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1. Zalaquett, José : Overview : Confronting human rights violations committed by former governments, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Overview : Confronting human rights violations committed by former governments : principles applicable and political constraints / Zalaquett, José

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. I : general considerations / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 1-54. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-47-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: Other articles are:. 1. Justice after transitions, by Jamal Benomar. 2. Project on justice in times of transition : report of the project's inaugural meeting, by Mary Albon.

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* nationell säkerhet = national security = kansallinen turvallisuus
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* lydnadsplikt = duty to obey orders = tottelemisvelvollisuus
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* politiska partier = political parties = poliittiset puolueet
* folkomröstning = referendum = kansanäänestys
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* åtal = prosecution = syyte
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* kollektiv skuld = collective guilt = kollektiivinen syyllisyys
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Eastern Europe / Central Europe / Africa / Benin / Niger / Togo

NOTE (GENERAL): UDHR; AMR; ICCPR-14-15; Charter 77; Czech charter of fundamental rights; CAT;

 
2. Distinguishing between transitions, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Distinguishing between transitions : how circumstances shape the available options /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. I : general considerations / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 55-120. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-47-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. Transitions from authoritarian rule : tentative conclusions about uncertain democracies, by Guillermo O'Donnell and Philippe C. Schmitter. 2. The third wave : democratization in the late twentieth century, by Samuel P. Huntington. 3. To prosecute or to pardon? Human rights decisions in the Latin American Southern cone, by David Pion-Berlin. 4. Justice after transitions : on the choices successor elites make in dealing with the past, by Luc Huyse. 5. The end of decommunization, by Stephen Holmes.

INDEX WORDS:
* nationell säkerhet = national security = kansallinen turvallisuus
* väpnade styrkor = armed forces = asevoimat
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* terror = terror = terrori
* fångar = prisoners = vangit
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Latin America / Greece / Brazil / Chile / ARgentina / Uruguay / Guatemala / Belgium / France / Netherlands / Czechoslovakia / Hungary / Poland

NOTE (GENERAL): ECHR-7(1); ICCPR-15(1);

 
3. Criminal sanctions , 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Criminal sanctions : the question of prosecution /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. I : general considerations / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 335-438. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-47-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The articles are:. 1. Justice after transition : on the choices successor elites make in dealing with the past, by Luc Huyse. 2. Trial by fiat of the successor regime, by Otto Kirchheimer. 3. Settling accounts : the duty to prosecute human rights violations of a prior regime, by Diane F. Orentlicher. 4. Response : the duty to punish past abuses of human rights into context : the case of Argentina, by Carlos S. Nino. 5. A reply to Professor Nino, by Diane F. Orentlicher.

INDEX WORDS:
* åtal = prosecution = syyte
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* klagomål/besvär = complaints = valitus
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Belgium / France / Netherlands / Chile / Czechoslovakia / Germany / Argentina

NOTE (GENERAL): Nuremberg charter; CAT; Genocide convention; ECHR; AMR; ICCPR; Inter-American convention to prevent and punish torture;

 
4. France, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

France /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. II : country studies / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 71-126. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-48-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Algeria / France

 
5. Argentina, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Argentina /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. II : country studies / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 323-382. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-48-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* diktatur = dictatorship = diktatuuri
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* väpnade styrkor = armed forces = asevoimat
* lydnadsplikt = duty to obey orders = tottelemisvelvollisuus
* grundlag/författning = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö

NOTE (GENERAL): ICCPR; ICESCR;

 
6. Uruguay, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Uruguay /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. II : country studies / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 383-430. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-48-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* censur = censorship = sensuuri
* politiska fångar = political prisoners = poliittiset vangit
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* demokrati = democracy = demokratia
* folkomröstning = referendum = kansanäänestys
* gerilla = guerrilla = sissiliike
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* klagomål/besvär = complaints = valitus
* staternas förpliktelser = obligations of states = valtioiden velvollisuudet

 
7. Chile, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Chile /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. II : country studies / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 453-510. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-48-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* diktatur = dictatorship = diktatuuri
* människovärde = human dignity = ihmisarvo
* åtal = prosecution = syyte
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* politiska fångar = political prisoners = poliittiset vangit

 
8. Bulgaria, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Bulgaria /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. II : country studies / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 693-722. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-48-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* socialskydd = social security = sosiaaliturva
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* ESK/KSSE = CSCE = ETYK
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus

 
9. Prosecution and Amnesty, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Prosecution and Amnesty /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. III : laws, rulings and reports / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 457-612. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-49-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* åtal = prosecution = syyte
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* interamerikanska kommissionen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Commission on Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustoimikunta
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* lydnadsplikt = duty to obey orders = tottelemisvelvollisuus
* grundlag/författning = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Argentina / Bangladesh / El Salvador / Ethiopia / Germany / Honduras / Nicaragua / South Africa / Uruguay

 
10. Compensation and rehabilitation, 1995
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Compensation and rehabilitation /

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Transitional justice : how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes : vol. III : laws, rulings and reports / Kritz, N. J. (ed.); foreword by Nelson Mandela, p. 643-818. - Washington, DC : United States Institute of Peace, 1995.

