiskt deltagande = political participation = poliittinen osallistuminen
* fattigdom = poverty = köyhyys
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* religion = religion = uskonto
* resolutioner = resolutions = päätöslauselmat
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* kollektivt självförsvar = self-defence = kollektiivinen itsepuolustus
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* användning av maktmedel = use of force = voimakeinojen käyttö
* WTO = WTO = WTO

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; TEU;

URL http://www.wkap.nl/book.htm/90-411-0286-8

 
48. Ramcharan, Bertrand G. : Lawyers and peace negotiations, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Lawyers and peace negotiations / Ramcharan, Bertrand G.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): The review : no. 56., p. 15-22. - Geneva : International Commission of Jurist, 1996. - ISSN 0020-6393

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Bosnia-hHerzegovina

 
49. Shelton, Dianah : The independence of international tribunals, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The independence of international tribunals / Shelton, Dianah

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): The review : no. 56., p. 23-50. - Geneva : International Commission of Jurist, 1996. - ISSN 0020-6393

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* oavhängig och opartisk domstol = independent and impartial tribunal = riippumaton ja puolueeton tuomioistuin
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* OAS = OAS = OAS

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR-10; ECHR; AMR; Art. 164 (EEC);

 
50. by Niall MacDermot : Part two : Speeches given , 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Part two : Speeches given / by Niall MacDermot

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): The Review : special edition : In memorian Niall MacDermot : no. 56., p. 85-139. - Geneva : International Commission of Jurists, 1996. - ISSN 0020-6393

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The speeches are:. 1. Violations of human rights as threats to peace. 2. The credibility gap in human rights. 3. Human rights and the churches. 4. Speech given before the European Parliamentary Assembly. 5. Sppech given before the United Nations Headquarters. 6. The Erasmus prize (1989) - Decision and grounds of granting and laudation by HRH prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* massaker = massacre = verilöyly
* kyrka och stat = church and state = kirkko ja valtio

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter;

 
51. The parliamentary vision for international co-operation into the 21st century, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The parliamentary vision for international co-operation into the 21st century /, 11 p.. - Geneva : Inter-Parliamentary Union [IPU], 1995.

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* hållbar utveckling = sustainable development = kestävä kehitys
* vapenbegränsning = arms limitation = aseiden rajoittaminen
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* rasism = racism = rasismi

NOTE (MEETINGS): Declaration adopted by the special session of the Inter-Parliamentary Council New York, UN Headquarters, [19950830-199509019, [C9

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: IPU

 
52. Rosenstock, Robert : The forty-sixth session of the International Law Commission, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The forty-sixth session of the International Law Commission / Rosenstock, Robert

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 89; no. 2., p. 390-394. - Washington, D. C. : American Society of International Law, 1995. - ISSN 0002-9300

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
53. Hippler Bello, Judith (ed.) : International decisions, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

International decisions / Hippler Bello, Judith (ed.)

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): American journal of international law : vol. 91; no. 2., p. 349-364. - Washington, D. C. : American Society of International Law, 1997. - ISSN 0002-9300

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. Commission of the European Communities v. Council of the European Union : Court of Justice decision involving competence to vote when the Community and member states both belong to an international organization, by Bardo Fassbinder. 2. Rulings of German constitutional court upholding the amended right to political asylum and its interpretation and application, by Bardo Fassbinder. 3. South African constitutional court decision upholding immunization of apartheid-era human rights abusers from criminal and civil liability. 4. The forty-eight session of the International Law Commission, by Robert Rosenstock.

INDEX WORDS:
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* ECJ = ECJ = ECJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

NOTE (GENERAL): Vienna convention on the law of treaties; Nuremberg charter; Genocide convention;

URL http://www.jstor.org/journals/00029300.html

 
54. Allain, Jean : A patchwork of norms, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

A patchwork of norms : a commentary on the 1996 draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind / Allain, Jean ; Jones, John R. W. D.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): European journal of international law [=EJIL] = Journal européen de droit international : vol. 8; no. 1., p. 100-117. - Firenze : European University Institute, 1997. - ISSN 0938-5428

