|1.||O'Hare, Ursula : Equality and affirmative action in international human rights law and its relevance to the European Union, 2000|
BIBLIOGRAPHIC LEVEL: part of a serial
Equality and affirmative action in international human rights law and its relevance to the European Union / O'Hare, Ursula
REFERENCE TO GENERIC UNIT (Periodica): International journal of discrimination and the law : vol. 4; no. 1., p. 3-45. - Oxon : A B Academic Publ., 2000. - ISSN 1358-2291
ABSTRACT: Human rights norms have played an increasingly important role in recent equality cases before the European Court of Justice, including the Marschall case on posit ive action. This paper aims to contribute to the positive action debate in Commun ity law by exploring the meaning of the equality principle in human rights law and outlining the potential relevance of the human rights approach to affirmative action for the development of the equality principle in Community law. The paper sug- gests that the equality principle in human rights law, not only permits, but arguably may, in certain circumstances, require states to adopt affirmative action in fulfil ment of their obligations to respect the equality principle. Human rights law thus represents a valuable resource upon which the Court could draw in developing the equality principle in Community law. Should the Court have regard to human rights law in framing the future scope of the equality principle in Community law this may result in a bolder approach to positive action in Community law than hitherto adopted by the Court. The paper, however, also recognises the limits of human rights law and concludes with an assessment of those steps which the inter national community may need to take if the Court is to be expected to draw upon human rights norms in informing its interpretation of Community equality law.
NOTE (GENERAL): Art. 141 (119) TOA; UDHR-2; ICCPR-2; ICESCR-2; GC (no. 4); CERD; Convention concerning discrimination in respect of employment and occupation (ILO convention no. 111); ICCPR-27; GC-23; ECHR;