ISBN 1-878379-49-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* FN = UN = YK
* Europarådet = Council of Europe = Euroopan Neuvosto
* grundlag/författning = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* lagstiftning = legislation = lainsäädäntö
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* äganderätt = right to property = omistusoikeus
* landrättigheter = land ownership rights = maanomistusoikeus
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* implementering = implementation = toteuttaminen
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* minoritetsgrupper = minority groups = vähemmistöryhmät
* nationella minoriteter = national minorities = kansalliset vähemmistöt
* förtryck = repression = sortotoimet
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Argentina / Albania / Brazil / Bulgaria / Chile / Czech Republic / Slovakia / Germany / Haiti / Honduras / Hungary / Italy / Romania / Russian Federation

NOTE (GENERAL): Declaration of basic principles of justice for victims and abuse of power; European convention on products liability; AMR;

 
11. Popkin, Margaret : Guatemala's national reconciliation law, 1996
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

Guatemala's national reconciliation law : combatting impunity or continuing it? / Popkin, Margaret

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Revista IIDH : 24, p. 173-184. - San José, C. R. : Instituto Interamericano de Derechos, 1996. - ISSN 1015-5074

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* försoning = reconciliation = sovinto
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* strafflag = criminal law = rikoslaki
* grundlag/författning = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Guatemala / El Salvador

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR; Convention on the non-applicability of statutes of limitation for war crimes and crimes against humanity; CAT; Inter-American convention on forced disappearance;

 
12. Roht-Arriaza, Naomi : The developing jurisprudence on amnesty, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

The developing jurisprudence on amnesty / Roht-Arriaza, Naomi ; Gibson, Lauren

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Human rights quarterly : vol. 20; no. 4., p. 843-885. - Baltimore, MA : John Hopkins U. P., 1998. - ISSN 0275-0392

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* tolkning = interpretation = tulkinta
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Chile / El Salvador / Guatemala / Honduras / Peru / South Africa / Argentina / Hungary

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; AMR; CAT; ICCPR; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions;

 
13. Guatemala , 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: unpublished document

Guatemala : nunca más [=never again] / - (REMHI [=Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica]) - Guatemala : D. R. Oficina de Derechos Humanos del Arzobispado de Guatemala, 1998.

ISBN [84-8377-431-3]

LANGUAGE: SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* terror = terror = terrori
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* sexuellt utnyttjande = sexual abuse = seksuaalinen hyväksikäyttö
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* massaker = massacre = verilöyly
* gerilla = guerrilla = sissiliike
* katolicismen = Catholicism = katolilaisuus
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* offer = victims = uhrit
* skadestånd = compensation = korvaus
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Latin America

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR-1; Inter-American convention to prevent and punish torture; ICCPR-2; CAT; Declaration on the protection of all persons from enforced disappearance and the principles for the effective prevention and investigation of extra-legal, arbitrary and summary executions;

URL http://www.guateconnect.com/odhagua/infremhi/default.htm

 
14. Hannikainen, Lauri : Augusto Pinochet'n teot kansainvälisen oikeuden valossa, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Augusto Pinochet'n teot kansainvälisen oikeuden valossa / Hannikainen, Lauri

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Oikeus : oikeuden ulkopuolella : no. 27:4., p. 440-449. - Helsinki : Suomen demokraattiset lakimiehet & Oikeus- ja yhteiskuntatieteellinen yhd., 1998. - ISSN 0356-4037

LANGUAGE: FIN

INDEX WORDS:
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* jäv = bias = esteellisyys
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = human rights violations = ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Chile / Spain / United Kingdom

NOTE (GENERAL): ICCPR-15;

 
15. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa report, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa report : volume one /, 508 p.. - Cape Town : Truth and Reconciliation Commission, 1998.

ISBN 0-620-23085-1

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: The chapters are:. 1. Chairperson's foreword. 2. Historical context. 3. Setting up the Commission. 4. The mandate. 5. Concepts and principles. 6. Methodology and process. 7. Legal challenges. 8. The destruction of records. 9. Report of the Chief Executive and Accounting Officer. 10. Administrative Reports of Statutory Committees. 11. Management and operational reports. 12. Regional reports. 13. Addenda.

INDEX WORDS:
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* rapporter = state reports = raportit
* lagstiftning = legislation = lainsäädäntö
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* etniska grupper = ethnic groups = etniset ryhmät
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* omänsklig behandling eller bestraffning = inhuman treatment or punishment = epäinhimillinen kohtelu tai rangaistus
* rasism = racism = rasismi
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* förföljelse = persecution = vaino
* fängelseförhållanden = prison conditions = vankilaolosuhteet
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* databaser = databases = tietokannat
* fattigdom = poverty = köyhyys

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Apartheid convention; Convention on the non-applicability of statutory to war crimes and crimes against humanity; ILC Draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; ACHPR;

URL http://www.truth.org.za/

 
16. Nowak, Manfred : The international covenant on civil and political rights, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a monograph

The international covenant on civil and political rights / Nowak, Manfred

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: An introduction to the international protection of human rights : a textbook : Part II : The United Nations : the charter-based and treaty-based procedures / Hanski, R.; Suksi, M. (eds.). - 2. rev. ed.., p. 79-100. - Turku/Åbo : Åbo Akademi University. Institute for Human Rights, 1999.