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: I. Introduction The International Law Commission's Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind has been half a century in the making. In 1947, the General Assembly of the United Nations requested the International Law Commission (ILC) to formulate the principles of international law recognized in the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal and in the judgment of the Tribunal and to prepare a draft Code of offences against the peace and security of mankind, indicating clearly the place to be accorded to the Nuremberg principles.3 Although the ILC commenced its work in 1949, and submitted a Draft Code five years later,4 the General Assembly did not take any action on the Code until the end of 1981 when it invited the ILC to resume its work.5 In 1991, the ILC provisionally adopted the draft articles of the Code and transmitted them to governments for their observations. The adoption of the 1991 Draft Code was, however, complicated by the process of adopting a statute for a permanent criminal court, which the General Assembly had that same year invited the ILC to consider. Thus, the 1991 Draft Code was referred back to the Drafting Committee. Following this Committee's report, the ILC, at its forty-eighth session, held from 6 May to 26 July 1996, adopted the text of a set of twenty draft articles constituting the Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind (hereinafter `the 1996 Draft Code' or `the Draft Code'). The history of the Draft Code reveals an important fact, namely that the task of drafting it was commissioned by the General Assembly before many of the normative sources on which it would rely had come into being. Indeed, with the exception of the Hague Convention (IV) of 1907 and the Nuremberg Charter, practically all of the conventional and charter-based sources of international criminal law and international humanitarian law, which substantially, if not entirely, overlap with the subject matter of the Draft Code, have emerged since 1947, in particular the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948, the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols of 1977 thereto, as well as the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment of 1984. This posed a fundamental problem for the drafters of the Code. If the Code departed from the texts of these instruments, then it might create contradictions in the law and sow the seeds of confusion. But if it merely reproduced those texts verbatim, then it would be otiose. How then was the Draft Code to coexist alongside these instruments and what use was it to make of them? The approach taken by the ILC has been to transplant the operative elements of various conventions and instruments, while modifying those provisions where it sees fit. In particular, additional elements have been added to what are already international crimes in order to elevate them to the status of the more serious crimes against the peace and security of mankind. This issue will be taken up in the next section. Unfortunately, however, this activity has not been carried out consistently and it has not had the virtue of rationalizing or simplifying the existing law. Rather, the reverse has occurred, as this article will attempt to demonstrate. It will be submitted that if the Code does not rationalize the existing law into a more coherent corpus, departing from the texts of international instruments only when they are seen to contain imperfections or where the law has since developed, then it will be simpler for national courts or the permanent criminal court to have recourse to those existing instruments and to customary law rather than to the Code. Thus, if its present deficiencies are not redressed, the sad conclusion may be drawn that it is better for the administration of international criminal law if the Code is simply not adopted at all.

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Rwanda / Former Yugoslavia

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; UN charter;

URL http://www.ejil.org/

 
55. Bassiouni, M. Cherif (ed.) : Commentaries on the International Law Commission's 1991 draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind, 1993
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Commentaries on the International Law Commission's 1991 draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind / Bassiouni, M. Cherif (ed.), x, 296 p.. - Toulouse : Eres, 1993.

ISBN 2-86586-261-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* miljöskydd = environmental protection = ympäristönsuojelu

 
56. Sunga, Lyal S. : The emerging system of international criminal law, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The emerging system of international criminal law : developments in codification and implementation / Sunga, Lyal S., xxii, 486 p.. - Hague : Kluwer Law, 1997.

ISBN 90-411-0472-0

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Aim and Plan of the Present Enquiry in Light of the Complexity of International Criminal Law. Part 1: Developments in Codification. I. Aggression, Threat of Aggression, Intervention and Colonial Domination. II. Serious Violations of International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. III. Mercenary Activity, Terrorism, Crimes against UN Personnel, Drug-Trafficking and Wilful and Severe Damage to the Natural Environment. Part 2: Developments in Implementation. IV. Advent of Normative Hierarchy in International Law and Its Relation to Individual Criminal Responsibility. V. Implementation of International Criminal Law Through Municipal Jurisdiction. VI. Implementation of International Criminal Law through International Criminal Tribunals. Part 3: Future Prospects. VII. The Emergence of a System of International Criminal Law. Annex 1: 1991 ILC Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind. Annex 2: 1993 Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Annex 3: 1994 Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Annex 4: 1994 ILC Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court. Annex 5: 1995 UN General Assembly Resolution A/50/46 Creating a Preparatory Committee on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court. Annex 6: 1996 ILC Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind.