ISBN 952-12-0247-5

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* kvinnor = women = naiset
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* rätt till frihet och säkerhet = right to liberty and security = oikeus vapauteen ja turvallisuuteen
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* yttrandefrihet = freedom of expression = ilmaisuvapaus
* effektiva rättsmedel = effective remedy = tehokas oikeussuojakeino
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* dödskö = death row = kuolemanjono
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* omänsklig behandling eller bestraffning = inhuman treatment or punishment = epäinhimillinen kohtelu tai rangaistus
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* reservationer = reservations = varaumat
* ofrivilliga försvinnanden = enforced disappearances = pakotettu katoaminen
* rätt till privatliv = right to privacy = oikeus yksityiselämään
* individuella klagomål = individual complaints = yksilövalitus
* mellanstatliga klagomål = inter-state complaints = valtioidenvälinen valitus
* staternas förpliktelser = obligations of states = valtioiden velvollisuudet
* socialskydd = social security = sosiaaliturva
* inskränkningar = derogations = poikkeukset
* inskränkningar = limitations = rajoitukset
* undantagstillstånd = state of emergency = hätätila
* rapporter = state reports = raportit
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Uruguay / Lituania / Africa / Czech Republic / Jamaica / Trinidad and Tobago / California / USA / Latin America

NOTE (GENERAL): ICCPR-6-17-26; ICESCR; ICCPR-OP; ICCPR-2OP; AMR; ACHPR; ECHR; Vienna convention on the law of states;

 
17. Grote, Rainer : The United Nations and the establishment of a new model of governance for Central America, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of monograph series

The United Nations and the establishment of a new model of governance for Central America : the case of Guatemala / Grote, Rainer

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT: Max Planck yearbook of United Nations law : vol. 2 : 1998 / Frowein, J. A.; Wolfrum, R. (eds.); Philipp, C. (ass.ed.), p. 239-286. - Hague : Kluwer, 1998.

ISBN 90-411-9665-X

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* inbördeskrig = civil war = sisällissota
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* OAS = OAS = OAS
* fredsbevarande styrkor = peace-keeping forces = rauhanturvajoukot
* fredsprocess = peace process = rauhanprosessi
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: El Salvador / Guatemala

NOTE (GENERAL): CAT; CERD; Convention concerning indigenous and tribal peoples in independent countries (ILO convention no. 169); Declaration on the rights of minorities; UN charter;

URL http://www.mpil.de/shared/data/pdf/pdfmpunyb/grote_2.pdf

 
18. Dugard, John : Dealing with crimes of a past regime, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Dealing with crimes of a past regime : is amnesty still an option? / Dugard, John

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Leiden journal of international law : vol. 12; no. 4., p. 1001-1016. - Leiden : Leiden University. Faculty of Law, 1999. - ISSN 0922-1565

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: From time immemorial amnesty has been employed as a means of promoting a po litical settlement and advancing reconciliation in societies that have emerged from repression. At present there is a trend in support of prosecution of those who have committed interna tional crimes, such as torture and crimes against humanity, which excludes the possibility of amnesty. That amnesty is no longer favored is illustrated by the failure of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court to recognize amnesty as a defence to prosecution. While there is no place for unconditional amnesty in the contemporary international legal order an intermediate solution such as a Truth and Reconciliation Commission with power to grant amnesty after investigation, of the South African kind, may contribute to the achievement of peace and justice in a society in transition more effectively than mandatory prosecution.

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* internationell straffrätt = international criminal justice = kansainvälinen rikosoikeus

NOTE (GENERAL): The statute of the ICC;

 
19. Hutchinson, Nikolai : Can amnesty be international?, 2000
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: unpublished document

Can amnesty be international? : a study of the status of South Africa's amnesty abroad / Hutchinson, Nikolai, iv, 60 p.. - Åbo/Turku : Åbo Akademi. Department of Law, 2000.

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* politiskt våld = political violence = poliittinen väkivalta
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* personligt straffansvar = individual criminal responsibility = yksilöllinen rikosvastuu
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* effektiva rättsmedel = effective remedy = tehokas oikeussuojakeino
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* specialrapportör (amnesti) = special rapporteur (amnesty) = erityisraportoija (armahdus)
* ratificering = ratification = ratifiointi

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Chile / El Salvador / South Africa

NOTE (THESIS): Master's thesis in international human rights law within the framework of European Masters degree in Human rights and Democratization, University of Padua, 2000 (T)

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR; Apartheid convention; CAT; ECHR; Genocide convention; ILC draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; ICCPR-7; GA-art.7; GA-art.20; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions-6;

LIBRARY LOCATION: Domvillan

 
20. Wilson, Richard J. : Prosecuting Pinochet, 1999
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Prosecuting Pinochet : international crimes in Spanish domestic law / Wilson, Richard J.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Human rights quarterly : vol. 21; no. 4., p. 927-979. - r : The John Hopkins U. P., 1999. - ISSN 0275-0392

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Spain / Chile / Argentina / United Kingdom

URL http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/human_rights_quarterly/toc/hrq21.4.html#articles4

 
21. Morris, Virginia : The international criminal tribunal for Rwanda 1994-1999, 1998
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The international criminal tribunal for Rwanda 1994-1999 / Morris, Virginia ; Scharf, Michael P.. - 2 vol.., 743 + 572 p.. - Irvington-on-Hudson : Transnational publ., 1998.

ISBN 1-57105-038-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. VOLUME I: 1. The historical context and the significance of the establishment of the Rwanda Tribunal. 2. The legal and factual circumstances that led to the establishment of the Rwanda tribunal. 3. The legal basis for the establishment of the Rwanda tribunal. 4. The limited jurisdiction and the apllicable law of the Rwanda tribunal. 5. The subject matter jurisdiction of the Rwanda tribunal. 6. The personal jurisdiction of the Rwanda tribunal. 7. The territorial jurisdiction and the temporal jurisdiction of the Rwanda tribunal. 8. The concurrent jurisdiction of the rwanda tribunal and national courts. 9. The organization of the Rwanda tribunal. 10. The rules of procedure and evidence of the Rwanda tribunal. 11. Inestigation and indictment. 12. The trial. 13. Post-trial proceedings. 14. The cooperation and judicial assistance of states. 15. General provisions. 16. Conclusion. VOLUME II: 1. Rwanda Tribunal. 2. Commission of Experts on Rwanda. 3, Secretary-General. 4. Security Council. 5. General Assembly. 6. Communications from members states of the United Nations. 7. National legislation. 8. INTERPOL. 9. Predecessors of the Rwanda Tribunal. 10. Addenda.

INDEX WORDS:
* gottgörelse = reparation = hyvitys
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* etnisk rensning = ethnic cleansing = etninen puhdistus
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* personligt straffansvar = individual criminal responsibility = yksilöllinen rikosvastuu
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* rättegångsobservation = trial observation = oikeudenkäyntitarkkailu
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin

NOTE (GENERAL): ACHPR; ILC draft code of crimes against the peace and security of mankind; Draft statute of the ICC; ECHR; Geneva conventions; Genocide convention; Nuremburg charter; UN charter; UDHR;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: VIB

URL http://216.149.62.136/merchant2/merchant.mv?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=TransPubs&Product_Code=ISBN+1-57105-038-8&Category_Code=5

 
22. Argentina, 2001
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Argentina : Amicus Curiare brief on the incompatibility with international law of the full stop and due obedience laws / - (Occasional papers), 58 p.. - Chatelaine, Switzerland : International Commission of Jurists, 2001.

LANGUAGE: ENG, SPA

INDEX WORDS:
* väpnade styrkor = armed forces = asevoimat
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* UNESCO = UNESCO = UNESCO
* OAU = OAU = OAU
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-american Court of Human Rights = inter-amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna (FN) = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea (YK)
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* rådgivande yttrande = advisory opinion = neuvoa-antava mielipide
* lagstiftning = legislation = lainsäädäntö
* verkställande = enforcement = voimaansaattaminen
* nationell rätt = national law = kansallinen oikeus

NOTE (GENERAL): ICCPR; CAT; Inter-American convention to prevent and punish torture; Inter-American convention on forced disappearance of persons; ICCPR-15; ECHR-9; AMR;

 
23. Kindiki, Kithure : Prosecuting the perpetrators of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, 2001
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Prosecuting the perpetrators of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda : its basis in international law and the implications for the protection of human rights in Africa / Kindiki, Kithure

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): African human rights law journal : vol. 1; no. 1., p. 64-77. - Lansdowne, South Africa : Juta Law; University of Pretoria. Centre for Human Rights, 2001. - ISSN 1609-073X

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes

NOTE (GENERAL): The ICTY statute; The ICTR statute; Genocide convention;

 
24. Second report on the situation of human rights in Peru, 2000
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph series

Second report on the situation of human rights in Peru / - (OEA/Ser.L/V/ ; II.106; doc. 59 rev.), viii,205 p.. - Washington, D.C. : Organization of American States. General Secretariat, 2000.

ISBN 0-8270-4158-6

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* rättsstatsprincip = rule of law = oikeusvaltioperiaate
* val = elections = vaalit
* författning/grundlag = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = Inter-Amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* militärdomstol = military tribunal = sotilastuomioistuin
* yttrandefrihet = freedom of expression = ilmaisuvapaus
* ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter = economic, social and cultural rights = TSS-oikeudet
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* barnarbete = child labour = lapsityö
* prostitution = prostitution = prostituutio
* rätt till liv = right to life = oikeus elämään
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* fattigdom = poverty = köyhyys
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen
* hälsovård = health care = terveydenhoito
* CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee = CESCR Committee
* fängelseförhållanden = prison conditions = vankilaolosuhteet

NOTE (GENERAL): AMR;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: s OAS

 
25. Cassese, Antonio (ed.) : The Rome statute of the international criminal court - a commentary : volume I-III, 2002
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The Rome statute of the international criminal court - a commentary : volume I-III / Cassese, Antonio (ed.) ; Gaeta, Paola ; Jones, John R. W. D., cxl, 2018 p. + v, 184 p.. - Oxford : Oxford U. P., 2002.