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* slaveri = slavery = orjuus
* tvångsarbete = forced labour = pakkotyö
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* kvinnor = women = naiset
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: universal

URL http://www.wkap.nl/book.htm/90-411-0472-0

 
57. Degan, V. D. : Sources of international law, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Sources of international law / Degan, V. D. - (Developments in international law ; vol. 27), xv, 564 p.. - Hague : Martinus Nijhoff publ., 1997.

ISBN 90-411-0421-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* krigstillstånd = belligerency = sotatila
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* kollektiv säkerhet = collective security = kollektiivinen turvallisuus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* humanitär rätt = humanitarian law = humanitaarinen oikeus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* oskadlig genomfart = innocent passage = viaton kauttakulku
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* peremptory norms = jus cogens = jus cogens
* ratificering = ratification = ratifiointi
* soft law = soft law = soft law
* slaveri = slavery = orjuus
* WHO = WHO = WHO
* utträde = withdrawal = vetäytyminen

NOTE (GENERAL): UN charter; Montevideo convention; Declaration on friendly relations; Geneva conventions; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; Convention on the law of the sea;

 
58. Appelsin, Mika : The concept of war crimes in international law, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: unpublished document

The concept of war crimes in international law / Appelsin, Mika, 71 p.. - Helsinki : University of Helsinki. Faculty of Law, 1996.

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* etnisk rensning = ethnic cleansing = etninen puhdistus
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Former Yugoslavia

NOTE (MEETINGS): European criminal law, seminar 1995-1996

NOTE (THESIS): Master of thesis (pro gradu), Department of Criminal Law , 1996,[T]

NOTE (GENERAL): Hague conventions; Geneva conventions; Nuremberg charter; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; Declaration of St.Petersburg;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

 
59. Spiliopoulou Åkermark, Athanasia [=Sia] : Justifications of minority protection in international law, 1997
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Justifications of minority protection in international law / Spiliopoulou Åkermark, Athanasia [=Sia], 328 p.. - Uppsala : Iustus, 1997.

ISBN 91-7678-352-9

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. Part I. 1. Defining the Problem. 2. Rights and Protection. 3. Justification in International Law. 4. The Three Justifications of Minority Protection. 5. Defining the Minority. Part II. 6. Minority Protection by the League of Nations. 7. Minority Protection by the United Nations. 8. Minority Protection by the Organisation for Security and Co-Operation in Europe. 9. Minority Protection by the Council of Europe. 10. Summary and Concluding Remarks.

INDEX WORDS:
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* OSSE = OSCE = ETYJ
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* EU = EU = EU
* HCNM = HCNM = HCNM
* landrättigheter = land ownership rights = maanomistusoikeus
* rätt att använda sitt eget språk = right to use one's own language = oikeus käyttää omaa kieltään
* NF = LN = KL
* FN = UN = YK
* självstyrelse = self-government = itsehallinto
* prövningsmarginal = margin of appreciation = harkintamarginaali
* reservationer = reservations = varaumat
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* romer = Roma = romanit
* människovärde = human dignity = ihmisarvo
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus
* massmedia = mass media = joukkotiedotusvälineet
* religionsfrihet = freedom of religion = uskonnonvapaus
* miljöskydd = environmental protection = ympäristönsuojelu
* indianer = Indians = intiaanit
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* icke-diskriminering = non-discrimination = syrjintäkielto
* mänsklig dimension = human dimension = inhimillinen ulottuvuus
* samer = Sami = saamelaiset
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* nationella minoriteter = national minorities = kansalliset vähemmistöt

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Finland / Sweden / Canada

LOCAL GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Aaland Islands

NOTE (GENERAL): Declaration on the rights of minorities; ICCPR-27; ICCPR-OP; ECHR-14; Framework convention for the protection of national minorities; European charter for regional or minority languages; Final act of Helsinki; Document of Madrid; Copenhagen document; Charter of Paris; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; CERD; ICESCR; Proposal for a European convention for the protection of minorities; Proposal for an additional protocol to the European convention on human rights concerning the protection of minorities;

 
60. Zouche, Richard : An exposition of feciallaw and procedure or of law between nations and questions concerning the same, 1911
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

An exposition of feciallaw and procedure or of law between nations and questions concerning the same : wherein are set forth matters regarding peace and war between different princes or peoples, derived from the most eminent historical jurists : vol. II (T) / Zouche, Richard, xvii, 186 p.. - Washington : Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1911.

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* fred och säkerhet = peace and security = rauha ja turvallisuus

LIBRARY LOCATION: ÅAB

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24.11.1999