ISBN 0-19-829862

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: I. The Path to Rome1 Antonio Cassese: From Nuremburg to Rome: from ad hoc international criminal tribunals to the ICC. 2. The Drafting History. 2.1 James Crawford: The Works of the ILC. 2.2 Adriaan Bos: The Works of the Preparatory Committee. 2.3 Phillip Kirsch and D. Robinson: The Debates at the Rome Conference. 2.4 William Pace: The Role of NGOs. 2.5 Albin Eser: The Input of Academics. 3. Alain Pellet: Entry into Force and Amendment of the Statute. II. Structure of the ICC4. The Court. 4.1 Adriaan Bos: Seat of the Court. 4.2 Francesca Martines: Legal Status and Powers of the Court 4.3 Luigi Condorelli and Santiago Villalpando: Relationship of the Court with the United Nations 4.4 John R. W. D. Jones: Organization of the Court 5. John R. W. D. Jones: The Office of the Prosecutor 6. John R. W. D. Jones: The Registry and Staff 7. John R. W. D. Jones: Duties of Officials 8. Herve Ascensio: Privileges and Immunities 9. Adriaan Bos: Assembly of States Parties 10. Mahnoush Arsanjani: Financing III. Jurisdiction11. Jurisdiction ratione materiae (Subject-Matter Jurisdiction) 11.1 Antonio Cassese: Genocide 11.2 Antonio Cassese: Crimes Against Humanity Walther11.3 Horst Fischer: War Crimes 11.4 Giorgio Gaja: Aggression 11.5 Mauro Politi: Elements of the Crimes: an Overview 11.6 Susanne Walther: Cumulation of Offences 11.7 Patrick Robinson: The Missing Crimes 12. Paola Gaeta: Jurisdiction ratione temporis 13. Paola Gaeta: Jurisdiction ratione personae 14. Paola Gaeta: Jurisdiction ratione loci 15. Luigi Condorelli and Santiago Villalpando: Can the Security Council Extend the ICC's Jurisdiction? 16. Paola Gaeta: Can States Agree to Broaden the ICC Jurisdiction? 17. Hans-Peter Kaul: Preconditions to the Exercise of Jurisdiction and Exercise of Jurisdiction 18. `Trigger Mechanisms' 18.1 Philippe Kirsch QC and Darryl Robinson: Referral by a State Party 18.2 Luigi Condorelli and Santiago Villalpando: Referral, and Deferral, by the Security Council 18.3 Philippe Kirsch and Darryl Robinson: Action by the Prosecutor proprio motu 19. Issues of Admissibility and Jurisdiction 19.1 Louise Arbour and Morten Bergsmo: Complementarity: National Courts vs. the ICC 19.2 Michael Bohlander: Possible Conflicts of Jurisdiction with Ad-hoc International Tribunal 19.3 John Dugard: Possible Conflicts of Jurisdiction with Truth Commission 19.4 Louise Arbour and Morten Bergsmo: Other Issues of Admissibility 19.5 Christine van den Wyngaert: Ne bis in idem Princple, Including the Issue of Amnesty IV General Principles of International Criminal Law20 Susan Lamb: Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege in International Criminal Law 21. Albin Eser: Individual Criminal Responsibility 22. Kai Ambos: Command Responsibility 23. John Dugard and van den Wyngaert: Non-applicability of Statute of Limitations 24. Albin Eser: Mental Element 25. Antonio Cassese: Defences and Excuses in International Criminal Law 25.1 Andreas Zimmermann: Superior Order 25.2 Albin Eser: Mistake of Law and Mistake of Fact 25.3 Paola Gaeta: Official Capacity and Immunities 25.4 Kai Ambos: Other Grounds for Excluding Responsibility V. The Statute and General International Law26 Alain Pellet: The Applicable Law 27. Pierre-MarieDupuy: Individual Criminal Responsibility v. State Responsibility 28. Mohamed Bennouna: The Statute's Rules on Crimes and Existing or Developing International Law 29. Antonio Cassese: The Statute's General Principle of Criminal Law and Existing or Developing International Law VI. International Criminal Proceedings30 Fabricio Guariglia: Rules of Procedure and Evidence - An Overview 31. Investigation 31.1 Giulano Turone: Powers and Duties of the Prosecutor 31.2 Salvatore Zappala: Rights of Persons During an Investigation 32. Pre-Trial Proceedings 32.1 Olivier Fourmy: Powers of the Pre-Trial Chambers 32.2 Michele Marchesiello: Proceedings Before the Pre-Trial Chambers 32.3 Bert Swart: Arrest Proceedings in the Custodial State 33. Trial Proceedings 33.1 Franck Terrier: Powers of the Trial Chambers 33.2 Franck Terrier: Proceedings before the Trial Chambers 33.3 Salvatore Zappala': Rights of the Accused 33.4 John R. W. D. Jones: Protection of Victims and Witnesses 33.5 Peter Malanczuk: Protection of National Security Interests 34. Claude Jorda and Jerome de Hemptinne: The Status and Role of the Victims 35. Steven Kay QC and Bert Swart: The Role of the Defence 36. Alphons Orie: Accusatorial v. Inquisitorial Approach in International Criminal Proceedings Prior to the Establishment of the ICC and in the Proceedings Before the ICC 37. William Schabas: Penalties 38. Robert Roth: Appeal 39. Anne-Marie La Rosa: Revision 40. Salvatore Zappala: Compensation to Arrested or Convicted Persons 41. Claus Kress and Goran Sluiter: Enforcement of Sentences of Imprisonment and Fines VII. International Cooperation and Judicial Assistance42 Bert Swart: General Problems 43. Annalisa Ciampi: The Obligation to Cooperate 44. Bert Swart: Arrest and Surrender 45. Annalisa Ciampi: Other Forms of Cooperation 46. Gennady Danilenko: ICC Statute and Third States VIII. Final Analysis and Suggestions47 Darryl Robinson: The Impact of the Rome Statute on National Law 48. Board of Editors: The Contribution of the Rome Statute to International Criminal Law (substantive law and procedural law) and suggestions for improving the Rome Statute, rules of Court and Elements of the Offences

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* rättvis rättegång = fair trial = oikeudenmukainen oikeudenkäynti
* offer = victims = uhrit
* vittnen = witnesses = todistajat
* aggression = aggression = aggressio
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* biologiska vapen = biological weapons = biologiset aseet
* dödsstraff = death penalty = kuolemanrangaistus
* kemiska vapen = chemical weapons = kemialliset aseet
* barn = children = lapset
* ungdomar = juveniles = nuoriso
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* klagomål/besvär = complaints = valitus
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* personligt straffansvar = individual criminal responsibility = yksilöllinen rikosvastuu
* kulturell egendom = cultural property = kulttuuriomaisuus
* sedvanerätt = customary law = tapaoikeus
* diskriminering = discrimination = syrjintä
* fredlig lösning av tvister = dispute settlement = riitaisuuksien rauhanomainen selvittäminen
* verkställande = enforcement = voimaansaattaminen
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* etnisk rensning = ethnic cleansing = etninen puhdistus
* EU = EU = EU
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* utvisning = expulsion = maastakarkotus
* grundläggande rättigheter = fundamental rights = perusoikeudet
* påtvingad graviditet = forced pregnancy = pakotettu raskaus
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* fängslande = imprisonment = vangitseminen
* straffrihet = impunity = rankaisemattomuus
* omänsklig behandling eller bestraffning = inhuman treatment or punishment = epäinhimillinen kohtelu tai rangaistus
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* sexuellt våld = sexual violence = seksuaalinen väkivalta
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* tolkning = interpretation = tulkinta
* islam = Islam = islaminusko
* jus cogens = peremptory norms = peremptory norms
* internationell straffrätt = international criminal justice = kansainvälinen rikosoikeus
* landminor = landmines = maamiinat
* prövningsmarginal = margin of appreciation = harkintamarginaali
* nationella domstolar = national courts = kansalliset tuomioistuimet
* nationalitet = nationality = kansallisuus
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* kärnvapen = nuclear weapons = ydinaseet
* fredsbevarande styrkor = peace-keeping forces = rauhanturvajoukot
* fångar = prisoners = vangit
* äganderätt = right to property = omistusoikeus
* sanktioner = sanctions = pakotteet
* Säkerhetsrådet = Security Council = Turvallisuusneuvosto
* självförsvar = self-defence = itsepuolustus
* självbestämmanderätt = self-determination = itsemääräämisoikeus
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* människohandel = trafficking in persons = ihmiskauppa
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* användning av maktmedel = use of force = voimakeinojen käyttö
* offer = victims = uhrit
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* rätt att avstå från att yttra sig = right to remain silent = oikeus pysyä vaiti
* rättsfall/rättspraxis = cases/case law = oikeustapaukset/oikeuskäytäntö
* nationell rätt = national law = kansallinen oikeus
* flyttning av fångar = transfer of prisoners = vankien siirto

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Austria / Australia / Belgium / Bosnia-Herzegovina / Bulgaria / Canada / France / Germany / Greece / Hungary / Israel / Italy / Jamaica / Japan / Netherlands / New Zealand / poland / Portugal / Russian Federation / South Africa / Spain / Sweden / Switzerland / Turkey / United Kingdom / USA

NOTE (GENERAL): Geneva conventions; Additional protocols to the Geneva conventions; Nuremberg charter; IMT charter; The statute of the ICC; Hague conventions; Moscow declaration; Potsdam declaration; UN charter; ADRD; Genocide convention; Statute of the Council of Europe; ECHR; ILC Draft code of offences against the peace and security of mankind; Refugee convention; EC treaty; European convention on extradition; Un standard minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners; ICCPR; ICCPR-OP; AMR; Vienna convention on the law of treaties; ACHPR; Un convention on the law of the seas; Convention on the transfer of sentenced persons; CAT; Schengen agreement; Chemical weapons convention; TEU; Arab charter on human rights;

LIBRARY LOCATION: IMR

SHELF CODE: Inst.ref.

 
26. O'Shea, Andreas : Amnesty for crime in international law and practice, 2002
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Amnesty for crime in international law and practice / O'Shea, Andreas, xxxiii, 376 p.. - Hague : Kluwer Law, 2002.

ISBN 90-411-1759-8

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1. Introduction. 2. The Practice of Amnesty: Its Emergence, Development and Rational. 3. National Amnesty Laws. 4. The Rationale of Legal Liability and Amnesty. 5. Opting for Prosecution or Amnesty in a System of General Relativity. 6. Prosecution Pursuant to International Humanitarian Law Treaties. 7. Addressing Impunity through Human Rights Treaties and Related Instruments. 8. Defining the Parameters and Criteria for a General Norm against Impunity. 9. State Practice, Opinio Juris and a Duty to Prosecute. 10. Amnesty and Civil Liability. 11. Reconciling Municipal Amnesty with Global Justice: the need for a Protocol to the Rome Statute. 12. Conclusion Towards the Development of Principles for the Limitation of Municipal Amnesty Laws. Appendix: Draft Protocol. Bibliography. Index

INDEX WORDS:
* aggression = aggression = aggressio
* internationell straffrätt = international criminal justice = kansainvälinen rikosoikeus
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* internationell sedvanerätt = customary international law = kansainvälinen tapaoikeus
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* medborgerliga och politiska rättigheter = civil and political rights = kansalaisoikeudet ja poliittiset oikeudet
* skadestånd = compensation = vahingonkorvaus
* författning/grundlag = constitution = perustuslaki/valtiosääntö
* interamerikanska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Inter-American Court of Human Rights = inter-amerikkalainen ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* PCIJ = PCIJ = PCIJ
* ICJ = ICJ = ICJ
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* brott mot freden = crimes against peace = rikos rauhaa vastaan
* väpnad konflikt = armed conflict = aseellinen selkkaus
* erga omnes = erga omnes = erga omnes
* utlämning = extradition = luovuttaminen
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* kommittén för de mänskliga rättigheterna = Human Rights Committee (UN) = ihmisoikeuskomitea
* immunitet = immunity = koskemattomuus
* omänsklig behandling eller bestraffning = inhuman treatment or punishment = epäinhimillinen kohtelu tai rangaistus
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* europeiska domstolen för de mänskliga rättigheterna = European Court of Human Rights = Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin
* internationella brott = international crimes = kansainväliset rikkomukset
* internationell humanitär rätt = international humanitarian law = kansainvälinen humanitaarinen oikeus
* ILO = ILO = ILO
* FN:s folkrättskommission = International Law Commission (ILC) = kansainvälisen oikeuden toimikunta
* jus cogens = peremptory norms = peremptory norms
* prövningsmarginal = margin of appreciation = harkintamarginaali
* massaker = massacre = verilöyly
* fångar = prisoners = vangit
* politiska fångar = political prisoners = poliittiset vangit
* flyktingar = refugees = pakolaiset
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* krigsförbrytelser = war criminals = sotarikolliset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Argentina / Chile / Croatia / El salvador / France / Greece / Haiti / Lesotho / Peru / Romania / Serbian Republic / South Africa / Uganda / USA / Uruguay / Zimbabwe

NOTE (GENERAL): ACHPR; AMR; UN charter; CAT; Convention for the creation of an international criminal court; Genocide convention; CEDAW; Dayton peace agreement; ECPT; European convention onthe suppression of terrorism; Geneva conventions; Inter-American convention on the forced disappearance of persons; Inter-American convention to prevent and punish torture; ICCPR; ICESCR; CERD; Slavery convention; Nuremberg charter; Paris peace treaty; ICCPR-OP; CAT; Vienna convention on the law of treaties;

URL http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/90-411-1759-8

 
27. Agosin, Marjorie (ed.) : Women, gender and human rights, 2001
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Women, gender and human rights : a global perspective / Agosin, Marjorie (ed.) , viii, 339 p.. - Piscataway, NJ : Rutgers University, 2001.

ISBN 0-8135-2983-2

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. I. Theoretical visions. II. Women and health. III. Women, activism and social change. IV. Women and the cultures of displacement.

INDEX WORDS:
* affirmative action = affirmative action = affirmative action
* AIDS = AIDS = AIDS
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* födelsekontroll = birth control = syntyvyydensäännöstely
* assimilering = assimilation = assimilaatio
* asylsökande = asylum seekers = turvapaikanhakijat
* barn = children = lapset
* preventivmedel = contraceptives = ehkäisyvälineet
* ekonomisk utveckling = economic development = taloudellinen kehitys
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen
* jämlikhet = equality = tasa-arvo
* familjeplanering = family planning = perhesuunnittelu
* feminism = feminism = naisasialiike
* kvinnlig könsstympning = female genital mutilation (FGM) = naisten sukupuolielinten silpominen
* globalisering = globalization = globalisaatio
* urfolk = indigenous peoples = alkuperäiskansat
* barnamord = infanticide = lapsen murha
* IMF = IMF = IMF
* invandrare = immigrants = maahanmuuttajat
* icke-diskriminering = non-discrimination = syrjintäkielto
* NGO = NGO = NGO
* reproduktiva rättigheter = reproductive rights = lisääntymiseen liittyvät oikeudet
* statsansvar = state responsibility = valtiovastuu
* graviditet = pregnancy = raskaus
* handel med kvinnor = trafficking in women = naiskauppa
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* våldtäkt = rape = raiskaus
* offer = victims = uhrit
* sexuellt utnyttjande = sexual abuse = seksuaalinen hyväksikäyttö
* rösträtt = right to vote = äänioikeus
* Världsbanken = World Bank = Maailmanpankki
* WHO = WHO = WHO
* kvinnliga fångar = women prisoners = naisvangit
* hedersmord = honour killing = kunniamurha
* flickebarn = girl child = tyttölapsi

NOTE (GENERAL): CEDAW; UN charter;

URL http://165.230.98.36/acatalog/__Women_and_Human_Rights_706.html#1009

 
28. Wilson, Richard A. : The politics of Truth and Reconsiliation in South Africa, 2001
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

The politics of Truth and Reconsiliation in South Africa : legitimizing the post-apartheid state / Wilson, Richard A., xxi, 271 p.. - Cambridge : Cambridge U. P., 2001.

ISBN 0-521-80219-9

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1. Human rights and nation-building. PART I : Human rights and truth. 2. Technologies of truth : the TRC's truth-making machine. 3. The politics of truth and human rights. PART II: Reconciliation, retribution and revenge. 4. Reconciliation through truth? 5. Reconciliation in society : religious values and procedural pragmatism. 6. Vengeance, revenge and retribution. 7. Reconciliation with a venegeance. 8. Conclusions: human rights, reconciliation and retribution.

INDEX WORDS:
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* apartheid = apartheid = rotusorto
* sanningskommissioner = truth commissions = totuuskomissiot
* författningsdomstol = constitutional court = valtiosääntötuomioistuin
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* globalisering = globalization = globalisaatio
* ICRC = ICRC = ICRC
* massaker = massacre = verilöyly
* rasism = racism = rasismi

URL http://www.cup.org/ObjectBuilder/ObjectBuilder.iwx?ProcessName=ProductPage&Merchant_Id=1&product_id=0-521-80219-9&origin=search&searchField=ALL&searchString=politics%20of%20truth%20and%20

 
29. Kamminga, Menno T. : Lessons learned from the exrecise of universal jursidiction in respect of gross human rights offenses, 2001
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial

Lessons learned from the exrecise of universal jursidiction in respect of gross human rights offenses / Kamminga, Menno T.

REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): Human rights quarterly : vol. 23; no. 4., p. 940-974. - Baltimore, MA : ohn Hopkins Univ., 2001. - ISSN 0275-0392

LANGUAGE: ENG

INDEX WORDS:
* internationella tribunalen för krigsförbrytelser = international tribunal on war crimes (ICTY and ICTR) = kansainvälinen sotarikostuomioistuin
* internationella brottmålsdomstolen = international criminal court (ICC) = kansainvälinen rikostuomioistuin
* folkmord = genocide = kansanmurha
* brott mot mänskligheten = crimes against humanity = rikos ihmisyyttä vastaan
* krigsförbrytelser = war crimes = sotarikokset
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* grova brott mot mänskliga rättigheter = gross violations of human rights = törkeät ihmisoikeusloukkaukset

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Former Yugoslavia / Rwanda / Austria / belgium / Canada / Denmark / Germany / Nexico / netherlands / Senegal / Spain / Switzerland / United Kingdom

NOTE (GENERAL): Genocide convention; CAT; Inter-American convention on forced disappearance of persons; Nuremberg charter; The statute of the ICTY; The statute of the ICTR; The statute of the ICC;

 
30. van Selm, Joanne (ed.) : Kosovo's refugees in the European Union, 2000
 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: monograph

Kosovo's refugees in the European Union / van Selm, Joanne (ed.), x, 239 p.. - London : Pinter, 2000.

ISBN 1-85567-641-9

LANGUAGE: ENG

ABSTRACT: CONTENTS:. 1. Introduction, by Joanne van Selm. 2. Gemany: protection for refugees or protection from refugees?, by Khalid Koser. 3. The Netherlands: the few who made it 'won't be staying', by Joanne van Selm. 4. The United Kingdom: Kosovar Albanian refugees, by Elspeth Guild. 5. Sweden: the Kosovars and refugee policy changes - 'Isn't it best for everyone if they stay close to home?', by Elisabeth Abiri. 6. Austria: reception of conflict refugees, by Irene Stacher. 7. Italy: gateway to Europe, but not the gatekeeper?, by Christopher Hein. 8. France: international norms: European integration and state discretion, by Sandra Lavenex. 9. Conclusion, by Joanne van Selm. Appendix 1: Reception in other states: information relating to other key states involved in the reception of Kosovars, by Joanne van Selm. Appendix 2: Tables relevant to all chapters.

INDEX WORDS:
* albaner = Albanians = albaanit
* amnesti = amnesty = armahdus
* asyl = asylum = turvapaikka
* asylsökande = asylum seekers = turvapaikanhakijat
* båtflyktingar = boat people = venepakolaiset
* delade bördor = burden sharing = taakan jakaminen
* medborgarskap = citizenship = kansalaisuus
* CFSP = CFSP = YUTP
* de facto flyktingar = de facto refugees = de facto pakolaiset
* val = elections = vaalit
* rätt till undervisning = right to education = oikeus opetukseen
* familjeåterförening = family reunification = perheen yhdistäminen
* globalisering = globalization = globalisaatio
* romer = Roma = romanit
* mänskliga rättigheter = human rights = ihmisoikeudet
* invandring = immigration = maahanmuutto
* islam = Islam = islaminusko
* kurder = Kurds = kurdit
* NATO = NATO = NATO
* kärnvapen = nuclear weapons = ydinaseet
* rasism = racism = rasismi
* avvisning = non-refoulement principle = palautuskielto
* suveränitet = sovereignty = suvereniteetti
* tillfälligt skydd = temporary protection = tilapäinen suojelu
* terrorism = terrorism = terrorismi
* tortyr = torture = kidutus
* arbetslöshet = unemployment = työttömyys
* UNHCR = UNHCR = UNHCR
* UNICEF = UNICEF = UNICEF
* välfärdsstat = welfare state = hyvinvointivaltio
* främlingshat = xenophobia = muukalaisviha

GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Argentina / Australia / Austria / Belgium / Bosnia-Herzegovina / Bulgaria / Canada / Chile / Congo / Croatia / Cuba / Czech Republic / Denmark / Eastern Europe / Finland / Former Yugoslavia / Germany / Greece / Hungary / Iceland / Indonesia / Iran / Iraq / Italy / Ireland / Latin America / Lebanon / Luxembourg / Macedonia / Middle East / Norway / New Zealand / Netherlands / Philippines / Poland / Portugal / Romania / Russian Federation / Slovenia / Spain / Somalia / Sri Lanka / Sweden / Switzerland / Uganda / USA

LOCAL GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS: Scotland Srebrenica

URL http://www.jha.ac/books/br020.htm

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24.11.1999